Citizen science, informal learning, algorithms, automatization, education, privacy protection


There is an increasing interest and growing practice in Citizen Science (CS) that goes along with the usage of websites for communication as well as for capturing and processing data and materials. From an educational perspective, it is expected that by integrating information about CS in a formal educational setting, it will inspire teachers to create learning activities. This is an interesting case for using bots to automate the process of data extraction from online CS platforms to better understand its use in educational contexts. Although this information is publicly available, it has to follow GDPR rules. This paper aims to explain (1) how CS communicates and is promoted on websites, (2) how web scraping methods and anonymization techniques have been designed, developed and applied to collect information from online sources and (3) how these data could be used for educational purposes. After the analysis of 72 websites, some of the results obtained show that only 24.8% includes detailed information about the CS project and 48.61% includes information about educational purposes or materials.

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Technical information

Received: 30-05-2022

Revised: 27-06-2022

Accepted: 19-07-2022

OnlineFirst: 30-10-2022

Publication date: 01-01-2023

Article revision time: 28 days | Average time revision issue 74: 40 days

Article acceptance time: 50 days | Average time of acceptance issue 74: 69 days

Preprint editing time: 171 days | Average editing time preprint issue 74: 194 days

Article editing time: 216 days | Average editing time issue 74: 239 days


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Cites in Web of Science

Calvera-Isabal, M; Santos, P and Hernandez-Leo, D. Towards Citizen Science-Inspired Learning Activities: The Co-design of an Exploration Tool for Teachers Following a Human-Centred Design Approach INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION, 2023.

Cites in Scopus

Calvera-Isabal, M., Santos, P., Hernández-Leo, D.. Towards Citizen Science-Inspired Learning Activities: The Co-design of an Exploration Tool for Teachers Following a Human-Centred Design Approach), International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, .

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Towards Citizen Science-Inspired Learning Activities: The Co-design of an Exploration Tool for Teachers Following a Human-Centred Design Approach M Calvera-Isabal, P Santos… - International Journal of …, 2023 - Taylor & Francis


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How to cite

Calvera-Isabal, M., Santos, P., Hoppe, H., & Schulten, C. (2023). How to automate the extraction and analysis of information for educational purposes. [Cómo automatizar la extracción y análisis de información sobre ciencia ciudadana con propósitos educativos]. Comunicar, 74, 23-35.



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