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Uso excesivo de redes sociales: Perfil psicosocial de adolescentes españoles

Excessive use of social networks: Psychosocial profile of Spanish adolescents

Palabras clave

Uso excesivo, redes sociales, adolescentes, personalidad, autoconcepto, apoyo social, consumo familiar, normas de uso

Resumen

Poder entender los factores que predicen un uso excesivo de redes sociales en la adolescencia puede ayudar a prevenir problemas como conductas adictivas, soledad o ciberacoso. El principal objetivo es explorar el perfil psicológico y social de adolescentes que realizan un uso excesivo de redes sociales. Participaron 1.102 adolescentes de 11 a 18 años de Girona (España). Se agruparon los que realizaban un uso excesivo y se exploró su perfil de personalidad (NEO FFI, NEO PI-R y autoconcepto AF5) y el social (apoyo social percibido, tipología autoatribuida de consumo de TIC en la familia y normas de uso de las TIC en el hogar). La prevalencia de uso excesivo fue del 12,8%, siendo mayor en chicas. El perfil de personalidad se caracterizaba por el neuroticismo, la impulsividad y menor autoconcepto familiar, académico y emocional. Percibir elevado consumo de TIC en la madre y hermanos y no disponer de normas de uso define su perfil social. Los factores protectores fueron: la responsabilidad, tener normas de uso y ser chico, y los de riesgo: el uso de redes sociales para distraerse y divertirse, y la elevada percepción de consumo de los hermanos. Se sugiere plantear intervenciones según el sexo y trabajar el uso responsable de las TIC con el entorno familiar, para prevenir problemáticas psicológicas más graves.

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 03-12-2017

Revisado: 26-01-2018

Aceptado: 15-03-2018

Preprint: 15-05-2018

Fecha publicación: 01-07-2018

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 54 días | Media tiempo revisión número 56: 43 días

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 102 días | Media tiempo aceptación número 56: 115 días

Tiempo de edición del preprint: 164 días | Media tiempo edición número preprint 56: 178 días

Tiempo de edición del artículo: 209 días | Media tiempo edición número 56: 223 días

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Malo-Cerrato, S., Martín-Perpiñá, M., & Viñas-Poch, F. (2018). Excessive use of social networks: Psychosocial profile of Spanish adolescents. [Uso excesivo de redes sociales: Perfil psicosocial de adolescentes españoles]. Comunicar, 56, 101-110. https://doi.org/10.3916/C56-2018-10

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