关键词

神经教育、学习模式、眼动追踪、个性化学习、聚类分析、教育技术

摘要

神经技术的进步为了解在教育环境中学生个体的学习方式提供了新的见解。然而,该技术的应用对在自然环境中的教学提出了挑战。本文介绍了眼动追踪技术在高等教育领域的使用和适用性示例。我们与来自三所大学(西班牙的布尔戈斯和巴利亚多利德以及葡萄牙的米尼奥)的 20 名学生一起工作。目标是:1) 确定在有无先验知识的学生之间使用眼动追踪技术发现的认知努力指标(FC、FD、SC、PD、VC)是否存在显着差异; 2)判断学生之间是否存在学习行为模式的集群; 3)分析行为模式可视化的差异。我们使用了没有对照组的准实验设计和描述性设计。结果表明,有和没有先验知识的学生在学习成果方面存在显着差异。此外,研究在认知努力指标中发现了两种类型的集群。最后,我们对集群 1 和集群 2学生的学习行为模式进行了比较分析。眼动追踪技术的使用使得记录有关学习过程的大量数据成为可能。然而,目前它在自然教育环境中的使用需要教师具备技术和数据挖掘知识。

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收到: 10-12-2022

修订: 11-01-2023

公认: 23-02-2023

OnlineFirst: 30-05-2023

发布日期: 01-07-2023

文章修改时间: 32 天 | 期刊编号的平均时间修订 76: -6 天

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Sáiz-Manzanares, M., Marticorena-Sánchez, R., Martín-Antón, L., Almeida, L., & Carbonero-Martín, M. (2023). Application and challenges of eye tracking technology in Higher Education. [Aplicación y retos de la tecnología de movimiento ocular en Educación Superior]. Comunicar, 76, 35-46. https://doi.org/10.3916/C76-2023-03

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