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Programa «Asegúrate»: Efectos en ciberagresión y sus factores de riesgo

'Asegúrate' Program: Effects on cyber-aggression and its risk factors

Palabras clave

Ciberagresión, ciberacoso, sexting, abuso, redes sociales, intervención, evaluación, impacto

Resumen

La intervención contra el ciberacoso entre escolares y otros riesgos asociados al uso inapropiado de las TIC y las redes sociales, es una importante demanda social. El programa «Asegúrate» pretende facilitar la labor docente en dicha intervención. El presente trabajo da cuenta del impacto de este programa entre quienes han mostrado ser menos sensibles en otros programas: los ciberagresores. Concretamente, se analiza su impacto en la prevalencia de agresión en ciberacoso y acoso escolar, así como en sexting y uso abusivo de Internet y redes sociales. La evaluación del programa se desarrolló con un total de 479 estudiantes (54,9% chicas) de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria (edad M=13,83. DT=1,40) mediante una metodología cuasi-experimental, con dos mediciones a lo largo del tiempo. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron el «European Cyberbullying Intervention Project Questionnaire», el «European Bullying Intervention Project Questionnaire», el «Cuestionario de Experiencias Relacionadas con Internet» y dos ítems sobre implicación en sexting. Los resultados muestran que, en ausencia de intervención, la implicación en ciberagresión, sexting y la dimensión intrapersonal del uso abusivo de Internet y redes sociales aumenta mientras que, con intervención, dichas implicaciones disminuyen. Asimismo, se evidencia una disminución significativa de la intensidad de la agresión y ciberagresión en ciberagresores. Por tanto, se puede afirmar que el programa resulta efectivo tanto para disminuir la prevalencia de agresiones y ciberagresiones como la implicación en otros fenómenos considerados factores de riesgo del ciberacoso.

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 30-12-2017

Revisado: 01-02-2018

Aceptado: 14-03-2018

Preprint: 15-05-2018

Fecha publicación: 01-07-2018

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 33 días | Media tiempo revisión número 56: 43 días

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 74 días | Media tiempo aceptación número 56: 115 días

Tiempo de edición del preprint: 137 días | Media tiempo edición número preprint 56: 178 días

Tiempo de edición del artículo: 182 días | Media tiempo edición número 56: 223 días

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del-Rey, R., Mora-Merchán, J., Casas, J., Ortega-Ruiz, R., & Elipe, P. (2018). 'Asegúrate' Program: Effects on cyber-aggression and its risk factors. [Programa «Asegúrate»: Efectos en ciberagresión y sus factores de riesgo]. Comunicar, 56, 39-48. https://doi.org/10.3916/C56-2018-04

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