Palabras clave

Victimización, cibervictimización, ciberacoso, autoestima, ansiedad social, adolescencia

Resumen

Este trabajo parte de dos objetivos: 1) Identificar perfiles de victimización en la adolescencia, en función del grado de padecimiento de violencia offline u online por parte de sus iguales, así como la prevalencia de cada perfil; 2) Analizar la asociación de los perfiles de victimización obtenidos con la ansiedad social y la autoestima del adolescente. Para ello, se aplicaron cuestionarios de autoinforme sobre victimización tradicional entre iguales, cibervictimización, ansiedad social y autoestima a 3.120 adolescentes de Asturias (España), de 12 a 18 años (M=14.03; DT=1.40). Se realizaron análisis descriptivos, análisis de perfil latente y análisis multivariado de la varianza. Se obtuvo una correlación positiva y moderada entre ser cibervíctima y ser víctima de violencia tradicional; y una tipología de cuatro perfiles: no víctimas (77,8%), principalmente cibervictimas (13,5%), principalmente víctimas de violencia tradicional (4,5%) y víctimas duales (4,3%). Cuanto mayor es el nivel de victimización, mayor la ansiedad social y menor la autoestima, siendo más fuerte esta asociación con la victimización tradicional que con la cibervictimización. Tanto las víctimas tradicionales como las duales presentan una mayor ansiedad social y una menor autoestima que las cibervíctimas, y estas que las no víctimas. Víctimas duales y tradicionales no difieren en ansiedad social y autoestima. Los resultados obtenidos contribuyen a identificar patrones de victimización en la adolescencia, y su relación con la ansiedad social y la autoestima.

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 22-09-2020

Revisado: 23-10-2020

Aceptado: 16-11-2020

First Online: 15-01-2021

Fecha publicación: 01-04-2021

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 31 días | Media tiempo revisión número 67: 36 días

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 55 días | Media tiempo aceptación número 67: 67 días

Tiempo de edición del preprint: 146 días | Media tiempo edición número preprint 67: 159 días

Tiempo de edición del artículo: 191 días | Media tiempo edición número 67: 204 días

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Núñez, A., Álvarez-García, D., & Pérez-Fuentes, M. (2021). Anxiety and self-esteem in cyber-victimization profiles of adolescents. [Ansiedad y autoestima en los perfiles de cibervictimización de los adolescentes]. Comunicar, 67. https://doi.org/10.3916/C67-2021-04

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