Palabras clave

Aprendizaje virtual, cursos, educación en línea, entornos de aprendizaje, informática educativa, innovación didáctica, práctica docente, MOOC

Resumen

Este artículo se enfoca en una revisión tanto de literatura como de experiencias prácticas acerca de los MOOC. Los textos analizados fueron publicados en revistas entre los años 2007 y 2013. Se seleccionaron 268 artículos para este estudio, de los cuales 100 se analizaron en detalle. Los asuntos encontrados en la revisión se utilizaron posteriormente como criterios de análisis de 10 experiencias empíricas sobre MOOC. La literatura estudiada resalta el rápido crecimiento en el interés por comprender los MOOC, sus fundamentos pedagógicos así como la importancia del concepto de lo abierto que se encuentra en ellos. Un nuevo énfasis ha surgido recientemente en la literatura donde los factores institucionales, particularmente aquellos concernientes con la viabilidad financiera, la certificación y la deserción se encuentran resaltados. El análisis de la prácticas actuales muestra que muchos de los temas relevantes expresados en la literatura académica están ausentes no solo de las prácticas relacionadas con las experiencias de aprendizaje basadas en los MOOC sino que se han ignorado como sustento de la implementación de un modelo de enseñanza basada en ellos. Del análisis realizado se concluye que buena parte de la actual oferta de MOOC es tan solo un pálido reflejo de la conceptualización que les dio origen y que se muestra significativa en la literatura. En síntesis, la verdadera esencia del concepto de lo abierto se ha perdido en la práctica.

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 30-04-2014

Revisado: 16-06-2014

Aceptado: 21-06-2014

Preprint: 15-11-2014

Fecha publicación: 01-01-2015

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 47 días | Media tiempo revisión número 44: 41 días

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 52 días | Media tiempo aceptación número 44: 75 días

Tiempo de edición del preprint: 201 días | Media tiempo edición número preprint 44: 221 días

Tiempo de edición del artículo: 246 días | Media tiempo edición número 44: 266 días

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Chiappe-Laverde, A., Hine, N., & Martínez-Silva, J. (2015). Literature and practice: A critical review of MOOCs. [Literatura y práctica: una revisión crítica acerca de los MOOC]. Comunicar, 44, 09-18. https://doi.org/10.3916/C44-2015-01

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