Palavras chave

Sexting, adolescência, prevalência, normalização, predisposição, redes sociais, gênero, educação

Resumo

O sexting é uma das práticas usadas pelos jovens para explorar sua sexualidade. Embora se recomende uma resposta educacional a todas as formas de expressão desse fenômeno, na Espanha, foram publicadas poucas pesquisas que analisem sua prevalência, diferenciando os diversos tipos de comportamento de sexting: envio, recebimento, encaminhamento e recebimento de encaminhamentos. O presente estudo aborda esta lacuna nas pesquisas, explorando: 1) A prevalência de sexting, diferenciando entre comportamentos; 2) As relações entre os comportamentos de sexting e o gênero, a idade, a orientação sexual, ter um parceiro romântico/sexual, as redes sociais utilizadas, o grau de normalização do sexting e a predisposição para participar; 3) As diferenças de gênero. No total, participaram 3.314 adolescentes de 12 a 16 anos. Os comportamentos de sexting mais frequentes foram o recebimento e o recebimento de encaminhamentos, seguidos do encaminhamento e do envio. A importância relativa de cada uma das variáveis analisadas dependeu do comportamento analisado e do gênero dos adolescentes. Os resultados destacam a importância de desvendar a diversidade dos comportamentos de sexting e abordar cada um deles a partir da educação. Essa visão mais detalhada sobre os diferentes comportamentos poderia ser usada como base para a tomada de decisões educativas e de sensibilização.

Ver infografia

Referências

Ahern, N.R., Kemppainen, J., & Thacker, P. (2016). Awareness and knowledge of child and adolescent risky behaviors: A parent’s perspective. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 29(1), 6-14. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcap.12129

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Albury, K., Hasinoff, A.A., & Senft, T. (2017). From media abstinence to media production: Sexting, young people and education. In L. Allen, & M. Rasmussen (Eds.),The palgrave handbook of sexuality education (pp. 527-545). Palgrave Macmillan UK. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-40033-8_26

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Barrense-Dias, Y., Berchtold, A., Suris, J.C., & Akre, C. (2017). Sexting and the definition issue. Journal of Adolescent Health, 61(5), 544-554. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.05.009

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Beckmeyer, J.J., Herbenick, D., Fu, T.C., Dodge, B., Reece, M., & Fortenberry, J.D. (2019). Characteristics of adolescent sexting: Results from the 2015 national survey of sexual health and behavior. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 45(8), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/0092623X.2019.1613463

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Brown, G., Maycock, B., & Burns, S. (2005). Your picture is your bait: Use and meaning of cyberspace among gay men. Journal of Sex Research, 42(1), 63-73. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224490509552258

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Campbell, S.W., & Park, Y.J. (2014). Predictors of mobile sexting among teens: Toward a new explanatory framework. Mobile Media & Communication, 20(1), 20-39. https://doi.org/10.1177/2050157913502645

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Casas, J.A., Ojeda, M., Elipe, P., & Del-Rey, R. (2019). Exploring which factors contribute to teens’ participation in sexting. Computers in Human Behavior, 100, 60-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2019.06.010

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Davidson, J. (2015). Sexting: gender and teens. Springer. https://bit.ly/3doq176

Link Google Scholar

Del-Rey, R., Ortega-Ruiz, R., & Casas, J. (2019). 'Asegúrate': An Intervention program against cyberbullying based on teachers’ commitment and on design of its instructional materials. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(3), 434. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030434

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Dobson, A.S., & Ringrose, J. (2016). Sext education: Pedagogies of sex, gender and shame in the schoolyards of Tagged and exposed. Sex Education, 16(1), 8-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681811.2015.1050486

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Döring, N. (2014). Consensual sexting among adolescents: Risk prevention through abstinence education or safer sexting? Cyberpsychology, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.5817/cp2014-1-9

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Englander, E. (2019). What do we know about sexting, and when did we know it? The Journal of Adolescent Health, 65(5), 577-578. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2019.08.004

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Gámez-Guadix, M., de-Santisteban, P., & Resett, S. (2017). Sexting among Spanish adolescents: Prevalence and personality profiles. Psicothema, 29(1), 29-34. https://doi.org/10.7334/psicothema2016.222

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Garmendia, M., Jiménez, E., Casado, M.A., & Mascheroni, G. (2016). Net children go mobile: Riesgos y oportunidades en Internet y el uso de dispositivos mo?viles entre menores espan?oles (2010-2015). Universidad del País Vasco/Red.es. https://bit.ly/2viYYc2

Link Google Scholar

Gewirtz-Meydan, A., Mitchell, K.J., & Rothman, E.F. (2018). What do kids think about sexting? Computers in Human Behavior, 86, 256-265. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2018.04.007

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Lantagne, A., & Furman, W. (2017). Romantic relationship development: The interplay between age and relationship length. Developmental Psychology, 53(9), 1738-1749. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0000363

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Lim, M., Vella, A., Horyniak, D., & Hellard, M. (2016). Exploring attitudes towards sexting of young people: A cross-sectional study. Sexual Health, 13(6), 530-535. https://doi.org/10.1071/sh16029

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Lippman, J.R., & Campbell, S.W. (2014). Damned if you do, damned if you don’t… If you’re a girl: Relational and normative contexts of adolescent sexting in the United States. Journal of Children and Media, 8(4), 371-386. https://doi.org/10.1080/17482798.2014.923009

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Madigan, S., Ly, A., Rash, C.L., Van-Ouytsel, J., & Temple, J.R. (2018). Prevalence of multiple forms of sexting behavior among youth. JAMA Pediatrics, 172(4), 327-335. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.5314

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Marume, A., Maradzika, J., & January, J. (2018). Adolescent sexting and risky sexual behaviours in zimbabwe: A cross-sectional study. Sexuality & Culture, 22(3), 931-941. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12119-018-9508-4

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

McEachern, A.G., McEachern-Ciattoni, R.T., & Martin, F. (2012). Sexting: New challenges for schools and professional school counselors. Journal of School Counseling, 10(20), 1-28. https://bit.ly/2ZdoQk6

Link Google Scholar

Medrano, J.L.J., Lopez Rosales, F., & Gámez-Guadix, M. (2018). Assessing the links of sexting, cybervictimization, depression, and suicidal ideation among university students. Archives of Suicide Research, 22(1), 153-164. https://doi.org/10.1080/13811118.2017.1304304

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Mitchell, K.J., Finkelhor, D., Jones, L.M., & Wolak, J. (2012). Prevalence and characteristics of youth sexting: A national study. Pediatrics, 129(1), 13-20. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2011-1730

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Montero, I., & León, O.G. (2007). A guide for naming research studies in Psychology. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 7(3), 847-862. https://bit.ly/2wVCuhY

Link Google Scholar

Olivari, M., & Confalonieri, E. (2017). Adolescenti e sexting: Una review della letteratura. Maltrattamento e Abuso All’infanzia, 2, 119-140. https://doi.org/10.3280/mal2017-002007

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Patrick, K., Heywood, W., Pitts, M., & Mitchell, A. (2015). Demographic and behavioural correlates of six sexting behaviours among Australian secondary school students. Sexual Health, 12(6), 480-487. https://doi.org/10.1071/sh15004

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Richardson, H.A., Simmering, M.J., & Sturman, M.C. (2009). A tale of three perspectives: Examining post hoc statistical techniques for detection and correction of common method variance. Organizational Research Methods, 12(4), 762-800. https://doi.org//10.1177/1094428109332834

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Ringrose, J., Harvey, L., Gill, R., & Livingstone, S. (2013). Teen girls, sexual double standards and ‘sexting’: Gendered value in digital image exchange. Feminist Theory, 14(3), 305-323. https://doi.org/10.1177/1464700113499853

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Schmitz, S., & Siry, L. (2011). Teenage folly or child abuse? State responses to 'sexting' by minors in the U.S. and Germany. Policy & Internet, 3(2), 25-50. https://doi.org/10.2202/1944-2866.1127

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Stanley, N., Barter, C., Wood, M., Aghtaie, N., Larkins, C., Lanau, A., & Överlien, C. (2018). Pornography, Sexual coercion and abuse and sexting in young people’s intimate relationships: A European study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 33(19), 2919-2944. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260516633204

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Strassberg, D.S., Cann, D., & Velarde, V. (2017). Sexting by High school students. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 46(6), 1667-1672. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-016-0926-9

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Symons, K., Ponnet, K., Walrave, M., & Heirman, W. (2018). Sexting scripts in adolescent relationships: Is sexting becoming the norm? New Media & Society, 20(10), 3836-3857. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444818761869

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Van-Ouytsel, J., Walrave, M., & Ponnet, K. (2019). An exploratory study of sexting behaviors among heterosexual and sexual minority early adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 65(5), 621-626. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2019.06.003

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Van-Ouytsel, J., Walrave, M., & Van-Gool, E. (2014). Sexting: Between thrill and fear-how schools can respond. The Clearing House, 87(5), 204-212. https://doi.org/10.1080/00098655.2014.918532

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Van-Ouytsel, J., Walrave, M., Ponnet, K., & Heirman, W. (2015). The Association between adolescent sexting, psychosocial difficulties, and risk behavior. The Journal of School Nursing, 31(1), 54-69. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059840514541964

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Villacampa, C. (2017). Teen sexting: Prevalence, characteristics and legal treatment. International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice, 49, 10-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlcj.2017.01.002

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Walrave, M., Ponnet, K., Van-Ouytsel, J., Van-Gool, E., Heirman, W., & Verbeek, A. (2015). Whether or not to engage in sexting: Explaining adolescent sexting behaviour by applying the prototype willingness model. Telematics and Informatics, 32(4), 796-808. https://doi.org//10.1016/j.tele.2015.03.008

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

West, J.H., Lister, C.E., Hall, P.C., Crookston, B.T., Snow, P.R., Zvietcovich, M.E., & West, R.P. (2014). Sexting among peruvian adolescents. BMC Public Health, 14(1), 811. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-811

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Wood, M., Barter, C., Stanley, N., Aghtaie, N., & Larkins, C. (2015). Images across Europe: The sending and receiving of sexual images and associations with interpersonal violence in young people’s relationships. Children and Youth Services Review, 59, 149-160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2015.11.005

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Wurtele, S., & Miller-Perrin, C. (2014). Preventing technology?initiated sexual victimization of youth: A developmental perspective. In M.C. Kenny (Ed.), Sex education: Attitude of adolescents, cultural differences and schools’ challenges (pp. 147-175). Nova. https://bit.ly/2UItJjB

Link Google Scholar

Ybarra, M.L., & Mitchell, K.J. (2014). 'Sexting' and its relation to sexual activity and sexual risk behavior in a national survey of adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 55(6), 757-764. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.07.012

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Fundref

Crossmark

Technical information

Recebido: 23-12-2019

Revisado: 01-02-2020

Aceite: 11-03-2020

OnlineFirst: 15-04-2020

Data de publicação: 01-07-2020

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 40 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 64: 36 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 79 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 64: 91 dias

Tempo de edição da pré-impressão: 145 dias | Tempo médio de edição pré-impressão do número 64: 157 dias

Tempo de processamento do artigo: 190 dias | Tempo médio de processamento do número 64: 202 dias

Métricas

Métricas deste artigo

Vistas: 64497

Leituras dos resumos: 52455

Descargas em PDF: 12042

Métricas completas do Comunicar 64

Vistas: 463401

Leituras dos resumos: 425251

Descargas em PDF: 38150

Citado por

Citas em Web of Science

Van Ouytsel, Joris; Walrave, Michel; De Marez, Lieven; Vanhaelewyn, Bart; Ponnet, Koen; . A first investigation into gender minority adolescents' sexting experiences CYBERPSYCHOLOGY BEHAVIOR AND SOCIAL NETWORKING, 2020.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.09.007

Van Ouytsel, Joris; Walrave, Michel; De Marez, Lieven; Vanhaelewyn, Bart; Ponnet, Koen; . Sexting, pressured sexting and image-based sexual abuse among a weighted-sample of heterosexual and LGB-youth JOURNAL OF GAY & LESBIAN SOCIAL SERVICES, 2021.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106630

del Rey, Rosario; Ojeda, Monica; Casas, Jose A.; . Validation of the Sexting Behavior and Motives Questionnaire (SBM-Q) Standards for educational and psychological testing, 2021.

https://doi.org/10.7334/psicothema2020.207

Calvete, E.; Fernandez-Gonzalez, L.; Royuela-Colomer, E.; Morea, A.; Larrucea-Iruretagoyena, M.; Machimbarrena, J. M.; Gonzalez-Cabrera, J.; Orue, I; . Moderating factors of the association between being sexually solicited by adults and active online sexual behaviors in adolescents JOURNAL OF APPLIED DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2021.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2021.106935

Van Ouytsel, Joris; Dhoest, Alexander; . The prevalence, context and perceptions of sexting among non-heterosexual men from various generations in Belgium 21 CENTURY CRIMINOLO, 2022.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2021.107031

Otero, JMM. IS IT CONSTITUTIONAL TO RESTRICT PORNOGRAPHY ON THE INTERNET? BASES TO RECONSIDER THE LEGAL STATUS OF PORNOGRAPHIC SPEECH REVISTA GENERAL DE DERECHO CONSTITUCIONAL, 2021.

Link Google Scholar

Budde, Juergen; Witz, Christina; Bohm, Maika; . Sexual Boundary Violations via Digital Media Among Students INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION, 2022.

https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.755752

Nadal Masegosa, Antonio; . ANALYSIS, TRAINING, PROFESSIONAL MATURITY AND REFLECTION IN THE MASTER OF TEACHERS AT A SPANISH UNIVERSITY COMUNICAR, 2021.

https://doi.org/#EANF#

Citas em Scopus

Van Ouytsel, J., Walrave, M., De Marez, L., Vanhaelewyn, B., Ponnet, K. . A first investigation into gender minority adolescents’ sexting experiences), Journal of Adolescence, .

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.09.007

Van Ouytsel, J., Walrave, M., De Marez, L., Vanhaelewyn, B., Ponnet, K. . Sexting, pressured sexting and image-based sexual abuse among a weighted-sample of heterosexual and LGB-youth), Computers in Human Behavior, .

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106630

Del Rey, R., Ojeda, M., Casas, J.A. . Validation of the sexting behavior and motives questionnaire (Sbm-q) | [Validación del cuestionario de comportamientos y motivos de sexting (Sbm-q).]), Psicothema, .

https://doi.org/10.7334/psicothema2020.207

Calvete, E., Fernández-González, L., Royuela-Colomer, E., (...), Gónzalez-Cabrera, J., Orue, I. . Moderating factors of the association between being sexually solicited by adults and active online sexual behaviors in adolescents), Computers in Human Behavior, .

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2021.106935

Van Ouytsel, J., Dhoest, A. . The prevalence, context and perceptions of sexting among non-heterosexual men from various generations in Belgium), Computers in Human Behavior, .

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2021.107031

Citas em Google Scholar

Van Ouytsel, J., Walrave, M., De Marez, L., Vanhaelewyn, B., & Ponnet, K. (2020). A first investigation into gender minority adolescents’ sexting experiences. Journal of Adolescence, 84, 213-218.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140197120301469

Cornejos, C. S. C. S. (2021). Género, control parental y victimización on line: una revisión sistemática. Revista INFAD de Psicología. International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology., 2(1), 35-46.

https://revista.infad.eu/index.php/IJODAEP/article/view/2112

Van Ouytsel, J., Walrave, M., De Marez, L., Vanhaelewyn, B., & Ponnet, K. (2020). Sexting, pressured sexting and image-based sexual abuse among a weighted-sample of heterosexual and LGB-youth. Computers in Human Behavior, 106630.

...

Castro, M. D. P. Q., Arellano, M. D. P. C., Castillo, C. A. D., Sernaqué, M. A. C., & Castro, G. A. Q. (2021). Autorregulación de contenidos para evitar el sexting: identificando el nivel de empatía entre jóvenes universitarios. Revista Conrado, 17(79), 89-95.

https://conrado.ucf.edu.cu/index.php/conrado/article/view/1700

Quezada Castro, M. D. P., Castro Arellano, M. D. P., Dios Castillo, C. A., Cardoza Sernaqué, M. A., & Quezada Castro, G. A. (2021). Autorregulación de contenidos para evitar el sexting: identificando el nivel de empatía entre jóvenes universitarios. Conrado, 17(79), 89-95.

http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?pid=S1990-86442021000200089&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en

Amaro-Hinojosa, M. D., Jiménez-Vázquez, V., Juárez-Mediana, L. L., Torres-Obregon, R., & Orozco-Gómez, C. (2020). Conductas sexuales en jóvenes mexicanos durante el confinamiento por COVID-19. Sanus, (16), 1-14.

https://sanus.unison.mx/index.php/Sanus/article/view/231

Van Ouytsel, J., Walrave, M., De Marez, L., Vanhaelewyn, B., & Ponnet, K. (2021). Sexting, pressured sexting and image-based sexual abuse among a weighted-sample of heterosexual and LGB-youth. Computers in human behavior, 117, 106630.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563220303770

Cornejos, C. S. (2021). Revisión sistemática acerca de las tendencias investigativas del sexting consensuado en el marco en el marco de la cibersexualidad adolescente. Revista INFAD de Psicología. International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology., 1(1), 41-50.

https://revista.infad.eu/index.php/IJODAEP/article/view/2040

Calvete, E., Fernández-González, L., Royuela-Colomer, E., Morea, A., Larrucea-Iruretagoyena, M., Machimbarrena, J. M., ... & Orue, I. (2021). Moderating factors of the association between being sexually solicited by adults and active online sexual behaviors in adolescents. Computers in Human Behavior, 124, 106935.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563221002582

Del Rey, R., Ojeda, M., & Casas, J. A. (2021). Validation of the Sexting Behavior and Motives Questionnaire. Psicothema, 33(2), 287-295.

http://www.psicothema.com/pdf/4675.pdf

Umerenkova, N., & Diatel, N. (2020). Медіапрактики і здоров'я дітей: сучасні виклики діагностики. Scientific Studios on Social and Political Psychology, (46 (49)), 107-123.

http://sssppj.org/index.php/ssj/article/view/160

Baixar

Métricas alternativas

Como citar

Ojeda, M., del-Rey, R., Walrave, M., & Vandebosch, H. (2020). Sexting in adolescents: Prevalence and behaviours. [Sexting en adolescentes: Prevalencia y comportamientos]. Comunicar, 64, 9-19. https://doi.org/10.3916/C64-2020-01

Compartilhar

           

Caixa Postal 527

21080 Huelva (Espanha)

Administração

Redação

Creative Commons

Este site usa cookies para obter dados estatísticos sobre a navegação de seus usuários. Se você continuar navegando, consideramos que você aceita seu uso. +info X