Keywords

Internet, pornography, adolescents, lifestyles, values, family, leisure

Abstract

Mass media consumption has increased markedly in recent years. One unintended consequence of this increase is the proliferation of risky consumption, including online and offline pornography. Although the literature has noted a series of predictive variables (age, gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and family structure), recent studies have suggested including values and lifestyles as relevant factors in consumption decisions. The objective of the present study was to examine whether adolescents’ lifestyles were relevant predictors of the consumption of pornography both on the Internet and in magazines or videos. A cross-sectional observational study design that included a representative sample of 9,942 Colombian adolescents (Mage=14.93, SD=2.47) was used. To control the effects of sociodemographic, structural, and individual variables, their lifestyles were examined using a multiple regression analysis and mediation analysis. The results indicated that a positive intrafamilial style was associated with a reduction in the consumption of pornography; however, both a negative intrafamilial style and a relational independence style increased consumption. In addition, the study suggests that family relational styles can mediate the relationship between positive values and risky behavior both online and offline. Finally, we discuss the results from the relational perspective, including its application in media literacy programs.

References

Aiken, L.S., & West, S.G. (1991). Multiple Regression: Testing and Interpreting Interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Link Google Scholar

Archer, M.S. (2012). The Reflexive Imperative in Late Modernity. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Bagdasarov, Z., Greene, K., & al. (2010). I am What I Watch: Voyeurism, Sensation Seeking and Television Viewing Patterns. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 54, 299-315. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08838151003734995

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Bravo, C.B., & Rasco, F.A. (2013). Interacciones de los jóvenes andaluces en las redes sociales. Comunicar, 40(XX), 25-30. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3916/C40-2013-02-02

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Brunsø, K., Scholderer, J., & Grunert, K.G. (2004). Closing the Gap between Values and Behavior (a Means) end Theory of Lifestyle. Journal of Business Research, 57(6), 665-670. doi: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/S0148-2963(02)00310-7

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Brändle, G., Cárdaba, M.A., & Ruiz-San-Román, J.A. (2011). The Risk of Emergence of Boomerang Effect in Communication against Violence. Comunicar, 37, 161-168. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3916/C37-2011-03-08

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Byron, T. (2010). Do We Have Safer Children in a Digital World? A Review of Progress since the 2008 Byron Review. (http://goo.gl/vSeI1a) (13-01-2014).

Link Google Scholar

Cabrera, V.E & Salazar, P.A. (2014). Estilos de vida de los jóvenes y las necesidades de educación sexual. Bogotá: Instituto de Estudios del Ministerio Público.

Link Google Scholar

Cattell, R.B. (1966). The Scree Test for the Number of Factors. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 1(2), 245-276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327906mbr0102_10

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Cheung, C., Lee, T., Liu, S., & Leung, K. (2001). Friends’ Behavior, the Hedonist Lifestyle and Delinquent and Moral Behavior Two Years Later. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 9(4), 293-320. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02673843.2001.9747884

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Cook, J.E., Purdie-Vaughns, V., Garcia, J., & Cohen, G.L. (2012). Chronic Threat and Contingent Belonging: Protective Benefits of Values Affirmation on Identity Development. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(3), 479-496. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0026312

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Corcuera, P., Irala, J., de-Osorio, A., & Rivera, R. (2010). Estilos de vida de los adolescentes peruanos. Piura (Perú): Universidad de Piura.

Link Google Scholar

Corrado, R., & Freedman, L. (2011). Risk Profiles, Trajectories, and Intervention Points for Serious and Chronic Young Offenders. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies, 2(2.1), 197-232. (http://goo.gl/88IBBT) (02-01-2015).

Link Google Scholar

Currie, C., Roberts, C., & al. (2004). Young People’s Health in Context. Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Study: International Report, 2001/02 Survey. Report, Health Policy for Children and Adolescents, 4. Denmark: World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe. (http://goo.gl/70JzYM) (10-01-14).

Link Google Scholar

Faggiano, M.P. (2007). Stile di vita e partecipazione sociale giovanile: il circolo virtuoso teoria-ricerca-teoria (Vol. 12). Milán: Franco Angeli.

Link Google Scholar

Hargrave, A.M., & Livingstone, S. (2006). Harm and Offence in Media Content. A Review of the Evidence. Bristol: Intellect.

Link Google Scholar

Hayes, A.F., & Preacher, K.J. (2013). Conditional Process Modeling: Using Structural Equation Modeling to Examine Contingent Causal Processes. In G.R. Hancock, & R.O. Mueller (Eds.), Structural Equation Modeling: A Second Course. Greenwich: Information Age Publishing.

Link Google Scholar

Hendry, L.B., Shucksmith, J., Love, J.G., & Gendinning, A. (2003). Young People’s Leisure and Lifestyles. London: Routledge.

Link Google Scholar

Ispa, J.M., Csizmadia, A., Rudy, D., Fine, M.A., Krull, J.L., & al. (2013). Patterns of Maternal Directiveness by Ethnicity among Early Head Start Research Participants. Parenting: Science and Practice, 13(1), 58-75. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15295192.2013.732439

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Jiménez, A.G., de-Ayala-López, M.C., & García, B.C. (2013). Hábitos de uso en Internet y en las redes sociales de los adolescentes españoles. Comunicar, 41(21), 195-204. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3916/C41-2013-19

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Johnsson-Smaragdi, U. (1994). Models of Change and Stability in Adolescents´ Media Use. In K.E. Rosengren (Ed), Media Effects and Beyond: Culture, Socialization and Lifestyles (pp. 127-186). London: Routledge.

Link Google Scholar

Kahle, L.R., & Chiagouris, L. (Eds.). (2014). Values, Lifestyles, and Psychographics. New York: Psychology Press.

Link Google Scholar

Kingston, D.A., Fedoroff, P., Firestone, P., Curry, S., & Bradford, J.M. (2008). Pornography Use and Sexual Aggression: The Impact of Frequency and Type of Pornography Use on Recidivism among Sexual Offenders. Aggressive Behavior, 34(4), 341-351. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.20250

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Kirsh, S. (2010). Media and Youth: A Developmental Perspective. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Link Google Scholar

Lambert, N.M., Negash, S., Stillman, T.F., Olmstead, S.B., & Fincham, F.D. (2012). A Love that doesn’t last: Pornography Consumption and Weakened Commitment to One’s Romantic Partner. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 31(4), 410-438. doi: http://dx.doi.org/101521jscp2012314410

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Livingstone, S., & Haddon, L. (2009). EU Kids Online: Final Report. LSE, London: EU Kids Online. (http://goo.gl/NvBtzg) (20-01-2014).

Link Google Scholar

Livingstone, S., Haddon, L., Vincent, J., Mascheroni, G., & Olafsson, K. (2014). Net Children Go Mobile: The UK Report. London: London School of Economics and Political Science. (http://goo.gl/zM2lzF) (17-01-2014)

Link Google Scholar

Luder, M.T., Pittet, I., & al. (2011). Associations between Online Pornography and Sexual Behavior among Adolescents: Myth or Reality? Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40(5), 1.027-1.035. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-010-9714-0

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Mascheroni, G., & Olafsson, K. (2014). Net Children go Mobile: Risks and Opportunities. Milano, Italy: Educatt.

Link Google Scholar

Mattebo, M., Tydén, T., Häggström-Nordin, E., Nilsson, K.W., & Larsson, M. (2013). Pornography Consumption, Sexual Experiences, Lifestyles, and Self-rated Health among Male Adolescents in Sweden. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 34 (7), 460-468. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0b013e31829c44a2

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

McKee, A. (2007). The Relationship between Attitudes towards Women, Consumption of Pornography, and other Demographic Variables in a Survey of 1,023 Consumers of Pornography. International Journal of Sexual Health, 19(1), 31-45. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J514v19n01_05

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Noll, J.G., Shenk, C.E., Barnes, J.E., & Haralson, K.J. (2013). Association of Maltreatment with High-risk Internet Behaviors and Offline Encounters. Pediatrics, 131(2), 510-517. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2012-1281

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Osorio, A., Borrell, S.R., Estévez, J.I., Calatrava, M., & del-Burgo, C.L. (2009). Evaluación de los estilos educativos parentales en una muestra de estudiantes filipinos: implicaciones educativas. Revista Panamericana de Pedagogía, 14, 13-37.

Link Google Scholar

Preacher, K.J., & Hayes, A.F. (2008). Asymptotic and Resampling Strategies for Assessing and Comparing Indirect Effects in Multiple Mediator Models. Behavior Research Methods, 40, 879-891. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BRM.40.3.879

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Rodrigo, M., Maíquez, M., & al. (2004). Relaciones padres-hijos y estilos de vida en la adolescencia. Psicothema, 16(2), 203-210.

Link Google Scholar

Sabina, C., Wolak, J., & Finkelhor, D. (2008). The nature and Dynamics of Internet Pornography Exposure for Youth. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11(6), 691-693. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2007.0179

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Stacy, A.W., Newcomb, M.D., & Bentler, P.M. (1991). Social Psychological Influences on Sensation Seeking from Adolescence to Adulthood. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 17(6), 701-708. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167291176014

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Steele, J.R., & Brown, J.D. (1995). Adolescent Room Culture: Studying Media in the Context of Everyday Life. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 24(5), 551-576. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01537056

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Thirlaway, K., & Upton, D. (2009). The Psychology of Lifestyle: Promoting Healthy Behaviour. London: Taylor & Francis.

Link Google Scholar

Vega, V., & Malamuth, N.M. (2007). Predicting Sexual Aggression: The Role of Pornography in the Context of General and Specific Risk Factors. Aggressive Behavior, 33(2), 104-117. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.20172

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Williams, K.M., Cooper, B.S., Howell, T.M., Yuille, J.C., & Paulhus, D.L. (2009). Inferring Sexually Deviant Behavior from Corresponding Fantasies: The Role of Personality and Pornography Consumption. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36(2), 198-222. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0093854808327277

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Wilson, T.D., Centerbar, D.B., Kermer, D.A., & Gilbert, D.T. (2005). The Pleasures of Uncertainty: Prolonging Positive Moods in Ways People do not Anticipate. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88(1), 5-21. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/00223514.88.1.5

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Wisenblit, J.Z., Priluck, R., & Pirog, S.F. (2013). The Influence of Parental Styles on Children’s Consumption. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 30(4), 320-327. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JCM-02-2013-0465

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Wright, P. J. (2013). US males and Pornography, 1973-2010: Consumption, Predictors, Correlates. Journal of Sex Research, 50 (1), 60-71. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2011.628132

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Ybarra, M.L., & Mitchell, K.J. (2005). Exposure to Internet Pornography among Children and Adolescents: A National Survey. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 8(5), 473-486. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2005.8.473

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Fundref

This work has no financial support

Crossmark

Technical information

Received: 19-11-2014

Revised: 19-03-2015

Accepted: 16-07-2015

Preprint: 01-11-2015

Publication date: 01-01-2016

Article revision time: 120 days | Average time revision issue 46: 93 days

Article acceptance time: 238 days | Average time of acceptance issue 46: 173 days

Preprint editing time: 363 days | Average editing time preprint issue 46: 298 days

Article editing time: 408 days | Average editing time issue 46: 343 days

Metrics

Metrics of this article

Views: 30540

Abstract readings: 19556

PDF downloads: 10984

Full metrics of Comunicar 46

Views: 342513

Abstract readings: 233544

PDF downloads: 108969

Cited by

Cites in Web of Science

Gonzalez-Fernandez, Natalia; Ramirez Garcia, Antonia; Aguaded Gomez, Ignacio. Media Literacy in Family Stages. Diagnosis, Requirements and Training Proposal EDUCATION IN THE KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY, 2019.

https://doi.org/10.14201/eks2019_20_a11

Marin Cortes, Andres Felipe; Hoyos De los Rios, Olga Lucia; Sierra Perez, Andrea. RISKS AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS RELATED TO CYBERBULLYING AMONG ADOLESCENTS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW PAPELES DEL PSICOLOGO, 2019.

https://doi.org/10.23923/pap.psicol2019.2899

Rodriguez-Gomez, David; Castro, Diego; Meneses, Julio. Problematic uses of ICT among young people in their personal and school life COMUNICAR, 2018.

https://doi.org/10.3916/C56-2018-09

Alexandraki, Kyriaki; Stavropoulos, Vasileios; Anderson, Emma; Latifi, Mohammad Qasim; Gomez, Rapson. Adolescent Pornography Use: A Systematic Literature Review of Research Trends 2000-2017 CURRENT PSYCHIATRY REVIEWS, 2018.

https://doi.org/10.2174/2211556007666180606073617

Rivera, Reynaldo G.; Santos, David; Martin-Fernandez, Manuel; Requero, Blanca; Cancela, Ana. Predicting attitudes and behavioural intentions towards social entrepreneurship: the role of servant leadership in young people REVISTA DE PSICOLOGIA SOCIAL, 2018.

https://doi.org/10.1080/02134748.2018.1482057

Cites in Scopus

Rodriguez-Gomez, D., Castro, D., Meneses, J.. Problematic uses of ICT among young people in their personal, school life), Comunicar, .

https://doi.org/10.3916/C56-2018-09

Rivera, R.G., Santos, D., Martín-Fernández, M., Requero, B., Cancela, A.. Predicting attitudes, behavioural intentions towards social entrepreneurship: the role of servant leadership in young people / Predicción de las actitudes y las intenciones conductuales hacia el emprendimiento social: el papel del liderazgo de servicio en los jóvenes), Revista de Psicologia Social, .

https://doi.org/10.1080/02134748.2018.1482057

González-Fernández, N., García, A.R., Gómez, I.A. . Media literacy in family stages. Diagnosis, requirements and training proposal | [Alfabetización mediática en escenarios familiares. Diagnóstico, necesidades y propuesta formativa]), Education in the Knowledge Society, .

https://doi.org/10.14201/eks2019_20_a11

Cortés, A.F.M., De los Ríos, O.L.H., Pérez, A.S.. Risk, protective factors related to cyberbullying among adolescents: A systematic review), Papeles del Psicologo, .

https://doi.org/10.23923/pap.psicol2019.2899

Alexandraki, K., Stavropoulos, V., Anderson, E., Latifi, M.Q., Gomez, R.. Adolescent pornography use: A systematic literature review of research trends 2000-2017), Current Psychiatry Reviews, .

https://doi.org/10.2174/2211556007666180606073617

Cites in Google Scholar

Rivera, R. G., Santos, D., Martín-Fernández, M., Requero, B., & Cancela, A. (2018). Predicting attitudes and behavioural intentions towards social entrepreneurship: the role of servant leadership in young people/Predicción de las actitudes y las intenciones conductuales hacia el emprendimiento social: el papel del liderazgo de servicio en los jóvenes. Revista de Psicología Social, 33(3), 650-681.

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02134748.2018.1482057

Hardani, R., Hastuti, D., & Yuliati, L. N. (2018). Pornography Behavior of Junior High School Student. Journal of Child Development Studies, 3(1), 15-27.

http://jesl.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jcds/article/view/21232

Hardani, R., Hastuti, D., & Yuliati, L. N. (2017). Kelekatan Anak Dengan Ibu Dan Ayah Serta Perilaku Pornografi Pada Anak Usia SMP. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen, 10(2), 120-131.

http://ilkom.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jikk/article/view/14627

Rodríguez-Gómez, D., Castro, D., & Meneses, J. (2018). Usos problemáticos de las TIC entre jóvenes en su vida personal y escolar. Comunicar, 26(56), 91-100.

https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/158/Resumenes/Resumen_15855661011_1.pdf

Díaz Bohórquez, J. C. (2018). Los desafíos de la familia en la era digital. Universidad de La Sabana.

https://intellectum.unisabana.edu.co/handle/10818/32791

Zolezzi López, M. D. R. (2019). Propiedades psicométricas de la escala de uso problemático de pornografía (PPUS) en una muestra de adultos de Lima.

http://tesis.pucp.edu.pe/repositorio/handle/20.500.12404/14500

Cortés, A. F. M., De los Ríos, O. L. H., & Pérez, A. S. FACTORES DE RIESGO Y FACTORES PROTECTORES RELACIONADOS CON EL CIBERBULLYING ENTRE ADOLESCENTES: UNA REVISIÓN SISTEMÁTICA.

http://www.papelesdelpsicologo.es/pdf/2899.pdf

Bastidas, R., & Julieth, K. (2017). Sexualidad y pornografía: apreciaciones y creencias en los adolescentes.

https://bdigital.uexternado.edu.co/handle/001/330

Peña Rivera, L. F. (2018). El consumo de la pornografía en los adolescentes de 16 a 18 años del Colegio Juan de Salinas ubicado en Sangolquí cantón Rumiñahui en el periodo 2016-2017 (Bachelor's thesis, Quito: UCE).

http://www.dspace.uce.edu.ec/handle/25000/14168

Morales, E. B. P., Polanski, T. X., Yandún, A. A. F., & Cambi, R. A. R. (2019). Calidad de relación con los padres y conductas sexuales en ecuatorianos. Revista Científica Retos de la Ciencia, 3(1), 10-25.

http://retosdelaciencia.com/Revistas/index.php/retos/article/view/262

García-Orta, M. J., García-Prieto, V., & Suárez-Romero, M. (2019). Nuevos hábitos de consumo audiovisual en menores: aproximación a su análisis mediante encuestas.

http://dspace.ceu.es/handle/10637/10452

Antolinez, R., & Antonio, D. La pornografía como industria cultural en Colombia. Una aproximación a la emisión y reproducción de imaginarios corporales.

http://repository.usta.edu.co/handle/11634/10134

Pacheco Chavez, D. G. (2019). Adicción al internet, impulsividad y ansiedad en estudiantes de nivel secundaria de dos instituciones educativas de Villa El Salvador.

http://repositorio.autonoma.edu.pe/handle/AUTONOMA/696

Rodriguez-Gomez, D., Castro, D., & Meneses, J. (2018). Problematic uses of ICTs among young people in their personal and school life. Comunicar, 26(56), 91-100.

http://eprints.rclis.org/33057/

Download

Alternative metrics

How to cite

Rivera, R., Santos-Velasco, D., Cabrera-García, V., & Docal-Millán, M. (2016). Online and offline pornography consumption in Colombian adolescents. [Consumo de pornografía on-line y off-line en adolescentes colombianos]. Comunicar, 46, 37-45. https://doi.org/10.3916/C46-2016-04

Share

           

Post Office Box 527

21080 Huelva (Spain)

Administration

Editorial office

Creative Commons

This website uses cookies to obtain statistical data on the navigation of its users. If you continue to browse we consider that you accept its use. +info X