Comunicar Journal Blog

The role of journalists in the face of political and economic pressures



Post written by Laura López Romero and translated by Daniela Jaramillo-Dent

In a context of political and economic turmoil, the gap between the work of journalists and the interests of large corporations is a heated ethical conflict. This is the basis of this article published in Comunicar 58, under the title “Conflicts in the professional roles of journalists in Spain: Ideals and practice”, written by professors Sergio Roses, from the University of Malaga, and María Luisa Humanes, from the University Rey Juan Carlos, in Madrid.

The methodology for this research is based on the results of a survey conducted between 2015 and 2016 with 122 journalists from four Spanish newspapers, in order to examine the extent to which these professionals perceive a gap between ideals and their implementation, and the most “conflictive” roles in the context of a polarized media system.

According to the researchers, “this study is the first to systematically and empirically assess the conflict of journalistic roles in press communicators in Spain, quantifying the magnitude of the perceived gap between ideals and journalistic practice.”

Some of the main conclusions reached by the study are that the confrontations were always resolved to the detriment of journalists’ ideals, which reflect the greatest gaps in the watchdog role -reducing control to power-, in the disseminating role -minimizing impartiality-, in the civic role -discouraging its role as a social catalyst- and in the role of services, reducing its capacity to advise in everyday matters.

The largest gap is perceived by journalists in the surveillance role of economic and political powers. “Professionals claim that they implemented less than the watchdog role would like. Similarly, they claim that they were forced to write information favorable to the image of political and economic leaders – a role that favors the status quo – more often than their ideals would dictate. Meanwhile, the infotainment role, has been promoted encouraging entertainment.

Roses, S.  & Humanes-Humanes, M.L. (2019). Conflicts in the professional roles of journalists in Spain: Ideals and practice. [Conflictos en los roles profesionales de los periodistas en España: Ideales y práctica]. Comunicar, 58, 65-74. DOI: 

Photo by Bank Phrom on Unsplash

Motivation Through Twitter


Posted on July 29, 2019 by @Ana_Almansa Translated by Daniela Jaramillo-Dent

Rereading in issue 58 of Revista Comunicar, I discovered an article that, as an educator, interested me greatly, because it confirmed a lot of my perceptions. I am referring to the article “Exploring the influence of the teacher: Social participation on Twitter and academic perception.”

After extensive research, UNED professor and researcher Sonia Santoveña and Professor Cesar Bernal from University Rey Juan Carlos have found that Twitter is an extraordinary tool to stimulate motivation. They conclude that “students have placed a high value on Twitter as a means of communicating and interacting, contradicting other research that has highlighted the scarce conversations recorded on the Net (Arrabal, & de Aguilera, 2016) and the tendency to develop monologues rather than dialogues (Santoveña-Casal, 2017). The social network can be considered an environment that facilitates the adoption of new educational models based on connected learning and social participation, aspects highlighted by Jenkins (2012) and Gee (2004) as fundamental in the networked society.”

They also found that the role of the teacher, in the eyes of the student, is not influential in the perception of affiliation, belonging, but that the relationship between students is determinant. Therefore, the researchers consider that “it is likely that adopting a more passive role, leaving free space for interaction between students is a more appropriate methodology for learning in social networks.

As noted, this text is very useful for those of us who are dedicated to teaching, since it gives us many clues as to what we can and should not do when we prepare our classes.

How to cite the article: 

Santoveña-Casal, S. y Bernal-Bravo, C. (2019). Exploring the influence of the teacher: Social participation on Twitter and academic perception. [Explorando la influencia del docente: Participación social en Twitter y percepción académica]. Comunicar, 58, 75-84. DOI

Photo by Samuel Zeller on Unsplash


Technologies and Second Languages (preprints)

We are very pleased that the preprints of our thematic proposal “Technologies and Second Languages” have now been published. It has been a very hard selection and edition as manuscripts arrived from all over the world. The final print and online version won’t be till the 1st. January 2017.


In the meanwhile, you may enjoy

Buyse, Kris and Fonseca Mora, M.C. (Thematic editors, 2016 preprints). Technologies and Second languages, Comunicar 50 (1)


Seamless Language Learning: Second Language Learning with Social Media/Aprendizaje de idiomas «sin costuras»: Aprendizaje de segundas lenguas y redes socialesLung-Hsiang Wong, Ching Sing-Chai & Guat Poh-Aw. Nanyang (Singapore) DOI:10.3916/C50-2017-01

Original Language Subtitles: Their Effects on the Native and Foreign Viewer/Subtítulos en lengua original: sus efectos en el espectador nativo y extranjero Jan-Louis Kruger, Stephen Doherty & María T. Soto-Sanfiel. Sidney & Barcelona (Australia & Spain) DOI:10.3916/C50-2017-02

Teachers’ Use of ICTs in Public Language Education: Evidence from Second Language Secondary-school Classrooms/La enseñanza de lenguas extranjeras y el empleo de las TIC en las escuelas secundarias públicas Jesús Izquierdo, Verónica de-la-Cruz-Villegas, Silvia-Patricia Aquino-Zúñiga, María-del-Carmen Sandoval-Caraveo & Verónica García Martínez. Ciudad de Villahermosa (Mexico) DOI:10.3916/C50-2017-03

Mobile Instant Messaging: Whatsapp and its Potential to Develop Oral Skills/Mensajería instantánea móvil: Whatsapp y su potencial para desarrollar las destrezas oralesAlberto Andújar-Vaca & Maria-Soledad Cruz-Martínez. Almería (Spain) DOI:10.3916/C50-2017-04

The tablet for Second Language Vocabulary Learning: Keyboard, Stylus or Multiple Choice/La tablet para el aprendizaje de vocabulario en segundas lenguas: teclado, lápiz digital u opción múltiple Stephanie Van-Hove, Ellen Vanderhoven & Frederik Cornillie. Gante & Lovaina (Belgium)