关键词

移民、难民、态度、仇恨言论、大数据、推特

摘要

针对弱势群体的仇恨言论被认为是欧盟内部影响融合和尊重社会多样性的一个严重问题。社交网络的扩张助长了此类言论的发展,其表明了社交媒体是传播针对以移民和难民为主要目标受害群体的犯罪的机制。出于这个原因,我们通过研究仇恨言论的存在,开展了第一个关于移民和难民的社会接受度的欧洲研究。本研究基于群际接触理论和中介群际接触理论,对推特上的在线仇恨言论(N=847,978)进行大规模纵向分析(2015-2020 年),并与现有官方指标进行对比。结果表明,个人群体间的接触与当地人对移民和难民的支持呈正相关,但有中介的群体间接触与仇恨言论的减少无关。研究证据表明,在那些对外国人的支持度较高的地区,推特上的仇恨言论水平较低。这代表了按地区研究仇恨言论的进步,有助于提出行动策略。

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技术信息

收到: 04-10-2021

修订: 22-11-2021

公认: 03-12-2021

OnlineFirst: 01-02-2022

发布日期: 01-04-2022

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Arcila-Calderón, C., Sánchez-Holgado, P., Quintana-Moreno, C., Amores, J., & Blanco-Herrero, D. (2022). Hate speech and social acceptance of migrants in Europe: Analysis of tweets with geolocation. [Discurso de odio y aceptación social hacia migrantes en Europa: Análisis de tuits con geolocalización]. Comunicar, 71, 21-35. https://doi.org/10.3916/C71-2022-02

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