Palabras clave

Nivel socioeconómico, Internet, éxito académico, niños, matemáticas, idiomas

Resumen

En este estudio, investigamos los efectos mediadores del uso de Internet por parte de los niños en la relación entre el nivel socioeconómico de la familia y su éxito académico y si los efectos mediadores varían entre diferentes disciplinas académicas. Usamos los datos de Estudios de Paneles de las Familias Chinas sobre el nivel socioeconómico de las familias de los niños, el uso de Internet por parte de los niños y su rendimiento académico. Hubo 2.686 participantes en 2014 (mujeres=1.272), 2.330 participantes (mujeres=1.069) en 2016 y 2.485 participantes (mujeres=1.151) en 2018. El estado socioeconómico y el uso de Internet se midieron mediante un cuestionario. Las pruebas estandarizadas midieron el rendimiento académico. Nuestros hallazgos mostraron que el nivel socioeconómico de la familia se relaciona positivamente con el éxito en matemáticas, pero no significativamente con los puntajes chinos. Los resultados indicaron que el uso de Internet no mediaba en la relación entre el estatus socioeconómico familiar en 2014 y el rendimiento matemático en 2016, mientras que la frecuencia de uso de Internet para estudiar en 2016 mediaba en parte la relación entre el estatus socioeconómico familiar en 2016 y el rendimiento matemático en 2018. Nuestros hallazgos proponen que el uso de Internet sólo puede mediar en la relación entre el nivel socioeconómico de la familia y el éxito en matemáticas, y los efectos mediadores se vuelven más fuertes con el paso del tiempo.

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 15-12-2020

Revisado: 24-01-2021

Aceptado: 15-02-2021

OnlineFirst: 15-04-2021

Fecha publicación: 01-07-2021

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 40 días | Media tiempo revisión número 68: 37 días

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 62 días | Media tiempo aceptación número 68: 78 días

Tiempo de edición del preprint: 152 días | Media tiempo edición número preprint 68: 168 días

Tiempo de edición del artículo: 197 días | Media tiempo edición número 68: 213 días

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Ye, L., Xia, X., Jiang, P., Jiang, T., & Liu, Y. (2021). The effects of children’s Internet use: A Chinese longitudinal study. [Los efectos del uso de Internet por niños: Un estudio longitudinal en China]. Comunicar, 68, 97-105. https://doi.org/10.3916/C68-2021-08

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