De la brecha digital a la brecha psico-digital: Mayores y redes sociales

From digital divide to psycho-digital divide: Elders and online social networks

Palabras clave

Mayores, brecha digital, envejecimiento activo, edad cognitiva, ansiedad tecnológica, audacia, TIC, redes sociales

Resumen

En el presente estudio analizamos la evolución del concepto de la brecha digital para los mayores desde la perspectiva del envejecimiento activo y en el contexto de la utilización de las redes sociales como instrumento de comunicación. Consideramos que las variables socio-demográficas no tienen suficiente poder para explicar la utilización o no de las tecnologías de la comunicación (TIC) por los mayores. Las variables de corte psicológico, como la edad cognitiva, la ansiedad tecnológica o el nivel de audacia complementan a las anteriores, e incluso, pueden ser más explicativas del comportamiento del mayor con relación a la utilización de redes sociales. Los resultados provenientes de una muestra de mayores, alumnos del Aula de Experiencia de una universidad, nos permiten confirmar que nuestras dudas acerca del estereotipo de los mayores respecto a la brecha digital son acertadas y que las variables psicológicas sirven, en mayor grado, para mostrar las diferencias significativas existentes entre usuarios y no usuarios de redes sociales en cuanto a la determinación del perfil de los mismos. El usuario mayor de redes sociales se siente más joven, experimenta un menor nivel de ansiedad tecnológica y es más audaz. En general, las características psicológicas ofrecen, por tanto, mayor poder discriminante que las socio-demográficas, por ello proponemos el concepto de brecha psico-digital.

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 10-11-2014

Revisado: 15-12-2014

Aceptado: 29-01-2015

Preprint: 15-04-2015

Fecha publicación: 01-07-2015

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 35 días | Media tiempo revisión número 45: 46 días

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 80 días | Media tiempo aceptación número 45: 127 días

Tiempo de edición del preprint: 187 días | Media tiempo edición número preprint 45: 247 días

Tiempo de edición del artículo: 232 días | Media tiempo edición número 45: 292 días

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Peral-Peral, B., Arenas-Gaitán, J., & Villarejo-Ramos, . (2015). From digital divide to psycho-digital divide: Elders and online social networks. [De la brecha digital a la brecha psico-digital: Mayores y redes sociales]. Comunicar, 45, 57-64. https://doi.org/10.3916/C45-2015-06

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