Palavras chave

TIC, autoeficácia digital, atitude digital, personalidade, autoconceito, família

Resumo

Muitas investigações atuais analisam comportamentos de risco de adolescentes no uso de TIC (como uso excessivo ou viciante), mas poucas exploram as características do comportamento de baixo risco. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o perfil psicossocial de uma amostra de 593 adolescentes espanhóis de 13 a 18 anos. O grupo de uso de TIC de baixo risco foi calculado usando: "o índice de multitarefa ao fazer tarefas escolares" e itens sobre comportamentos de risco no uso de TIC. Qui-quadrado e Teste T, bem como regressão logística binária passo a passo, foram realizados para prever baixo risco de uso de TIC. Os resultados mostraram que 7,1% foram classificados como usuários de TIC de baixo risco, com maior percentual de meninas. Tal perfil pode ser caracterizado por: menor autoeficácia digital nas redes sociais, menor utilização generalizada das TIC e atitude menos dependente; menos extroversão e mais gentileza e responsabilidade; maior autoconceito acadêmico; regras para a utilização das TIC em casa; e apego menos inseguro e ansioso às figuras parentais. As variáveis que predizem o comportamento de baixo risco foram: alto autoconceito acadêmico; baixa percepção de ansiedade de separação de entes queridos; e alta pontuação em simpatia. Esses resultados são úteis para propor intervenções psicossocioeducativas que promovam o uso saudável das TIC.

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Recebido: 01-09-2022

Revisado: 08-10-2022

Aceite: 29-11-2022

OnlineFirst: 30-01-2023

Data de publicação: 01-04-2023

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 37 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 75: 32 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 89 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 75: 93 dias

Tempo de edição da pré-impressão: 167 dias | Tempo médio de edição pré-impressão do número 75: 171 dias

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Malo-Cerrato, S., Martín-Perpiñá, M., & Cornellà-Font, M. (2023). Psychosocial factors and low-risk behaviour in ICT use among adolescents. [Factores psicosociales y comportamiento de bajo riesgo de uso de TIC en adolescentes]. Comunicar, 75, 103-113. https://doi.org/10.3916/C75-2023-08

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