Ключевые слова

Разжигание ненависти, киберненависть, мотивы, социальные нормы, запретительные нормы, давление со стороны сверстников

Резюме

Разжигание ненависти стало широко распространенным явлением. Однако до сих пор остается неясным, почему подростки занимаются разжиганием ненависти и какие факторы связаны с мотивацией к их совершению. С этой целью мы разработали многомерный инструмент "Шкала мотивации к осуществлению пропаганды ненависти" (MHATE) и оценили его психометрические свойства. Мы также исследовали ассоциации между социальными нормами и мотивацией к разжиганию ненависти. Выборка состояла из 346 подростков (54,6% из них мальчиков; медиана=14; SD=0,96), которые совершали призывы к ненависти. Анализ показал хорошие психометрические свойства MHATE, включая адекватную внутреннюю консистенцию. Подшкала с наибольшей частотой встречаемости - месть, за ней следуют идеология, соответствие группе, повышение статуса, насмешка и власть. Описательные нормы и давление со стороны сверстников были связаны с различными мотивами для совершения призывов к ненависти. Предписательные нормы, однако, были связаны только с властью. В заключение, полученные данные свидетельствуют о том, что разжигание ненависти выполняет несколько функций. Знание конкретных мотивов разжигания ненависти помогает разработать индивидуально подобранные стратегии вмешательства (например, управление гневом, содействие созданию инклюзивного школьного климата). Кроме того, мы предлагаем специалистам, работающим над профилактикой разжигания ненависти, обратить особое внимание на социальные нормы, окружающие подростков.

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Техническая спецификация

Получила: 22-09-2021

пересмотренный: 09-11-2021

Принятый: 03-12-2021

OnlineFirst: 01-02-2022

Дата публикации: 01-04-2022

Время пересмотра статьи: 48 дней | Среднее время пересмотра вопроса 71: 45 дней

Время принятия статьи: 72 дней | Время приема Номер 71: 70 дней

Время редактирования препринта: 146 дней | Выпуск препринта среднего времени редактирования 71: 144 дней

Время редактирования статьи: 191 дней | Среднее время редактирования журнала 71: 189 дней

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Adolescents' motivations to perpetrate hate speech and links with social norms S Wachs, A Wettstein, L Bilz, M Gámez-Guadix - Comunicar, 2022 - eprints.rclis.org

http://eprints.rclis.org/42980/

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Wachs, S., WeJEtstein, A., Bilz, L., & Gámez-Guadix, M. (2022). Adolescents’ motivations to perpetrate hate speech and links with social norms. [Motivos del discurso de odio en la adolescencia y su relación con las normas sociales]. Comunicar, 71, 9-20. https://doi.org/10.3916/C71-2022-01

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