Palavras chave

Atuar socialmente, currículo, ensino fundamental, ensino médio, educação do futuro, pensamento crítico

Resumo

As imagens de futuro entre os jovens têm sido condicionadas pelas histórias presentes na mídia, filmes, livros e também na escola. Os currículos educativos são constituídos por uma seleção de conhecimentos que privilegia certas formas de compreender o futuro em detrimento de outras. Os jovens muitas vezes imaginam um futuro que está em crise econômica, social e/ou climática. No entanto, eles também imaginam um futuro brilhante para si mesmos, desvinculados do futuro que imaginam para a sociedade. Neste artigo, apresentamos uma análise qualitativa dos currículos da Austrália, Espanha e Chile, juntamente com entrevistas com professores desses países. Investigamos a presença e ausência da educação do futuro nesses currículos, seu grau de desenvolvimento em relação à educação do futuro e fazemos uma primeira análise da influência da educação do futuro nas escolas. Para isso, identificamos quatro dimensões: situar no tempo, antecipar, imaginar futuros alternativos e ação social. Os resultados mostram que, enquanto o currículo australiano inclui explicitamente a educação para o futuro, os currículos espanhol e chileno o inclui apenas tangencialmente. Além disso, o contexto sociocultural das escolas e a vontade do corpo docente são elementos que determinam a implementação da educação do futuro no contexto escolar.

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Technical information

Recebido: 02-02-2022

Revisado: 07-03-2022

Aceite: 12-05-2022

OnlineFirst: 30-06-2022

Data de publicação: 01-10-2022

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 33 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 73: 43 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 98 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 73: 88 dias

Tempo de edição da pré-impressão: 195 dias | Tempo médio de edição pré-impressão do número 73: 185 dias

Tempo de processamento do artigo: 240 dias | Tempo médio de processamento do número 73: 230 dias

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Castellví, J., Escribano, C., Santos, R., & Marolla, J. (2022). Futures education: Curriculum and educational practices in Australia, Spain, and Chile. [Educación para el futuro: Currículo y prácticas educativas en Australia, España y Chile]. Comunicar, 73, 45-55. https://doi.org/10.3916/C73-2022-04

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