Palavras chave

Tablet, segunda língua, escrita, digitação, múltipla escolha, vocabulário, memorização, ortografia

Resumo

As tecnologias móveis são cada dia mais presentes nas salas de aula. Apesar de oferecerem oportunidades para facilitar a aprendizagem, inclusive a aquisição de uma segunda língua (L2), seu potencial continua sendo pouco explorado. O estudo em questão diz respeito aos aplicativos dos tablets para a prática da linguagem: embora permitam a escrita e tarefas similares às que podem ser feitas em papel, geralmente oferecem apenas exercícios de múltipla escolha ou de preenchimento de lacunas. Esta mudança de meio e de modalidade de prática poderia significar um impacto na aprendizagem de uma segunda língua. Baseada na perspectiva da cognição incorporada, nossa hipótese prediz que o fato de escrever se traduz num melhor processo de memorização e em uma melhor ortografia frente à digitação ou ao uso de exercícios de múltipla escolha. Esta hipótese foi comprovada em um estudo quase-experimental baseado na sala de aula: alunos (N=282) que praticaram vocabulário de francês através de três modalidades de prática: exercícios de múltipla escolha, escrita com teclado e escrita a mão libre. Se bem que foi verificado que as três modalidades de prática ajudaram no processo de aprendizagem, os resultados mostraram que os alunos que praticaram o vocabulário escrevendo com lápis ou com o tablet obtiveram pontuações mais altas em ortografia no domínio de sinais diacríticos, comparados com os alunos que fizeram exercícios de múltipla escolha. Conclui-se que passar mais tempo aprendendo vocabulário em um nível mais alto de processamento leva a uma maior aquisição de vocabulário.

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Recebido: 16-05-2016

Revisado: 26-06-2016

Aceite: 02-08-2016

OnlineFirst: 15-11-2017

Data de publicação: 01-01-2017

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 41 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 50: 26 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 78 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 50: 82 dias

Tempo de edição da pré-impressão: 185 dias | Tempo médio de edição pré-impressão do número 50: 188 dias

Tempo de processamento do artigo: 230 dias | Tempo médio de processamento do número 50: 233 dias

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Van-Hove, S., Vanderhoven, E., & Cornillie, F. (2017). The tablet for second language vocabulary learning: Keyboard, stylus or multiple choice. [La tablet para el aprendizaje de vocabulario en segundas lenguas: Teclado, lápiz digital u opción múltiple]. Comunicar, 50, 53-63. https://doi.org/10.3916/C50-2017-05

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