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Revista Comunicar 69: Participación ciudadana en la esfera digital (Vol. 29 - 2021)

Creatividad digital para transformar el aprendizaje: Empoderamiento desde un enfoque com-educativo

Digital creativity to transform learning: Empowerment from a com-educational approach

https://doi.org/10.3916/C69-2021-09

Iván Sánchez-López

Mónica Bonilla-del-Río

Ismar Oliveira Soares

Abstract

Los usos mediáticos cotidianos de toda una generación evidencian la distancia que existe entre la realidad que vive la juventud y las instituciones responsables de su formación. La educación formal sigue estrechamente vinculada al rol pasivo de los receptores literarios, obviándose el potencial de la comunicación conectada y la narrativa digital para el empoderamiento del alumnado. Al mismo tiempo, se está produciendo un interés creciente desde el ámbito mediático profesional por la educación. A esta línea de fuerza la hemos denominado vector com-educativo. En esta investigación, tenemos como objetivo describir potencialidades para favorecer el empoderamiento de los jóvenes desde una perspectiva com-educativa. La metodología implementada combina, en una articulación encadenada, el análisis del discurso multimodal de plataformas de carácter com-educativo con entrevistas a observadores privilegiados. En los resultados se explicita que la implementación de la creación digital se puede emplear para la construcción de la identidad, la interacción y la sociabilización del alumnado a través de la emoción, la empatía y la capacidad de transformación. Permite establecer nodos entre conceptos, la comprensión relacional, la reconstrucción significativa y su apropiación. Se concluye que, bajo esta propuesta, las instituciones de educación formal podrían transitar de un modelo reactivo a un modelo prospectivo, revisando los códigos de emisión y recepción, y proponiendo significados desde la acción creativa y la retroalimentación con la comunidad.

Daily media use by an entire generation shows the distance that exists between the reality experienced by young people and the institutions responsible for their education. Formal education is still closely linked to the passive role of literary receivers, ignoring the potential of connected communication for student empowerment. At the same time, there is a growing interest in education from the professional media field. We have called this line of force the com-educational vector. In this study, we aim to describe the potential of a com-educational perspective to favor the empowerment of young people. The implemented methodology combines a chained articulation involving the analysis of multimodal discourse of com-educational platforms with interviews with privileged observers. The results show that the implementation of digital creation can be used for the construction of identity, interaction and socialization of students through emotion, empathy and the capacity for transformation. It enables the establishment of nodes between concepts, relational understanding, meaningful reconstruction and appropriation. It is concluded that, under this proposal, formal education institutions could move from a reactive model to a prospective model, revising the codes of emission and reception, and proposing meanings from creative action and feedback with the community.

Keywords

Alfabetización mediática, educomunicación, escuela, educación, medios digitales, jóvenes

Media literacy, educommunication, school, education, digital media, young people

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