Palavras chave

Dispositivos móveis, telas inteligentes, crianças, mães, nível social mediação parental, oportunidades, consumo midiático

Resumo

A presença e a variedade de dispositivos móveis nos lares espanhóis, independentemente do contexto social e econômico, é uma realidade generalizada há anos. Diversos estudos se concentram na mediação parental no consumo infantil de telas inteligentes, embora haja uma falta de evidências científicas sobre como o nível de formação e o perfil profissional das mães e dos pais incidem nas formas de consumo de mídia digital infantil. Este estudo analisa a influência do nível socioeducativo das famílias no consumo de telas inteligentes. A pesquisa investiga o nível educacional de mães e pais, bem como sua categoria profissional. Para isso, é utilizada uma metodologia quantitativa a partir de uma amostra de 792 crianças do ensino básico, com idade entre 5 e 9 anos, de três cidades espanholas. É analisado o consumo de televisão, telefones celulares, tablets, computadores e videogames. Os resultados indicam que quanto menor o nível de escolaridade e menor a categoria profissional da mãe, maior o consumo de conteúdo por meio de dispositivos móveis pelas crianças. O estudo demonstra a importância de considerar o nível educacional e profissional das mães e dos pais como oportunidade para entender melhor o consumo de telas inteligentes e projetar estratégias familiares que fomentem o pensamento crítico e a educação em mídia digital.

Ver infografia

Referências

AIMC (Ed.) (2018). Más del 40% de los niños ve contenidos televisivos en los dispositivos móviles o el ordenador. Asociación para la Investigación de los Medios de Comunicación. https://bit.ly/2U64s3x

Link Google Scholar

AIMC (Ed.) (2019). Marco General de los Medios en España 2019. Asociación para la Investigación de los Medios de Comunicación. https://bit.ly/2U5d36q

Link Google Scholar

Berríos, L., Buxarrais, M.R., & Garcés, M.S. (2015). ICT use and parental mediation perceived by chilean children. [Uso de las TIC y mediación parental percibida por niños de Chile]. Comunicar, 45, 161-168. https://doi.org/10.3916/c45-2015-17

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Bozzola, E., Spina, G., Ruggiero, M., Memo, L., Agostiniani, R., Bozzola, M., & Villani, A. (2018). Media devices in pre-school children: The recommendations of the Italian Pediatric Society. Italian Journal of Pediatrics, 44(1), 69. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13052-018-0508-7

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Buckingham, D. (2007). Digital media literacies: Rethinking media education in the age of the Internet. Research in Comparative and International Education, 2(1), 43-55. https://doi.org/10.2304/rcie.2007.2.1.43

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Cabrales, O., & Díaz, V. (2017). El aprendizaje autónomo en los nativos digitales. Conhecimento & Diversidade, 9(17), 12-32. https://doi.org/10.18316/rcd.v9i17.3473

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Chassiakos, Y.R., Radesky, J., Christakis, D., Moreno, M.A., Cross, C., Hill, D., & Swanson, W.S. (2016). Children and adolescents and digital media. Pediatrics, 138(5), e20162593. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2016-2593

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Chaudron, S., Beutel, M.E., Donoso Navarrete, V., Dreier, M., Fletcher-Watson, B., Heikkilä, A.S., & Mascheroni, G. (2015). Young children (0-8) and digital technology. A qualitative exploratory study across seven countries. European Commission Joint Research Centre. https://bit.ly/3dgut7R

Link Google Scholar

Correa, T. (2015). The power of youth: How the bottom-up technology transmission from children to parents is related to digital (in)equality. International Journal of Communication, 9, 1163-1186. https://bit.ly/3dg1lNT

Link Google Scholar

Craig, L., & Mullan, K. (2011). How mothers and fathers share childcare: A cross-national time-use comparison. American Sociological Review, 76(6), 834-861. https://doi.org/10.1177/0003122411427673

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Dashti, F.A., & Yateem, A.K. (2018). Use of mobile devices: A case study with children from Kuwait and the United States. International Journal of Early Childhood, 50(1), 121-134. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13158-018-0208-x

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

De-Haan, J., & Livingstone, S. (2009). Policy and research recommendations. EU Kids Online y LSE. https://bit.ly/39dKXue

Link Google Scholar

El Asam, A., Samara, M., & Terry, P. (2019). Problematic internet use and mental health among British children and adolescents. Addictive Behaviors, 90, 428-436. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.09.007

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Fajardo-Bullón, F., Burguillo-Valverde, B., León-del-Barco, B., & Felipe-Castaño, E. (2019). Salud mental de adolescentes españoles según variables contextuales y horas de uso de Internet. Universitas Psychologica, 18(2), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy18-2.smae

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Garmendia, M., Jiménez, E., Casado, M.A., & Mascheroni, G. (2016). Net children go mobile: Riesgos y oportunidades en internet y el uso de dispositivos móviles entre menores españoles (2010-2015). Red.es/Universidad del País Vasco. https://bit.ly/2U7E61d

Link Google Scholar

Hargittai, E. (2010). Digital Na(t)ives? Variation in internet skills and uses among members of the ‘net Generation’. Sociological Inquiry, 80(1), 92-113. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-682X.2009.00317.x

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Jiménez-Iglesias, E., Garmendia-Larrañaga, M., & Casado-del Río, M.A. (2015). Children's perception of the parental mediation of the risks of the Internet. Revista Latina de Comunicación Social, 70, 49-68. https://bit.ly/3ae4MCT

Link Google Scholar

Katz, V.S., Moran, M.B., & Gonzalez, C. (2018). Connecting with technology in lower income US families. New Media & Society, 20(7), 2509-2533. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444817726319

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Kiliç, A.O., Sari, E., Yucel, H., O?uz, M-M., Polat, E., Acoglu, E-A., & Senel, S. (2019). Exposure to and use of mobile devices in children aged 1-60 months. European Journal of Pediatrics, 178(2), 221-227. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-018-3284-x

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Kuo, M-H., Magill-Evans, J., & Zwaigenbaum, L. (2015). Parental mediation of television viewing and videogaming of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder and their siblings. Autism, 19(6), 724-735. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361314552199

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Lauricella, A.R., Wartella, E., & Rideout, V.J. (2015). Young children's screen time: The complex role of parent and child factors. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 36, 11-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2014.12.001

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Lissak, G. (2018). Adverse physiological ad psychological effects of screen time on children and adolescents: Literature review and case study. Environmental Research, 164, 149-157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.01.015

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Livingstone, S., & Haddon, L. (Eds.) (2009). Kids Online. Opportunities and risks for children. Policy Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt9qgvds 

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Livingstone, S., Mascheroni, G., & Staksrud, E. (2018). European research on children’s Internet use: Assessing the past and anticipating the future. New Media & Society, 20(3), 1103-1122. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444816685930

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Looze, J. (2014). Young women’s job mobility: The influence of motherhood status and education. Journal of Marriage and Family, 76(4), 693-709. https://doi.org/10.1111/jomf.12122

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Martin, P., Halverson, C.F., Wampler, K.S., & Hollet-Wright, N. (1991). Intergenerational differences in parenting styles and goals. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 14, 195-207. https://doi.org/10.1177/016502549101400205

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Medrano, C., Martínez de Morentín, J.I., & Apodaca, P. (2015). Perfiles de consumo televisivo: Un estudio transcultural. Educación XXI, 18(2), 305-321. https://doi.org/10.5944/educxx1.14606

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Mullan, K. (2018). Technology and Children’s screen-based activities in the UK: The story of the millennium so far. Child Indicators Research, 11(6), 1781-1800. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12187-017-9509-0

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Määttä, S., Kaukonen, R., Vepsäläinen, H., Lehto, E., Ylönen, A., Ray, C., & Roos, E. (2017). The mediating role of the home environment in relation to parental educational level and preschool children’s screen time: A cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 17(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4694-9.

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Nikken, P. & Schols, M. (2007). How and why parents’ guide the media use of young children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(11), 3423-3435. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-015-0144-4

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Nikken, P., & Jansz, J. (2006). Parental mediation of children’s videogame playing: A comparison of the reports by parents and children. Learning, Media and Technology, 31(2), 181-202. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439880600756803

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Novoa, B. (2017). Los niños y niñas en tiempos de Facebook: Especial referencia a los huérfanos digitales. Persona y Familia, 1(6), 113-121. https://doi.org/10.33539/peryfa.2017.n6.472

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Observatorio Nacional de Telecomunicaciones y de la Sociedad de la Información (Ed.) (2019a). Indicadores sobre uso de TIC por menores en España. https://bit.ly/33Ef9xv

Link Google Scholar

Observatorio Nacional de Telecomunicaciones y de la Sociedad de la Información (Ed.) (2019b). Las TIC en los hogares españoles. Estudio de demanda y uso de Servicios de Telecomunicaciones y Sociedad de la Información. https://bit.ly/39huZ21

Link Google Scholar

Oliva, A., & Palacios, J. (1997). Diferencias entre las expectativas y valores de madres y educadores de niños preescolares españoles. Infancia y Aprendizaje, 20(77), 61-76. https://doi.org/10.1174/021037097761403253

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Paudel, S., Jancey, J., Subedi, N., & Leavy, J. (2017). Correlates of mobile screen media use among children aged 0-8: A systematic review. BMJ Open, 7(10). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014585

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Penelo, E., Espinoza, P., Portell, M., & Raich, R. M. (2012). Assessment of body image: Psychometric properties of the body image questionnaire. Journal of Health Psychology, 17(4), 556-566. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105311417913

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Ponce-de-León, R., Rivas, J., & Castillo, N. (2016). Participación de la familia en la sociedad virtual: Conocimiento sobre los usos y riesgos de Internet. Suplemento Signos EAD, 1(2). https://bit.ly/2Ww72RS

Link Google Scholar

Sánchez, M., de-Frutos-Torres, B., & Vázquez-Barrio, T. (2017). Parent’s influence on acquiring critical internet skills. [La influencia de los padres en la adquisición de habilidades críticas en Internet]. Comunicar, 53, 103-111. https://doi.org/10.3916/C53-2017-10

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Valcke, M., Bonte, S., De-Wever, B., & Rots, I. (2010). Internet parenting styles and the impact on Internet use of primary school children. Computers and Education, 55(2), 454-464. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2010.02.009

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Velarde, O. (1992). Los arquetipos de los MCM: Héroes y antihéroes de los niños. Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas, 57, 167-178. https://doi.org/10.2307/40183604

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Warren, R. (2001). In words and deeds: Parental involvement and mediation of children’s television viewing. The Journal of Family Communication, 1(4), 211-231. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327698JFC0104_01

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Fundref

Crossmark

Technical information

Recebido: 26-12-2019

Revisado: 07-02-2020

Aceite: 11-03-2020

OnlineFirst: 15-04-2020

Data de publicação: 01-07-2020

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 43 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 64: 36 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 76 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 64: 91 dias

Tempo de edição da pré-impressão: 142 dias | Tempo médio de edição pré-impressão do número 64: 157 dias

Tempo de processamento do artigo: 187 dias | Tempo médio de processamento do número 64: 202 dias

Métricas

Métricas deste artigo

Vistas: 30069

Leituras dos resumos: 27974

Descargas em PDF: 2095

Métricas completas do Comunicar 64

Vistas: 288966

Leituras dos resumos: 266916

Descargas em PDF: 22050

Citado por

Citas em Web of Science

Dario Moreno-Carmona, Norman; Marin-Cortes, Andres; Hugo Cano-Bedoya, Victor;. Parental mediations and internet use by colombian children and adolescents INTERDISCIPLINARIA , 2021.

https://doi.org/10.16888/interd.2021.38.2.18

De Valenzuela, Angela L.; Martinez Garcia, Ruben; Morela Escobar-Arias, Diana;. The leisure and free time practices of adolescents in Galicia: a socio-educational analysis and reflections BORDON-REVISTA DE PEDAGOGIA , 2021.

https://doi.org/10.13042/Bordon.2021.83201

Citas em Scopus

Moreno-Carmona, N.D., Marín-Cortés, A., Cano-Bedoya, V.H., (...), Jaramillo-Suarez, Á.M., Ossa-Ossa, J.C. . PArental Mediations And Internet Use By Colombian Children And Adolescents | [Mediaciones Parentales Y Uso De Internet Por Niños, Niñas Y Adolescentes Colombianos]), Interdisciplinaria, .

https://doi.org/10.16888/INTERD.2021.38.2.18

Citas em Google Scholar

FERNÁNDEZ, M. A. EDUCACIÓN Y ARISTOCRACIA: UNA REFLEXIÓN EN TORNO A LAS IDEAS PEDAGÓGICAS Y ANTROPOLÓGICAS DE ORTEGA Y GASSET. INNOVACIÓN DOCENTE E INVESTIGACIÓN EN EDUCACIÓN.

...

Dettano, A. (2020). Diseño de tapa: Romina Baldo Imagen de tapa: Ignacio Rivas Diagramación y corrección: Juan Ignacio Ferreras.

...

SALIU, H., REXHEPI, Z., SHATRI, S., & KAMBERI, M. (2020). KIDS ONLINE IN KOSOVO, USE OF THE INTERNET, EXPERIENCES AND RISKS. Euromentor, 11(4).

...

Saldarriaga Valencia, C., & Echeverri Cossio, V. A. (2020). Comunicación de aprendizajes en el grado de transición, utilizando el móvil como medio.

https://dspace.tdea.edu.co/handle/tdea/1162

Baixar

Métricas alternativas

Como citar

Jiménez-Morales, M., Montaña, M., & Medina-Bravo, P. (2020). Childhood use of mobile devices: Influence of mothers’ socio-educational level. [Uso infantil de dispositivos móviles: Influencia del nivel socioeducativo materno]. Comunicar, 64, 21-28. https://doi.org/10.3916/C64-2020-02

Compartilhar

           

Caixa Postal 527

21080 Huelva (Espanha)

Administração

Redação

Creative Commons

Este site usa cookies para obter dados estatísticos sobre a navegação de seus usuários. Se você continuar navegando, consideramos que você aceita seu uso. +info X