Palabras clave

Educación infantil, robótica, pensamiento computacional, innovación pedagógica, desarrollo de habilidades, pensamiento creativo, aprendizaje activo, análisis cuantitativo

Resumen

Actualmente se promueve el desarrollo de habilidades de programación desde una edad escolar temprana, tratando de que los niños adquieran un rol activo y creativo en el uso de las tecnologías. El objetivo de este trabajo es comprobar la repercusión del desarrollo de actividades de robótica educativa en la adquisición de habilidades de pensamiento computacional y programación en escolares de educación infantil. El diseño de la investigación es de tipo cuasi-experimental, con medidas pretest y postest, utilizando grupo experimental y control. La muestra la conforman 131 estudiantes del segundo ciclo de educación infantil (entre 3 y 6 años de edad) de un centro educativo español. El pensamiento computacional se mide a través de tres dimensiones: secuencias (algoritmos), correspondencia acción-instrucción y depuración. Las sesiones de intervención, así como la estructura de los retos que se utilizaron en las evaluaciones pre y postest fueron diseñadas tomando como base el programa de estudios en robótica denominado «TangibleK». La intervención, centrada en actividades de aprendizaje mediante recursos de robótica educativa, presenta resultados positivos en relación a las habilidades de pensamiento computacional logradas. Las diferencias encontradas entre el pre y postest en el grupo experimental son estadísticamente significativas y superiores a las presentadas en el grupo control, de modo que se concluye que los niños que realizan el programa de robótica consiguen un mayor avance en las tres dimensiones de la competencia computacional.

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 10-06-2018

Revisado: 02-09-2018

Aceptado: 28-11-2018

OnlineFirst: 15-02-2019

Fecha publicación: 01-04-2019

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 84 (en días) | Media de tiempo de revisión de los manuscritos del número 59: 48 (en días)

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 171 (en días) | Media tiempo aceptación de los manuscritos del número 59: 98 (en días)

Tiempo de edición OnlineFirst: 250 (en días) | Media tiempo edición de los OnlineFirst del número 59: 178 (en días)

Tiempo de publicacicón final del artículo: 295 (en días) | Media tiempo de publicación final de los articulos del número 59: 223 (en días)

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García-Valcárcel-Muñoz-Repiso, A., & Caballero-González, Y. (2019). Robotics to develop computational thinking in early Childhood Education. [Robótica para desarrollar el pensamiento computacional en Educación Infantil]. Comunicar, 59, 63-72. https://doi.org/10.3916/C59-2019-06

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