Palabras clave

Cibervictimización, identidad de género, orientación sexual, expresión de género, homonegatividad, adolescentes

Resumen

El ciberacoso es un problema con mayor frecuencia y gravedad entre las personas LGBTQ+. La investigación previa ha analizado, mayoritariamente, la orientación sexual y las ciberagresiones homófobas, siendo necesario incorporar la diversidad sexo-genérica en su conjunto y las agresiones de carácter general. Además, los prejuicios existentes subrayan la necesidad de considerar la homonegatividad como variable clave en este tipo de ciberviolencia. Este estudio mixto secuencial explora, en una primera etapa cualitativa con grupos focales, las percepciones sobre la caracterización del ciberacoso LGBTQ+ y, en una segunda etapa cuantitativa, la cibervictimización en función de la diversidad afectivo-sexual, corporal y de género, y el posible papel moderador de la homonegatividad internalizada. En el estudio cualitativo participaron 175 estudiantes y en el cuantitativo 1.971 de 12 a 18 años de centros de educación secundaria de Andalucía (España). Los resultados cualitativos identificaron dimensiones valiosas del ciberacoso, como la cibervictimización LGBTQ+ colectiva. Los resultados cuantitativos revelaron diferencias en la cibervictimización LGBTQ+ colectiva según la orientación sexual, la identidad y la expresión de género. También destaca la moderación de la homonegatividad internalizada, siendo quienes tienen un nivel bajo más sensibles a las ciberagresiones LGBTQ+ colectivas. Se visibiliza el ciberacoso LGBTQ+ como un constructo que incluye diversos tipos de agresiones dirigidas a todo el espectro de la diversidad afectivo-sexual y se enfatiza la necesidad de incluir la homonegatividad internalizada en las intervenciones psicoeducativas con todo el alumnado.

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 30-09-2022

Revisado: 06-11-2022

Aceptado: 29-11-2022

OnlineFirst: 30-01-2023

Fecha publicación: 01-04-2023

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 37 (en días) | Media de tiempo de revisión de los manuscritos del número 75: 32 (en días)

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 60 (en días) | Media tiempo aceptación de los manuscritos del número 75: 93 (en días)

Tiempo de edición OnlineFirst: 138 (en días) | Media tiempo edición de los OnlineFirst del número 75: 171 (en días)

Tiempo de publicacicón final del artículo: 183 (en días) | Media tiempo de publicación final de los articulos del número 75: 216 (en días)

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Ojeda, M., Espino, E., Elipe, P., & del-Rey, R. (2023). Even if they don't say it to you, it hurts too: Internalized homonegativity in LGBTQ+ cyberbullying among adolescents. [Aunque no te lo digan, también duele: La homonegatividad internalizada en el ciberacoso LGBTQ+ en adolescentes]. Comunicar, 75. https://doi.org/10.3916/C75-2023-02

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