El diseño para el aprendizaje profundo en los medios de comunicación sociales y digitales

Designing for deep learning in the context of digital and social media

Palabras clave

Medios digitales, medios de comunicación sociales, teorías del aprendizaje, aprendizaje profundo, aprendizaje activo, inteligencia colectiva, cambio social, cultura participativa

Resumen

En la actualidad existe una nutrida controversia en relación a los medios de comunicación sociales y digitales que ha llevado, incluso, a censurar la utilización de las redes sociales y los móviles por parte de líderes en la industria tecnológica. En este sentido, la Organización Mundial para la Salud ha propuesto añadir el «desorden del juego» a su listado de enfermedades, definiéndolo como un modelo de comportamiento de juego tan severo que se impone como «preferencia sobre otros intereses». Al mismo tiempo, distintos académicos han enfatizado los aspectos positivos derivados de las redes sociales y los videojuegos. En este artículo se argumenta que es necesaria una mejor comprensión del ser humano para poder implementar lo que aquí se define como diseño para el aprendizaje profundo. El «diseño para el aprendizaje profundo» está encaminado al reconocimiento de las personas y el desarrollo de sentidos saludables, individual y colectivamente, así como la mejora, en general, del estado del mundo para todos los seres vivos, según principios de verdad, felicidad, imaginación, individualidad, diversidad y futuro. En particular, se sugieren quince características basadas en desarrollos científicos que responden a la pregunta: ¿Qué es un ser humano? Consecuentemente, propuestas vinculadas al aprendizaje y la transformación y mejora social deben ser coherentes con dichas características que permiten definir cómo las personas, en tanto que organismos biológicos y sociales, aprenden o pueden aprender óptimamente, así como cambiar para mejorar.

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 11-05-2018

Revisado: 06-06-2018

Aceptado: 01-08-2018

Preprint: 15-11-2018

Fecha publicación: 01-01-2019

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 26 días | Media tiempo revisión número 58: 41 días

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 82 días | Media tiempo aceptación número 58: 74 días

Tiempo de edición del preprint: 190 días | Media tiempo edición número preprint 58: 182 días

Tiempo de edición del artículo: 235 días | Media tiempo edición número 58: 227 días

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Gee, J., & Esteban-Guitart, M. (2019). Designing for deep learning in the context of digital and social media. [El diseño para el aprendizaje profundo en los medios de comunicación sociales y digitales]. Comunicar, 58, 9-18. https://doi.org/10.3916/C58-2019-01

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