Palavras chave

Newsgames, discursos de ódio, refugiados, análise multimodal, gamificação, imigração

Resumo

A crise dos refugiados tem sido o terreno fértil para os discursos de ódio, difundidos nas redes sociais, que apresentam os imigrantes como um perigo e uma ameaça. Os meios de comunicação contribuem inconscientemente para a sua disseminação, embora alguns tenham reagido expandindo a sua atividade jornalística tradicional à criação de newsgames para encontrar novas formas de contrabalançar o efeito destes discursos. Esta pesquisa analisa cinco newsgames desenvolvidos por grandes veículos de comunicação a partir de em uma metodologia baseada em uma análise multimodal qualitativa (informativa e ludonarrativa). Os resultados mostram que o jogador de newsgames tem acesso a informações verdadeiras, como em outros formatos jornalísticos, mas também dispõe de outros tipos de informações mais próximas e afetivas (circunstâncias, sentimentos, laços familiares). Esses dados não aparecem isoladamente, mas sim integrados à experiência do jogo. A pesquisa conclui identificando a interação entre informação e imersão dos newsgames que compõem a amostra, bem como suas diferentes gradações: um maior controle do jogador dentro da história permite a introdução de nuances que favorecem a empatia com os refugiados. Porém, a maior liberdade na experiência de jogo nos newsgames os afasta do modelo informativo clássico e pode implicar um risco maior de distorcer as ideias que tentam defender

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Recebido: 25-09-2020

Revisado: 31-10-2020

Aceite: 16-11-2020

OnlineFirst: 15-01-2021

Data de publicação: 01-04-2021

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 36 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 67: 36 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 52 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 67: 67 dias

Tempo de edição da pré-impressão: 143 dias | Tempo médio de edição pré-impressão do número 67: 159 dias

Tempo de processamento do artigo: 188 dias | Tempo médio de processamento do número 67: 204 dias

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Gómez-García, S., Paz-Rebollo, M., & Cabeza-San-Deogracias, J. (2021). Newsgames against hate speech in the refugee crisis. [Newsgames frente a los discursos del odio en la crisis de los refugiados]. Comunicar, 67, 123-133. https://doi.org/10.3916/C67-2021-10

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