Espías y seguridad: Evaluación del impacto de vídeos animados sobre los servicios de inteligencia en escolares

Spies and security: Assessing the impact of animated videos on intelligence services in school children

Palabras clave

Actitudes, escuela, España, estereotipos, infancia, seguridad, servicio de inteligencia, vídeo

Resumen

Dar a conocer a los escolares las organizaciones de seguridad es un medio para reducir la inseguridad generada por la difusión de los atentados terroristas en los medios de comunicación y redes sociales. Mientras que hay una mayor tradición en proyectos para educar a los escolares sobre la policía y los militares, no se han encontrado proyectos análogos sobre los servicios de inteligencia. Con el objetivo de suplir esta carencia, los autores diseñaron y produjeron dos vídeos animados educativos destinados a escolares españoles sobre el servicio de inteligencia español, el Centro Nacional de Inteligencia (CNI). Este artículo mide cuál es el impacto de los vídeos en el conocimiento, los estereotipos y las actitudes de los escolares hacia el CNI. Para ello, se aplicaron dos cuestionarios a 1.092 escolares de 8 a 16 años, antes y después de la visualización de los vídeos. Los resultados previos a la visualización mostraron un conocimiento nulo, alto grado de estereotipos y actitudes moderadamente negativas hacia los servicios de inteligencia. Se comprobaron las respuestas mediante pruebas T para muestras relacionadas, a partir de las cuales se obtuvo que los vídeos modificaban el conocimiento, los estereotipos y las actitudes hacia el CNI. Específicamente, tras la visualización mejoró el conocimiento de los escolares, disminuyó el grado de estereotipos y aumentaron las actitudes positivas.

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 03-12-2017

Revisado: 28-01-2018

Aceptado: 14-03-2018

Preprint: 15-05-2018

Fecha publicación: 01-07-2018

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 56 días | Media tiempo revisión número 56: 43 días

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 101 días | Media tiempo aceptación número 56: 115 días

Tiempo de edición del preprint: 164 días | Media tiempo edición número preprint 56: 178 días

Tiempo de edición del artículo: 209 días | Media tiempo edición número 56: 223 días

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Buil-Gil, David; Gomez-Bellvis, Ana B.; Javier Castro-Toledo, Fco;. Waiting in the wings. Thoughts about the First Meeting of Early Career Researchers in Criminology INTERNATIONAL E-JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL SCIENCES , 2019.

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Buil-Gil, D., Gómez-Bellvis, A. B., & Castro-Toledo, F. J. (2019). Waiting in the wings. Thoughts about the First Meeting of Early Career Researchers in Criminology/«Waiting in the wings». Reflexiones del I Encuentro de Jóvenes Investigadores en Criminología. International E-journal of Criminal Sciences, (14).

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Gil, D. B., Bellvís, A. B. G., & Toledo, F. J. C. (2019). «Waiting in the wings»: Reflexiones del I Encuentro de Jóvenes Investigadores en Criminología. International e-journal of criminal sciences, (14), 1.

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WORKS, H. (1919). EN down. Medicine, 1, 3.

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Díaz-Fernández, A., & del-Real-Castrillo, C. (2018). Spies and security: Assessing the impact of animated videos on intelligence services in school children. [Espías y seguridad: Evaluación del impacto de vídeos animados sobre los servicios de inteligencia en escolares]. Comunicar, 56, 81-89. https://doi.org/10.3916/C56-2018-08

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