Palabras clave

Educación mediática, competencias críticas, infodemia, salud mediática, confianza, COVID-19

Resumen

La pandemia por la COVID-19 ha inundado de información poco confiable la esfera pública dando lugar a lo que algunos especialistas llaman la infodemia. Entre los mecanismos utilizados para mitigar los efectos de la infodemia, la alfabetización mediática ha demostrado tener un papel valioso. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar las actitudes críticas hacia los medios (ACM) de jóvenes y adultos en relación con la percepción de infodemia (PAI), su influencia en el bienestar socioemocional (BSE), las reacciones emocionales (REI) y la confianza en los medios (CMC). Realizamos un estudio transversal con 404 participantes (M=32,8) en dos comunidades virtuales de México durante el primer semestre de 2021. El análisis descriptivo mostró niveles altos de ACM entre los participantes, mayores niveles de PAI en adultos y mayores niveles de BSE y REI en jóvenes. Las observaciones por grupo de edad revelaron una asociación entre ACM y las variables BSE y CMC, mientras que la asociación entre ACM y PAI fue nula. La pandemia de la COVID-19 ha intensificado el consumo de medios e información no confiable. La alfabetización crítica mediática puede proteger a las personas de los riesgos de la infodemia al mejorar sus competencias y habilidades para informarse. Los resultados de esta investigación respaldan la recomendación de promover iniciativas de alfabetización mediática que favorezcan las actitudes críticas como mecanismos de defensa en crisis sanitarias.

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 12-01-2022

Revisado: 03-04-2022

Aceptado: 12-05-2022

OnlineFirst: 30-06-2022

Fecha publicación: 01-10-2022

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 80 (en días) | Media de tiempo de revisión de los manuscritos del número 73: 43 (en días)

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 119 (en días) | Media tiempo aceptación de los manuscritos del número 73: 88 (en días)

Tiempo de edición OnlineFirst: 216 (en días) | Media tiempo edición de los OnlineFirst del número 73: 185 (en días)

Tiempo de publicacicón final del artículo: 261 (en días) | Media tiempo de publicación final de los articulos del número 73: 230 (en días)

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Masegosa, A. N. DIAGNÓSTICO, DIDÁCTICA Y TEORÍA DE LA EDUCACIÓN CAPITALISTAS. COMUNICAR PARA EL CAPITAL. CARIBEÑA DE CIENCIAS SOCIALES, 1.

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Sánchez-Reina, J., & González-Lara, E. (2022). The COVID-19 infodemic among young people and adults: The support of critical media literacy. [La infodemia del COVID-19 en jóvenes y adultos: El soporte de la alfabetización crítica mediática]. Comunicar, 73, 71-81. https://doi.org/10.3916/C73-2022-06

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