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Revista Comunicar 66: Escuelas públicas para la transformación en la Sociedad del Conocimiento (Vol. 29 - 2021)

El reto de la enseñanza dialógica inclusiva en la escuela pública secundaria

The challenge of inclusive dialogic teaching in public secondary school

https://doi.org/10.3916/C66-2021-02

Chrysi Rapanta

Mercè Garcia-Mila

Ana Remesal

Cláudia Gonçalves

Abstract

El reto de promover escuelas públicas más inclusivas que aborden las necesidades de la Sociedad del Conocimiento del siglo XXI es importante. En este artículo nos centramos en la inclusión como un proceso de diálogo que tanto docentes como estudiantes deben adoptar y desarrollar por igual en las aulas. La idea de la enseñanza dialógica inclusiva se explica y operacionaliza en un currículo dialógico inclusivo centrado en las disposiciones de alfabetización cultural. En este estudio, que forma parte de un proyecto europeo de varios países, ocho docentes de secundaria españoles y portugueses y sus estudiantes participaron en ocho sesiones que implementan planes de lecciones dialógicas. El profesorado asistió a dos sesiones de desarrollo profesional, una al comienzo del proyecto y otra más adelante. Los datos del discurso en el aula de las sesiones n.º 3 y n.º 8 se recopilaron y analizaron utilizando un protocolo de codificación validado. Los resultados muestran una ligera mejora en la dialogicidad de la sesión n.º 3 a la sesión n.º 8 con una resistencia persistente de los docentes para ser más acumulativos en su discurso. Estos hallazgos confirman el trabajo previo que muestra que la enseñanza dialógica se desarrolla gradualmente e incluso cuando la postura del profesorado pasa a ser más inclusiva y atractiva para el alumnado, este cambio no representa necesariamente un cambio radical en los métodos de enseñanza centrados en el alumnado.

The challenge of creating more inclusive public schools addressing the needs of the 21st century Knowledge Society is a major one. In this paper, we focus on inclusion as a dialogical process to be adopted and developed by teachers and students alike in any classroom. The idea of inclusive dialogic teaching is explained and operationalised in an inclusive dialogic curriculum focusing on cultural literacy learning dispositions. In this study, which is part of a multi-country European project, eight Spanish and Portuguese secondary school teachers and their students participated in eight sessions performing dialogic lesson plans. Teachers attended two professional development sessions, one at the beginning of the project and another one later on. Classroom discourse data from sessions #3 and #8 were collected and analyzed using a pre-constructed coding scheme. The findings show a slight improvement in dialogicity from session #3 to session #8 with a persisting resistance from teachers to be more cumulative in their discourse. These findings confirm previous work showing that dialogic teaching is acquired gradually, and even when there are changes in teachers’ stance being more inclusive and inviting towards students, these changes do not necessarily represent a radical shift in the teaching methods towards being more student-centered.

Keywords

Enseñanza dialógica, educación inclusiva, escuela secundaria, práctica docente, desarrollo profesional docente, diálogo

Dialogic teaching, inclusive education, secondary school, teaching practice, teaching professional development, dialogue

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