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Revista Comunicar 68: Redes, movimientos sociales y sus mitos en un mundo hiperconectado (Vol. 29 - 2021)

Flipped learning y buenas prácticas docentes en educación secundaria

Flipped learning and good teaching practices in secondary education

https://doi.org/10.3916/C68-2021-09

Antonio-José Moreno-Guerrero

Rebeca Soler-Costa

José-Antonio Marín-Marín

Jesús López-Belmonte

Abstract

El flipped learning se considera un método didáctico en el que el docente requiere de una serie de competencias para su aplicación. El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar las capacidades para desarrollar buenas prácticas sobre flipped learning en docentes españoles de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria (ESO) y descubrir los factores que influyen en el desarrollo de buenas prácticas en dichos docentes. El método de investigación se fundamenta en una metodología cuantitativa, con un diseño de tipo descriptivo y correlacional. En el estudio participaron 1.743 docentes del territorio español. El instrumento usado es el cuestionario Flipped Classroom Teacher Scale (FCTS). Los resultados muestran que menos de la mitad de los docentes encuestados revelan competencias para desarrollar de forma adecuada una metodología fundamentada en el flipped learning, concretamente 758 docentes, donde la edad, el uso de las tecnologías de la información y comunicación (TIC) en el ámbito educativo, el tiempo de uso de las mismas en el ámbito personal, el número de dispositivos y la experiencia docente influyen en la aplicación del método. Se concluye que existe una relación lineal entre el apoyo institucional, la autoeficacia tecnológica, las creencias docentes y las estrategias de enseñanza para el desarrollo de buenas prácticas con flipped learning en el profesorado analizado, por lo que se postulan como factores condicionantes.

Flipped learning is a didactic method that requires the teacher to have a series of competences for its application. The aim of this research is to analyse the abilities of Spanish teachers of Compulsory Secondary Education (CSE) to develop good practices in flipped learning and to discover the factors which influence the development of good practices in these teachers. The research method is based on a quantitative methodology with a descriptive and correlational design. A total of 1,743 teachers in Spain participated in the study. The instrument used was the Flipped Classroom Teacher Scale (FCTS) questionnaire. The results show that 758 teachers, less than half the teachers surveyed, show competences to adequately develop a methodology based on flipped learning, where age, use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in education, time spent using them in the personal sphere, number of devices and teaching experience have an influence on the application of the method. The conclusion reached is that there is a linear relationship between institutional support, technological self-efficacy, teaching beliefs and teaching strategies for the development of good practices in flipped learning in the teachers analysed, so these factors are postulated as conditioning factors.

Keywords

Flipped learning, TIC, innovación docente, métodos de enseñanza, investigación educativa, análisis cuantitativo

Flipped learning, ICT, teaching innovation, teaching methods, educational research, quantitative analysis

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