Palabras clave

Marcos mediáticos, valores noticiosos, análisis de contenido, análisis textual, vacuna COVID-19, Sputnik News

Resumen

El sitio de noticias ro.sputnik.md es la versión en lengua rumana de la plataforma web de noticias Sputnik, propiedad del gobierno ruso, uno de los principales canales utilizados por el Kremlin para difundir información errónea y desinformación a través de las fronteras rusas. La presente investigación pretende identificar en los textos mediáticos de ro.sputnik.md los marcos asociados a las vacunas anti-COVID-19 y los valores noticiosos utilizados para construir el discurso informativo sobre la vacunación. Para mapear los marcos mediáticos y las construcciones léxicas y discursivas, la investigación propone un enfoque mixto basado en el contenido, en el que el análisis automatizado del texto (frecuencia, co-ocurrencia, n-gramas) se combina con el análisis temático y del discurso. En el corpus se identifican seis marcos de énfasis (N=1.165): Superioridad de la vacuna rusa Sputnik V, efectos fatales/secundarios de las vacunas autorizadas por la UE, limitaciones de los derechos y libertades individuales, lucha de las autoridades de la ue y/o rumanía, protección de los niños/adolescentes y conspiración de las grandes farmacéuticas. Los resultados muestran que al valor noticioso de negatividad se asocian fórmulas discursivas específicas: muerte, efectos secundarios (coágulos de sangre, trombosis, coagulación), restricciones e interdicciones o advertencias (grave, riesgo, pánico), mientras que al valor noticioso de conflicto se asocian el vocabulario bélico (defensa, batalla, pólvora) y al elitismo, actores conocidos (líderes estatales, «conspiradores» famosos) y países (actores internacionales poderosos, vecinos significativos).

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 29-12-2021

Revisado: 08-02-2022

Aceptado: 02-03-2022

OnlineFirst: 15-05-2022

Fecha publicación: 01-07-2022

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 41 (en días) | Media de tiempo de revisión de los manuscritos del número 72: 31 (en días)

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 63 (en días) | Media tiempo aceptación de los manuscritos del número 72: 75 (en días)

Tiempo de edición OnlineFirst: 138 (en días) | Media tiempo edición de los OnlineFirst del número 72: 150 (en días)

Tiempo de publicacicón final del artículo: 183 (en días) | Media tiempo de publicación final de los articulos del número 72: 195 (en días)

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Mogoș, A., Grapă, T., & Șandru, T. (2022). Russian disinformation in Eastern Europe. Vaccination media frames in ro.sputnik.md. [Desinformación rusa en Europa del Este. Marcos mediáticos de la vacunación en ro.sputnik.md]. Comunicar, 72, 33-46. https://doi.org/10.3916/C72-2022-03

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