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Revista Comunicar 71: Discursos de odio en comunicación: Investigaciones y propuestas (Vol. 30 - 2022)

Desarrollo profesional de maestros de educación especial a través de la narración digital

Special Education Teacher’s professional development through digital storytelling

https://doi.org/10.3916/C71-2022-07

Ozgur Yasar-Akyar

Cinthia Rosa-Feliz

Solomon Sunday-Oyelere

Darwin Muñoz

Gıyasettin Demirhan

Abstract

Este artículo presenta los resultados de un estudio exploratorio de la forma en que los maestros de educación especial comprenden que las narrativas digitales, basadas en talleres, mejorarían el desarrollo profesional en relación con la educación inclusiva. El estudio evalúa la usabilidad de la plataforma Smart Ecosystem for Learning and Inclusion (SELI) para apoyar a los docentes durante el proceso de narración digital basada en talleres. Utilizamos un enfoque de diseño de investigación de método mixto paralelo convergente con 47 profesores de secundaria que trabajan con personas discapacitadas en la República Dominicana. Los resultados de este estudio indicaron que la plataforma de aprendizaje inteligente SELI había demostrado una buena usabilidad para apoyar a los docentes durante el proceso pedagógico de la narración digital basada en talleres. Además, surgen dos temas sobre cómo la narración digital basada en talleres puede contribuir al desarrollo profesional de los docentes para promover la educación inclusiva. Los temas resultantes son la expresión, la escucha y el aprendizaje a través de la narración digital; e impulsar el cambio con la narración digital para crear entornos más inclusivos. Los maestros fueron optimistas respecto a la implementaión de narrativas digitales. Además, los maestros reflexionaron en términos del potencial impacto de las narrativas digitales en inclusión en el aula, como promotoras del cambio, construyendo aprendizaje significativo y promoviendo una práctica influyente.

This research presents the results of an exploration of special education teachers' understanding of how their participation in workshop-based digital storytelling (DST) would enhance their professional development concerning inclusive education. This study evaluates the usability of the Smart Ecosystem for Learning and Inclusion (SELI) platform for supporting teachers during the workshop-based digital storytelling process. We used a convergent parallel mixed-method research design approach with 47 secondary school teachers working with disabled people in the Dominican Republic. The results of this study indicated that the SELI smart learning platform had shown good usability in supporting teachers during the workshop-based digital storytelling pedagogical process. Besides, two themes emerge regarding how workshop-based digital storytelling can contribute to teacher professional development for promoting inclusive education. The resulting themes are expressing, listening, and learning through digital storytelling; and driving change with digital storytelling to create more inclusive environments. Teachers who participated in the interviews were optimistic about DST implementation. They expressed that the workshop worked for multiple ways of expression, listening from and connecting with other stories, and learning through DST. Moreover, teachers could reflect their idea about using DST in terms of its potential impact on inclusion in the classrooms for driving change, building meaningful learning, and influential practice when used in the classroom.

Keywords

Desarrollo profesional, formación del profesorado, TIC, educación inclusiva, Narración digital, necesidades educativas especiales

Professional development, teacher training, ICT, inclusive education, digital storytelling, special education needs

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