Ключевые слова

Elders, digital divide, active ageing, cognitive age, technology anxiety, venturesomeness, ICT, online social networks


The present study analyzes the evolution of the concept of the digital gap with the elderly from the perspective of active ageing and in the context of the use of online social networks as a communication instrument. We consider that socio-demographic variables are not enough to explain the elderly’s use or non-use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). Psychological variables, such as cognitive age, technology anxiety and the level of adventurousness complement the former and can even explain more the elderly person’s behaviour regarding the use of online social networks. The results come from a sample of elderly people who are students of an Experience Classroom in a university. They allow us to confirm that our doubts about the stereotype of the elderly concerning the digital divide are correct and that the psychological variables serve to a greater extent to show the significant differences with respect to determining their profile. The elderly user of online social networks feels younger, experiences a lower level of technology anxiety and is more adventurous. In general, psychological characteristics therefore offer a more discriminant power than those that are socio-demographic. This is why we propose the concept of a psycho-digital divide.


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Получила: 10-11-2014

пересмотренный: 15-12-2014

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Hebblethwaite, S. (2016). The (in) visibility of older adults in digital leisure cultures. In Digital Leisure Cultures (pp. 106-118). Routledge.


Wanka, A., & Gallistl, V. (2018). Doing Age in a Digitized World—A Material Praxeology of Aging With Technology. Frontiers in Sociology, 3, 6.


Sádaba, C. (2016, July). Elders’ Perceptions on the Role of ICTs on Their Lives. In International Conference on Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population (pp. 238-244). Springer, Cham.


Ramírez-Correa, P. E., Grandón, E. E., & Arenas-Gaitán, J. (2019). Assessing differences in customers’ personal disposition to e-commerce. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 119(4), 792-820.


Asbury, E. T. (2016). Natives and immigrants: Closing the digital generation gap. In Applied Cyberpsychology (pp. 58-73). Palgrave Macmillan, London.


Abarca-Casillas, G. A. (2017). Definición de estrategias a partir de los procesos del Área de Atención a Medios de la Coordinación de Prensa y Difusión.


Morales Torres, C. (2017). Análisis exploratorio de los videoblogs y sus posibilidades como recurso educomunicativo (Doctoral dissertation, Universidad Internacional de Andalucía).


Bustamante, M. D. L. A. M. (2018). Jubilados en Twitter. Análisis de narrativas y seminalidad en los tuits de personas mayores para la discusión de temas públicos: El caso de Chile. Aula abierta, 47(1), 123-130.


Corder, A. C., Mendoza, O. C., & Muñoz, J. U. J. (2017). ¿ Te gustaría grabar tu voz u otros sonidos?, aquí te damos una idea. Revista Digital Universitaria, 18(8).


Bueno, G. V., & Pérez, F. C. Y tú…¿ qué piensas del aprendizaje en línea?.


Grandón, E. E., Órdenes, L. B., Araya, S., Ramirez-Correa, P., & Alfaro-Pérez, J. Sitios de redes sociales y adulto mayor: Un estudio empírico Social network sites and elders: An empirical study.


Sánchez Torres, J. A. (2015). Difusión y adopción del e-Commerce mundial: efecto moderador de la brecha digital.


Villarejo Ramos, Á. F., Peral Peral, B., & Arenas Gaitán, J. (2018). El uso de los servicios online por los mayores: análisis de la banca por Internet. Aula abierta, 47 (1), 97-106.


Birkland, J. L., & Johanna, L. H. (2019). Birkland (2019).'User Types and the Life Course: Toward Understanding the Universality of User Types', Gerontechnology.


Birkland, J. L. (2019). Gerontechnology: Understanding Older Adult Information and Communication Technology Use. Emerald Publishing Limited.


Peishan, Y., & Lin, S. J. Digital aging as an essential component of active aging: A literature review.


Ramírez-Correa, P., Grandón, E. E., Ramírez-Santana, M., & Belmar Órdenes, L. (2019). Explaining the Use of Social Network Sites as Seen by Older Adults: The Enjoyment Component of a Hedonic Information System. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(10), 1673.


Henderson, R. (2019). Access and Use of e-Government Public Services amongst Older Adults (Doctoral dissertation, Walden University).


Faria, P. S. (2017). Comunicação boca a boca em meio digital: um estudo exploratório sobre o comportamento do público idoso (Doctoral dissertation, Universidade de São Paulo).


Chan, C. J., & Suarez, M. T. C. (2017). Social Media as Enabler for ICT Inclusion to Achieve Active Ageing. In PACIS (p. 185).


Chang, I. C., Chang, C. H., Lian, J. W., & Wang, M. W. (2018). Antecedents and consequences of social networking site knowledge sharing by seniors: A social capital perspective. Library Hi Tech, 36(4), 651-664.


Bernabé-Valero, G., Iborra-Marmolejo, I., BENEYTO-ARROJO, M. J., & Senent-Capuz, N. (2018). The moderating role of Intellectual Humility in the adoption of ICT: A study across life-span. Frontiers in psychology, 9, 2433.


Flowers-Henderson, R. (2019). Access and Use of E-Government Public Services Amongst Older Adults.


Cañón Rodríguez, R., Grande de Prado, M., & Cantón Mayo, I. (2016). Brecha digital: impacto en el desarrollo social y personal. Factores asociados. Tendencias pedagógicas.


Alcalá, L. A. (2016). La alfabetización digital como instrumento de e-inclusión de las personas mayores. Prisma Social, (16), 156-204.


González, A. J. G., Gómez-Millán, M. R. B., & Rubio, L. R. (2017). Competencias comunicativas mediadas en estudiantes universitarios mayores. Alfabetización tecnológica como experiencia innovadora. RELATEC: Revista Latinoamericana de Tecnología Educativa, 16(1), 67-77.


Padilla-Góngora, D., López-Liria, R., del Pilar Díaz-López, M., Aguilar-Parra, J. M., Vargas-Muñoz, M. E., & Rocamora-Pérez, P. (2017). Habits of the elderly regarding access to the new Information and communication technologies. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 237, 1412-1417.


Alcalá, L. A. (2017). Alfabetización mediática para la einclusión de personas mayores. Dykinson.


Casamayou, A., & González, M. J. M. (2017). Personas mayores y tecnologías digitales: desafíos de un binomio. Psicología, Conocimiento y Sociedad, 7(2), 152-172.


Azevedo, C. (2016). TIC e sociedades cada vez mais envelhecidas: uma contextualização de estudos no Brasil, em Portugal e em outros países. Verso e Reverso, 31(76), 14-25.


Porras Moral, A. J. (2018). TIC, alfabetización digital y envejecimiento satisfactorio: un estudio longitudinal.


Casamayou, A., & González, M. J. M. Personas mayores y tecnologías digitales: desafíos de un binomio Elderly people and digital technologies: a dual challenge Idosos e tecnologias digitais: desafios duplos.


Rivoir, A., Morales, M. J., & Casamayou, A. (2019). Usos y percepciones de las tecnologías digitales en personas mayores. Limitaciones y beneficios para su calidad de vida. Revista Austral de Ciencias Sociales, (36), 293-311.


Catón Mayo, I., Cañón Rodríguez, R., & Grande de Prado, M. (2016). Brecha digital: impacto en el desarrollo social y personal. Factores asociados.


Quintanilla Cárdenas, H. E. (2017). Plan estratégico de gobierno electrónico de la Oficina de Normalización Previsional ONP 2017-2019.


Ricardo, C., Cervantes, M., Valencia, J., & Mizuno, J. (2018). Colombian elders and their use of handheld digital devices. Frontiers in psychology, 9, 2009.


Bastos, C. D. F. A. D. (2018). Demasiado velho para o digital? Envelhecimento ativo e os usos das TIC por pessoas mais velhas no Brasil e em Portugal.



Альтернативные метрики

Как процитировать

Peral-Peral, B., Arenas-Gaitán, J., & Villarejo-Ramos, . (2015). From digital divide to psycho-digital divide: Elders and online social networks. [De la brecha digital a la brecha psico-digital: Mayores y redes sociales]. Comunicar, 45, 57-64. https://doi.org/10.3916/C45-2015-06



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