Palavras chave

Desinformação, notícias falsas, alfabetização midiática, alfabetização informacional, alfabetização digital, modelo educacional

Resumo

O problema da desinformação é uma ameaça aos sistemas democráticos. É um fenômeno global que deve ser abordado a partir de múltiplas perspectivas, sendo a pedagógica uma das mais relevantes e, portanto, é necessário saber quais modelos didáticos têm sido desenvolvidos para empoderar os cidadãos diante da desinformação. Uma revisão sistemática da literatura (2011-2020) foi realizada sob o protocolo PRISMA e artigos de pesquisa (n = 76) extraídos de três bases de dados (Wos, Scopus e ERIC) foram analisados. A análise foi realizada com o apoio de gestores bibliográficos e text mining. Oito perguntas de pesquisa são respondidas sobre o quadro conceitual, as características documentais e a dimensão pedagógica. A análise documental oferece uma visão do papel das múltiplas alfabetizações na pesquisa educacional sobre o fenômeno da desinformação, destacando a relevância da “alfabetização midiática” e da “informacional”, bem como o surgimento da “alfabetização jornalística” e nos “dados”. A necessidade de adotar abordagens interdisciplinares é evidente. Em relação aos resultados educacionais, são identificadas três abordagens pedagógicas: estratégias de competência, com foco no conteúdo e educação para a cidadania. As práticas pedagógicas mais frequentes são a realização de oficinas e a elaboração de planos didáticos. O desenvolvimento do pensamento crítico, as experiências de co-construção do conhecimento e os valores da educação cívica são fundamentais para combater a desinformação.

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Technical information

Recebido: 27-05-2021

Revisado: 17-06-2021

Aceite: 15-07-2021

OnlineFirst: 15-10-2021

Data de publicação: 01-01-2022

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 21 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 70: 35 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 49 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 70: 66 dias

Tempo de edição da pré-impressão: 174 dias | Tempo médio de edição pré-impressão do número 70: 191 dias

Tempo de processamento do artigo: 219 dias | Tempo médio de processamento do número 70: 236 dias

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Garcia-Marin, D and Salvat-Martinrey, G. Viralizing the truth: predictive factors of fact-checkers' engagement on TikTok PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION 31 (2), 2022.

https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2022.mar.10

Citas em Scopus

García-Marín, D. . Viralizing the truth: Predictive factors of fact-checkers’ engagement on TikTok | [Viralizar la verdad. Factores predictivos del engagement en el contenido verificado en TikTok]), Profesional de la Informacion, .

https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2022.mar.10

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García-Marín, D., & Salvat-Martinrey, G. (2022). Viralizar la verdad. Factores predictivos del engagement en el contenido verificado en TikTok. Profesional de la Información, 31(2).

https://revista.profesionaldelainformacion.com/index.php/EPI/article/view/86729

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Valverde-Berrocoso, J., González-Fernández, A., & Acevedo-Borrega, J. (2022). Disinformation and multiliteracy: A systematic review of the literature. [Desinformación y multialfabetización: Una revisión sistemática de la literatura]. Comunicar, 70, 97-110. https://doi.org/10.3916/C70-2022-08

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