Palavras chave

Ódio cibernético, discurso de ódio, mediação parental, apoio familiar, enfrentamento, educação midiática

Resumo

Adolescentes de todo o mundo estão cada vez mais expostos ao ódio cibernético. É necessário mais conhecimento para compreender como os e as adolescentes enfrentam estas experiências. O presente estudo investigou a relação entre a mediação parental no uso de Internet e as estratégias de enfrentamento entre adolescentes centradas no problema em uma hipotética vitimização em ódio cibernético, ao mesmo tempo que se considerou o apoio familiar como mediador dessas relações. A amostra foi formada por 5.960 adolescentes entre 12 e 18 anos que preencheram questionários (M=14,94; DP=1,61; mulheres 50,7%) do Chipre, Alemanha, Grécia, Índia, Espanha, Coréia do Sul e Tailândia. Um modelo de equações estruturais foi usado para investigar a relação entre mediação parental, apoio social e enfrentamento. Os resultados mostram uma relação positiva entre a mediação parental instrutiva e o uso de estratégias de enfrentamento centradas no problema, e uma relação negativa entre a mediação parental restritiva e a capacidade dos adolescentes para enfrentar de forma adequada o ódio cibernético. Além disso, o apoio familiar moderou estas relações, incrementando a relação entre mediação instrutiva e o enfrentamento e diminuindo a relação entre mediação restritiva e enfrentamento ao ódio cibernético. Os achados enfatizam a necessidade de proporcionar informações aos pais e destacam a importância de que as famílias fomentem a habilidade dos adolescentes para enfrentar de maneira adequada o ódio cibernético.

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Technical information

Recebido: 03-09-2020

Revisado: 03-10-2020

Aceite: 16-11-2020

First Online: 15-01-2021

Data de publicação: 01-04-2021

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 30 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 67: 36 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 74 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 67: 67 dias

Tempo de edição da pré-impressão: 165 dias | Tempo médio de edição pré-impressão do número 67: 159 dias

Tempo de processamento do artigo: 210 dias | Tempo médio de processamento do número 67: 204 dias

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Wright, M.F., Wachs, S., & Gámez-Guadix, M. (2021). Youths’ coping with cyberhate: Roles of parental mediation and family support. [Jóvenes ante el ciberodio: El rol de la mediación parental y el apoyo familiar]. Comunicar, 67, 21-33. https://doi.org/10.3916/C67-2021-02

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