Palavras chave

Adolescência, redes sociais, comportamento digital, gênero, estereótipos

Resumo

A presença do ciberespaço na vida juvenil é tal que já não se consegue distinguir as esferas online e offline, fazendo com que este público vivencie um processo de desenvolvimento na vida onlife nem sempre equitativo em termos de gênero. Este trabalho tem como objetivo dar conta do comportamento dos adolescentes espanhóis na Internet com base no sexo e na idade, as decisões que tomam quando constroem sua identidade virtual e os efeitos que tal processo tem sobre eles. Foi realizado um estudo quantitativo em nível nacional (N=2.076, 12-18 anos) no âmbito de um desenho não experimental do tipo ex post facto através do estudo de levantamento. Os resultados mostram que diferenças de gênero são observadas na preferência por uma ou outra rede, e que o jovem toma decisões totalmente diferentes quando se trata de estar presente na rede, e que uma alta porcentagem de meninas, ao contrário dos meninos, afirma que seu eu virtual, assim como os comportamentos a ele associados -influenciam significativamente a opinião que têm de si próprias, bem como a necessidade que sentem de se sentirem integradas. Em conclusão, as decisões que os adolescentes tomam ao criar seu eu virtual não apenas têm consequências negativas derivadas de uma má gestão, mas também são atormentadas por mandatos e estereótipos que determinam como devem ser e o que devem fazer online; algo especialmente urgente para as meninas.

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Recebido: 28-09-2022

Revisado: 14-10-2022

Aceite: 29-11-2022

OnlineFirst: 30-01-2023

Data de publicação: 01-04-2023

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 16 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 75: 32 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 62 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 75: 93 dias

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Serrate-González, S., Sánchez-Rojo, A., Andrade-Silva, L. E., & Muñoz-Rodríguez, J. M. (2023). Identidad onlife: La cuestión del género y la edad en el comportamiento adolescente ante las redes. Comunicar: Revista Científica de Comunicación y Educación, 31(75).

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Adolescencia y Educación. Control parental y percepción de las familias sobre los riesgos en Internet J Ruedas-Caletrio, S Serrate-González… - Estudios sobre …, 2023 - revistas.unav.edu

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Serrate-González, S., Sánchez-Rojo, A., Andrade-Silva, L., & Muñoz-Rodríguez, J. (2023). Onlife identity: The question of gender and age in teenagers' online behaviour. [Identidad onlife: La cuestión del género y la edad en el comportamiento adolescente ante las redes]. Comunicar, 75, 9-20. https://doi.org/10.3916/C75-2023-01

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