Palabras clave

Ciberacoso, agresión, acoso, desconexión moral, apoyo social, emociones, adolescencia, víctimas

Resumen

Las investigaciones sobre los ciberagresores son escasas. El objetivo de esta investigación ha sido conocer las variables que predicen la agresión de ciberacoso. El presente estudio examinó la relación entre las variables socio-cognitivas y emocionales con la agresión de ciberacoso. Se examinó la desconexión moral hacia el ciberacoso. Se midió también el apoyo social y las emocionales con el objetivo de conocer su relación con la participación en el ciberacoso. Participaron en el estudio 1.062 adolescentes (54% chicas) con edades entre los 12 y 19 años (M=15,20; DT=1,91), de seis Institutos de Enseñanza Secundaria de Castilla-La Mancha (España). Los resultados muestran que los estudiantes que participan en la agresión tienen niveles más elevados de cibervictimización y acoso, en comparación con sus compañeros que no agreden a través de ciberacoso. Los resultados muestran que las variables socio-cognitivas y emocionales son relevantes para entender las diferencias individuales en la participación de ciberacoso. El resultado del análisis de regresión indicó que la ciberagresión estaba positivamente asociada con la cibervictimización, la agresión cara a cara, la desconexión moral hacia el ciberacoso, el apoyo social y la satisfacción por su comportamiento. En contraste, no se asoció con emociones negativas. El género y la edad no desempeñaron un papel significativo para la predicción de la ciberagresión. Por ello, investigaciones futuras deben continuar examinando los factores predictivos asociados a la agresión del ciberacoso.

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 30-12-2017

Revisado: 31-01-2018

Aceptado: 14-03-2018

Preprint: 15-05-2018

Fecha publicación: 01-07-2018

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 32 días | Media tiempo revisión número 56: 43 días

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 74 días | Media tiempo aceptación número 56: 115 días

Tiempo de edición del preprint: 137 días | Media tiempo edición número preprint 56: 178 días

Tiempo de edición del artículo: 182 días | Media tiempo edición número 56: 223 días

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Larrañaga, E., Navarro, R., & Yubero, S. (2018). Socio-cognitive and emotional factors on perpetration of cyberbullying. [Factores socio-cognitivos y emocionales en la agresión del ciberacoso]. Comunicar, 56, 19-28. https://doi.org/10.3916/C56-2018-02

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