女权主义,Me Too, Time’s Up, 榜样,刻板印象,电视剧


女权运动Me Too和Time's Up表现出视听领域和社交网络在谴责性骚扰和促进性别平等上的力量。但是,女性在媒体中,尤其在电视上仍然受出镜率不足和刻板印象问题的困扰。因此,正如 “ Time's Up” 运动所指出的那样,应迫切增加女性在幕前和幕后的比例,并将社交运动的影响融入影视产品中,以扩展角色设计/分析中使用的榜样模型。除却榜样叙述带来的好处,它们基于父权制和以民族为中心的低估女性多样性的迷思。作为回应,本研究探讨了女权运动对Peak TV时代播出的电视剧中的女性形象和代表性的推动。通过交叉方法,研究了在Netflix和HBO上的25个女权主义电视剧,并介绍了构建为男女同校教育和在年轻人中平权主义态度发展起积极作用的女性角色的良好实践。以此扩展典型榜样的范围(例如女学者,保姆,斗士,等任何女性)并挑战了刻板印象权威。在流媒体平台上播放的内容中可以看出女权主义趋势,尤其是在台前幕后有大量女性参与的连续剧(很多镜头与女权主义运动有关),这有助于提倡平权和包容的视听文化。



Bayne, C.N. (2018). #Nolitetebastardescarborundorum: Self-publishing, hashtag activism, and feminist resistance, communication. Culture and Critique, 11(1), 201-205. https://doi.org/10.1093/ccc/tcx016

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Belmonte-Arocha, J., & Guillamón-Carrasco, S. (2008). Co-educating the gaze against gender stereotypes in TV. [Co-educar la mirada contra los estereotipos de género en TV]. Comunicar, 31, 115-120. https://doi.org/10.3916/c31-2008-01-014

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Benson-Allott, C. (2020). How i may destroy you reinvents rape television. Film Quarterly, 74(2), 100-105. https://doi.org/10.1525/fq.2020.74.2.100

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Bercuci, L. (2016). Pop feminism: Televised superheroines from the 1990s to the 2010s. Gender Studies, 15(1), 252-269. https://doi.org/10.1515/genst-2017-0017

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Berridge, S., & Portwood-Stacer, L. (2015). Introduction: Feminism, Hashtags and violence against women and girls. Feminist Media Studies, 15(2), 341. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2015.1008743

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Bucciferro, C. (2019). Women and Netflix: Disrupting traditional boundaries between television and film. Feminist Media Studies, 19(7), 1053-1056. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2019.1667076

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Budzinski, O., Gänßle, S., & Lindstädt, N. (2020). The battle of YouTube, TV and Netflix-an empirical analysis of competition in audio-visual media markets. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3569553

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Carling, S. (2018, February 26). If you're mad as hell at the patriarchy, this new show is the release you need. Bustle http://bit.ly/3rH7Xwg

Link Google Scholar

Carlsten, J. (2020). Feeling unbreakable. In G. Monteverde, & V. McCollum (Eds.), Resist!: Protest media and popular culture in the Brexit-Trump era (pp. 87-101). Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Link Google Scholar

CBS (Ed.) (2017, January 17). More than 12M ‘MeToo’ Facebook posts, comments, reactions in 24 hours. CBS News. http://cbsn.ws/3kh7ZaR

Link Google Scholar

Chandra, G., & Erlingsdóttir, I. (2020). The routledge handbook of the politics of the #metoo movement. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780367809263

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Crenshaw, K. (1991). Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color. Stanford Law Review, 43(6), 1241-1299. https://doi.org/10.2307/1229039

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Desta, Y. (2018, January 2). Time’s Up: How a Hollywood initiative is tackling sexual predators. Vanity Fair. http://bit.ly/2WP4YTZ

Link Google Scholar

Enck, S.M., & Morrissey, M.E. (2015). If Orange Is the New Black, I must be color blind: Comic framings of post-racism in the prison-industrial complex. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 32(5), 303-317. https://doi.org/10.1080/15295036.2015.1086489

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Enns, C.Z. (1994). Archetypes and gender: Goddesses, warriors, and psychological health. Journal of Counseling & Development, 73(2), 127-133. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1994.tb01724.x

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Faber, M.A., & Mayer, J.D. (2009). Resonance to archetypes in media: There’s some accounting for taste. Journal of research in personality, 43(3), 307-322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2008.11.003

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Fileborn, B., & Loney-Howes, R. (2019). #MeToo and the politics of social change. Palgrave McMillian. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-15213-0

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Franks, M.A. (2019). A thousand and one stories: Myth and the #MeToo movement. In B. Fileborn, & R. Loney-Howes (Eds.), #MeToo and the politics of social change (pp. 85-95). Palgrave McMillian. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-15213-0_6

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

García-Muñoz, N., & Fedele, M. (2011). The teen series and the young target: Gender stereotypes in television fiction targeted to teenagers. Observatorio, 5(1), 215-226. http://bit.ly/37WnPmy

Link Google Scholar

Henesy, M. (2020). Leaving my girlhood behind: Woke witches and feminist liminality in Chilling Adventures of Sabrina. Feminist Media Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2020.1791929

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Hunt, D., & Ramón, A.C. (2019). Hollywood diversity report 2020. Television. UCLA. https://bit.ly/3kqBHKr

Link Google Scholar

Jung, C.G. (1968). The archetypes and the collective unconscious. Princeton University Press.

Link Google Scholar

Khomani, N. (2017, October 20). #MeToo: how a hashtag became a rallying cry against sexual harassment. The Guardian. http://bit.ly/3aNrcOq

Link Google Scholar

Kidd, M.A. (2016). Archetypes, stereotypes and media representation in a multi-cultural society. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 236, 25-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.12.007

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Kunst, J.R., Bailey, A., Prendergast, C., & Gundersen, A. (2019). Sexism, rape myths and feminist identification explain gender differences in attitudes toward the #metoo social media campaign in two countries. Media Psychology, 22(5), 818-843. https://doi.org/10.1080/15213269.2018.1532300

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Lotz, A.D. (2001). Postfeminist television criticism: Rehabilitating critical terms and identifying postfeminist attributes. Feminist Media Studies, 1(1), 105-121. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680770120042891

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Lotz, A.D. (2006). Redesigning women: Television after the network era. University of Illinois Press. https://bit.ly/3bhZZTQ

Link Google Scholar

Martínez-García, A. (2020). The Handmaid's Tale (2017) or Hulu's major investment in great storytelling. In V. Hernández-Santaolalla, & M. Barrientos-Bueno (Eds.), Handbook of research on transmedia storytelling, audience engagement, and business strategies (pp. 43-55). IGI Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-3119-8.ch004

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Menon, S. (2020, November 1). Netflix’s ‘The Queen’s Gambit’ checkmates gender tropes. FII. http://bit.ly/3hwQ6U8

Link Google Scholar

Miller, T. (2010). Television studies: The basics. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203854198

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

PettyJohn, M.E., Muzzey, F.K., Maas, M.K., & McCauley, H.L. (2019). #HowIWillChange: Engaging men and boys in the #MeToo movement. Psychology of Men & Masculinities, 20(4), 612-622. https://doi.org/10.1037/men0000186

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Signorielli, N. (2009). Minorities representation in prime time: 2000 to 2008. Communication Research Reports, 26(4), 323-336. https://doi.org/10.1080/08824090903293619

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Smith, S.L., Choueiti, M., Pieper, K., Case, A., & Choi, A. (2019). Inequality in 1,100 popular films: Examining portrayals of gender, race/ethnicity, LGBT & disability from 2007 to 2017. USC Annenberg. Annenberg Foundation. https://bit.ly/3aLa249

Link Google Scholar

Sobande, F. (2019). How to get away with authenticity: Viola Davis and the intersections of Blackness, naturalness, femininity and relatability. Celebrity Studies, 10(3), 396-410. https://doi.org/10.1080/19392397.2019.1630154

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Solomon, H.E., & Kurtz-Costes, B. (2018). Media’s influence on perceptions of trans women. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 15(1), 34-47. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13178-017-0280-2

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Szymanowicz, A., & Furnham, A. (2011). Do intelligent women stay single? Cultural stereotypes concerning the intellectual abilities of men and women. Journal of Gender Studies, 20(1), 43-54. https://doi.org/10.1080/09589236.2011.542019

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

The New York Times (Ed.) (2018, January 1). Open letter from Time's Up. The New York Times. http://nyti.ms/3o8tbAE

Link Google Scholar

Vernon, J.A., Williams-Jr, J.A., Phillips, T., & Wilson, J. (1991). Media stereotyping: A comparison of the way elderly women and men are portrayed on prime-time television. Journal of Women & Aging, 2(4), 55-68. https://doi.org/10.1300/J074v02n04_05

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Ward, L.M., & Grower, P. (2020). Media and the development of gender role stereotypes. Annual Review of Developmental Psychology, 2, 177-199. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-devpsych-051120-010630

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

West, C.M. (1995). Mammy, Sapphire, and Jezebel: Historical images of Black women and their implications for psychotherapy. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 32(3), 458-466. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-3204.32.3.458

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Zaptsi, A., & Garrido, R. (2021). Análisis psicosocial del empoderamiento feminista en el ámbito audiovisual: Propuesta de un instrumento para evaluar la equidad de género. In J. Puig (Eds.), Nuevos análisis y propuestas educativas sobre género y diversidad sexual. Dykinson.

Link Google Scholar

Özkan, D., & Hardt, D. (2020). The strong female lead: Postfeminist representation of women and femininity in Netflix shows. In D. Sezen, F. Çiçeko?lu, A. Tunç, & E. Thwaites Diken (Eds.), Female agencies and subjectivities in film and television (pp. 165-187). Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-56100-0_10

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar



收到: 27-01-2021

修订: 30-12-2020

公认: 15-02-2021

OnlineFirst: 15-04-2021

发布日期: 01-07-2021

文章修改时间: -28 天 | 期刊编号的平均时间修订 68: 37 天

文章接受时间: 19 天 | 期刊编号的平均接受时间 68: 78 天

预印本编辑时间: 110 天 | 期刊编号的平均编辑时间预印 68: 169 天

文章编辑时间: 155 天 | 期刊编号的平均编辑时间 68: 214 天



浏览次数: 35958

对摘要的解读: 28955

PDF下载: 7003

的全部指标 68

浏览次数: 330878

对摘要的解读: 288016

PDF下载: 42862


引述 Web of Science



Blanco-Castilla, E; Fernandez-Torres, MJ and Cano-Galindo, J. Disinformation and hate speech toward female sports journalists PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION, 2022.


Cubero, A and Garrido, R. "Ain't I a Woman?": Feminist Participatory Action-Research with African Migrant Women Living in Spain JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION, 2023.


引述 Scopus

Menéndez-Menéndez, M.-I., Fernández-Morales, M. . Queen versus Pawn: Female Genius in The Queen’s Gambit Dama contra peón: la genialidad femenina en Gambito de dama ), Revista Mediterranea de Comunicacion, .


Elías-Zambrano, R., Ramírez-Alvarado, M., Jiménez-Marín, G.. Image and representation of stereotypes and archetypes in Spanish television audiovisual fiction: from Cites to El Pueblo as cases of educommunication in series), Revista Mediterranea de Comunicacion, .


Blanco-Castilla, E., Fernández-Torres, M.-J., Cano-Galindo, J.. Disinformation and hate speech toward female sports journalists ), Profesional de la Informacion, .


Pérez-Rodríguez, A., Jaramillo-Dent, D., Alencar, A.. Digital Social Media Cultures: New Languages and Configurations for Participation, Dialogue and Collectivity ), Icono 14, .


Sádaba, T., Azpurgua, C., Mir Bernal, P., SanMiguel, P.. Fashion empowering women: Sterotypes in the TV dramedy series House of Cards, Suits and Emily in Paris), Journal of Global Fashion Marketing, .


Cubero, A., Garrido, R.. “Ain’t I a Woman?”: Feminist Participatory Action-Research with African Migrant Women Living in Spain), Journal of International Migration and Integration, .


Calderón-Sandoval, O., Villegas-Simón, I., Medina-Bravo, P.. Debating Sexual Consent in the Teen Series The Hockey Girls: Reactions of Instagram Audiences), Sex Education, .


Núñez-Román, F., Gómez-Camacho, A., Hunt-Gómez, C.I. . Gender-Inclusive Textisms: How Spanish-speaking educational communities promote linguistic innovations on twitter ), Linguistics and Education, .


Menéndez, M.I.M.. «The Road Is Life»: Gender Transgressions and Age in Ladies of SteelFonseca Journal of Communication), Fonseca Journal of Communication, .


引述 Google Scholar

Sádaba, T., Azpurgua, C., Mir, P., & Sanmiguel, P. (2021, November). FASHION TO EMPOWER WOMEN: NEW ARCHETYPES IN TV DRAMEDY SERIES. In 2021 Global Fashion Management Conference at Seoul (pp. 262-265).


Allida, E. R. P. V. B. Sexual Harassment and the Role of Human Resource Administration. East African Journal of Education and Social Sciences (EAJESS), 2(3), 87-94.


Garrido Muñoz de Arenillas, R., Zaptsi, A., & Zurbano-Berenguer, B. (2021). El test Zaptsi-Garrido: una herramienta para la innovación docente a través del desarrollo de una mirada feminista interseccional. Cuestiones transversales en la innovación de la docencia y la investigación de las Ciencias Sociales y Jurídicas. Especial referencia al impacto del COVID-19. Las nuevas tecnologías y metodologías, las perspectivas de género y la diversidad.


González, I. M., & Martelo, T. R. (2022). Análisis de los roles de género de las protagonistas femeninas de la serie “HIT” de RTVE. Ámbitos. Revista Internacional de Comunicación, (57), 83-101.


Hernández-Carrillo, C. (2022). El retrato de la mujer adolescente en las ficciones televisivas contemporáneas españolas1. Área Abierta, 22(2), 217-235.


de la Fuente, M. U., & Ramallal, P. M. (2022). Euphoria. Series juveniles y modulación de valores entre las jóvenes Z frente al discurso de odio. Razón y Palabra, 26(113).


Amatriain, L., Carriles, P., Mastandrea, P. B., & Schneider, Ú. (2021). Cultura de la cancelación. Reflexiones frente al empuje hacia lo inmediato.


Transformando la representación hegemónica de la violencia de género en la cultura popular: el caso de" I may destroy you"(Coel et al., 2020) MT IGLESIAS LÓPEZ - 2022 - repositori.uji.es


Culturas digitales en las redes sociales A Pérez-Rodríguez, D Jaramillo-Dent… - Revista ICONO 14 …, 2022 - icono14.net


Análisis de los estereotipos de género en la serie Euphoria J Berni Laguna - 2022 - repositori.uji.es


Análisis de los roles de género de las protagonistas femeninas de la serie “HIT” de RTVE I Maroto González, T Rodríguez Martelo - Ámbitos: Revista internacional …, 2022 - idus.us.es


Dama contra peón: la genialidad femenina en Gambito de dama MI Menéndez Menéndez, M Fernández-Morales - 2023 - rua.ua.es


Imagen y representación de estereotipos y arquetipos en la ficción audiovisual televisiva española: de Cites a El Pueblo como casos de educomunicación en series R Elías Zambrano, MM Ramírez Alvarado… - … of Communication, 1


Racismo y sexismo en la mass media: Análisis interseccional de su impacto en la comunidad afroandaluza B Vera Moreno - 2022 - idus.us.es


Fashion empowering women: Sterotypes in the TV dramedy series House of Cards, Suits and Emily in Paris T Sádaba, C Azpurgua, P Mir Bernal… - Journal of Global …, 2023 - Taylor & Francis


“Ain't I a Woman?”: Feminist Participatory Action-Research with African Migrant Women Living in Spain A Cubero, R Garrido - Journal of International Migration and Integration, 2023 - Springer


Nós também: Gênero, esfera pública e representações culturais da violência sexual a partir de# MeToo e# primeiroassédio AVF Rocha - 2022 - teses.usp.br


Digital social media cultures: New models of creativity,(self) representation and participation A Pérez-Rodríguez, D Jaramillo-Dent, A Alencar - academia.edu





Garrido, R., & Zaptsi, A. (2021). Archetypes, Me Too, Time’s Up and the representation of diverse women on TV. [Arquetipos, Me Too, Time’s Up y la representación de mujeres diversas en TV]. Comunicar, 68, 21-33. https://doi.org/10.3916/C68-2021-02



Oxbridge Publishing House

4 White House Way

B91 1SE Sollihul United Kingdom



Creative Commons

本网站使用cookies来获取用户导航的统计数据。如果您继续浏览,我们认为您接受其使用。 +info X