Learners’ Engagement, Virtual Classroom, Teaching Pedagogy, Use of Technology


In virtual classrooms, the engagement of learners has become a critical challenge. This research aims to answer the question: What is the impact of virtual classroom and teaching pedagogy on learner engagement in film and visual art education? This research addresses a gap to close a loop in literature and knowledge. A sample of 380 students pursuing films and visual arts education was taken to test the hypotheses. The findings of this study are based on empirical data, and a partial least square–structural equation model (PLS-SEM) employed for data analysis. The study reported that virtual classrooms and teaching pedagogy are significant antecedents of learners’ engagement. The study asserted that learners’ engagement is influenced by teaching pedagogy with the mediating role of the use of technology. This research is significant for its reliable theoretical contribution to the domain. Furthermore, the study has developed practical recommendations to improve learners’ engagement with teaching pedagogy and visual classroom. Future directions are also highlighted to conduct further studies on this area of knowledge.


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The research was founded within the project No. 2021BWX027 entitled: “Research on the Referential Experience and Issues of the Propagation of Aestheticism Trend in China in the 20th Century”, supported by Henan Province Planning Office of Philosophy and Social Science (HNPOPSS, China)


Technical information

Received: 2023-05-15 | Reviewed: 2023-06-16 | Accepted: 2023-09-01 | Online First: 2024-01-10 | Published: 2024-03-31


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Peiqiong., Peng., Jongmoo. (2024). Assessing the Learner’s Engagement Through Virtual Classroom and Teaching Pedagogy: The Mediating Role of Technology Usage. Comunicar, 32(78). 10.58262/V32I78.2



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