青少年的情绪智力和网友施暴:作为调节因子的性别

关键词

情绪智力,网络霸凌,施暴,青少年,情绪管控,性别,网络施暴和社会情绪能力

摘要

阐释可以防止网络霸凌施暴的有害心理影响的人为因素或能为指导更有效的屏蔽保护和学校介入带来帮助。我们尚无研究来探讨情绪智力(EI)及性别在青少年网络霸凌中的伤害所起的作用,以及这些维度如何在揭示网络施暴经验中进行互动。本研究的主要目的在于分析情绪智力和网络施暴之间的关系,以及作为网络施暴预测因子的有关EI技能和性别之间的互动链接,我们的样本由1,645名(50.6%女性)年龄在12~18岁的西班牙青少年组成。在网络施暴的普遍性方面,我们的结果指示,超过83.95%的样本被认为是非网络受害者,而16.05%的人偶尔遭受过网络施暴,或经历过严重的网络施暴。此外,研究结果指示,情绪智力及其维度的缺失显著地关联着,不论性别,但在女性中体现更甚。另外,在解释网络施暴经验中,我们发现了X世代的一个重要的情绪管控关联。我们在男性中没有发现什么互动,而对于女性,情绪管控不足与更大的施暴有重要的联系。我们的研究结果为与EI技能、性别和网络施暴相关的理论工作提供了经验性支持,启示着情绪管控技能可以被看作珍贵的资源,并包含在新的性别化网络施暴保护计划中来。

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技术信息

收到: 18-09-2017

修订: 25-10-2017

公认: 14-03-2018

预印本: 15-05-2018

发布日期: 01-07-2018

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Rey, L., Quintana-Orts, C., Mérida-López, S., & Extremera, N. (2018). Emotional intelligence and peer cybervictimisation in adolescents: Gender as moderator. [Inteligencia emocional y cibervictimización en adolescentes: El género como moderador]. Comunicar, 56, 09-18. https://doi.org/10.3916/C56-2018-01

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