Análisis comparativo entre escritura manual y electrónica en la toma de apuntes de estudiantes universitarios

A comparative study of handwriting and computer typing in note-taking by university students

Palabras clave

Tomar notas, escritura manual, escritura electrónica, memoria a corto plazo, niveles de procesamiento, educación superior

Resumen

La toma de apuntes es una estrategia generalizada del alumnado de Educación Superior y se ha constatado su influencia en el rendimiento académico. El uso del ordenador está desplazando al método tradicional de lápiz y papel. El presente estudio pretende arrojar luz sobre las ventajas y los inconvenientes derivados del uso de uno u otro método en la toma de apuntes en las aulas universitarias. Un total de 251 estudiantes universitarios de ciencias sociales y ciencias de la salud participaron en el estudio. Se plantearon dos condiciones experimentales: toma de notas de forma manual (n=211) y de manera electrónica (n=40). Se hallaron diferencias a favor del grupo que usó el ordenador en las tareas basadas en completar el abecedario, escribir frases y reconocer palabras anotadas previamente (p<.05). Sin embargo, en la tarea de recuerdo libre los resultados reflejaron un mejor desempeño del grupo que tomó notas manualmente (p<.05). Se rechazó la hipótesis de igualdad entre los grupos (X2=60,98; p<.0001). Además, el análisis discriminante confirmó que el 77,3% de los alumnos fueron clasificados correctamente según su condición experimental. El uso del ordenador resultó muy útil cuando se trataba de anotar datos con rapidez; sin embargo, en las tareas de recuerdo los alumnos de escritura manual obtuvieron mejores puntuaciones que los de escritura electrónica.

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 18-11-2015

Revisado: 04-01-2016

Aceptado: 22-02-2016

Preprint: 15-05-2016

Fecha publicación: 01-07-2016

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 47 días | Media tiempo revisión número 48: 29 días

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 96 días | Media tiempo aceptación número 48: 73 días

Tiempo de edición del preprint: 180 días | Media tiempo edición número preprint 48: 157 días

Tiempo de edición del artículo: 225 días | Media tiempo edición número 48: 202 días

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Aragón-Mendizábal, E., Delgado-Casas, C., Navarro-Guzmán, J., Menacho-Jiménez, I., & Romero-Oliva, M. (2016). A comparative study of handwriting and computer typing in note-taking by university students. [Análisis comparativo entre escritura manual y electrónica en la toma de apuntes de estudiantes universitarios ]. Comunicar, 48, 101-107. https://doi.org/10.3916/C48-2016-10

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