关键词

霸凌,网络霸凌,LGBT恐惧症,性取向,流行,心理健康,同性恋恐惧症,学校暴力

摘要

霸凌和网络霸凌对青少年心理健康有着消极作用。本研究有两个目的:1)在受害者与霸凌/网络霸凌施霸者百分比上分析性倾向(异性恋与非异性恋)中可能的差别;2)对比青少年异性恋和非异性恋受害者、施霸者、网络受害者和网络施霸者的心理健康情况。参与者包括巴斯克乡村年龄在13~17岁之间(52.6%女孩,47.4男孩)的1,748名青少年,其中12.5%非异性恋,87.5异性恋,他们完成了4个评价量表。我们使用了描述性和对比性跨区段方法。结果确证:1)受害者和网络受害者所占百分比比非异性恋高出许多,但异性恋和非异性恋施霸者所占百分比与网络施霸者的相当;2)非异性恋受害者和网络受害者遭受了极具侵害性的霸凌/网络霸凌;3)非异性恋受害者和霸凌施霸者比异性恋者表现出极大的精神抑郁,社交焦虑,和精神病理性症状(躯体症状,强迫症,人际敏感症…);4)非异性恋网络受害者和网络施霸者表现出更多的抑郁状况和更多精神病理性症状,但在社交焦虑方面并未发现差异。我们讨论了家庭,学校和社会介入减少霸凌/网络霸凌并增加对不同性取向的尊重的重要性。

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技术信息

收到: 27-05-2019

修订: 09-07-2019

公认: 31-07-2019

OnlineFirst: 15-11-2019

发布日期: 01-01-2020

文章修改时间: 43 天 | 期刊编号的平均时间修订 62: 40 天

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被引用

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Elipe, P., Espelage, D. L., & Del Rey, R. (2021). Homophobic Verbal and Bullying Victimization: Overlap and Emotional Impact. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 1-12.

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Almeida, R. A. C. P. D. (2021). Bullying homofóbico no ensino superior: vivências da Comunidade LGB (Master's thesis, Universidade de Évora).

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NUR SHUHADA UMIERA, M. Z., MOHD MAZLAN, M. N., NOR AZLAN, N. D. A., ROSLI, M. A. A., IBRAHIM, M. S., & ABDUL HAMID, A. S. MENTAL HEALTH WITHIN THE LGBT COMMUNITY. Jurnal EVOLUSI, 2(2).

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Garaigordobil, M., & Larrain, E. (2020). Bullying and cyberbullying in LGBT adolescents: Prevalence and effects on mental health. [Acoso y ciberacoso en adolescentes LGTB: Prevalencia y efectos en la salud mental]. Comunicar, 62, 79-90. https://doi.org/10.3916/C62-2020-07

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