Palabras clave

TIC, autoeficacia digital, actitud digital, personalidad, autoconcepto, familia

Resumen

Muchas investigaciones actuales analizan comportamientos de riesgo de adolescentes en el uso de TIC (como el uso excesivo o adictivo), siendo escasas las que exploran las características del comportamiento de bajo riesgo. El objetivo fue analizar el perfil psicosocial de una muestra de 593 adolescentes españoles de 13 a 18 años. El grupo de uso de TIC de bajo riesgo se calculó mediante: «el índice de multitarea mientras se realizan tareas escolares» e ítems sobre conductas de riesgo en el uso de TIC. Se realizaron pruebas Chi-cuadrado y pruebas t y una regresión logística binaria por pasos para predecir el bajo riesgo de uso de TIC. Los resultados mostraron que el 7,1% se clasificó como usuario de TIC de bajo riesgo, con mayor porcentaje de chicas. Su perfil se caracterizaba por: menor autoeficacia digital en redes sociales, menor uso generalizado de las TIC y una actitud menos dependiente; menor extroversión y mayor amabilidad y responsabilidad; un mayor autoconcepto académico; disponer de normas de uso de TIC en el hogar; y un apego menos inseguro y ansioso hacia las figuras paternas. Las variables que predijeron un comportamiento de bajo riesgo fueron: un elevado autoconcepto académico; una baja percepción de ansiedad por separación de los seres queridos; y una puntuación alta en amabilidad. Estos resultados son útiles para proponer intervenciones psico-socio-educativas que promuevan el uso saludable de las TIC.

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 01-09-2022

Revisado: 08-10-2022

Aceptado: 29-11-2022

OnlineFirst: 30-01-2023

Fecha publicación: 01-04-2023

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 37 (en días) | Media de tiempo de revisión de los manuscritos del número 75: 32 (en días)

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 89 (en días) | Media tiempo aceptación de los manuscritos del número 75: 93 (en días)

Tiempo de edición OnlineFirst: 167 (en días) | Media tiempo edición de los OnlineFirst del número 75: 171 (en días)

Tiempo de publicacicón final del artículo: 212 (en días) | Media tiempo de publicación final de los articulos del número 75: 216 (en días)

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Malo-Cerrato, S., Martín-Perpiñá, M., & Cornellà-Font, M. (2023). Psychosocial factors and low-risk behaviour in ICT use among adolescents. [Factores psicosociales y comportamiento de bajo riesgo de uso de TIC en adolescentes]. Comunicar, 75. https://doi.org/10.3916/C75-2023-08

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