关键词

媒体素养,反身性,批判性思维,假新闻,虚假信息,核查

摘要

数字化发展导致虚假新闻和错误信息的数量和速度不断增加。本文我们将个人对错误信息和虚假新闻的积极回应能力。作者基于Archer反身性的理论框架及其模式 ,认为一种特定的反身模式,即元反身,可以使自己与媒体的信息保持恰好的距离。其中包括反身性测量工具(RMT)以定量得分的形式对反身性进行近似评估。研究在斯洛文尼亚进行了一个具有代表性的国家样本的调查,通过轨迹分析确定了其人口统计学特征,媒体曝光,反身性和事实核对之间的关系。结果显示,就个人接触特定类型的媒体而言,年龄和教育程度会影响其媒体偏好。年轻人,妇女和受过高等教育的人更具元反身性,这有助于他们积极应对错误信息。最后的结论得出,元反身性是必要的,但不足以产生个人对媒体信息的积极反应。因此需要对媒体的事实和教育进行专业核查的机构 。

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技术信息

收到: 30-03-2020

修订: 21-04-2020

公认: 03-07-2020

OnlineFirst: 15-11-2020

发布日期: 01-01-2021

文章修改时间: 22 天 | 期刊编号的平均时间修订 66: 16 天

文章接受时间: 95 天 | 期刊编号的平均接受时间 66: 51 天

预印本编辑时间: 232 天 | 期刊编号的平均编辑时间预印 66: 193 天

文章编辑时间: 277 天 | 期刊编号的平均编辑时间 66: 238 天

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被引用

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Golob, T., Makarovič, M., & Rek, M. (2021). Meta-reflexivity for resilience against disinformation. [Meta-reflexividad para la resiliencia contra la desinformación]. Comunicar, 66, 107-118. https://doi.org/10.3916/C66-2021-09

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