Sound, speech, music, soundscapes, rhetoric, philology, linguistics, musicology
Sound remains significantly underresearched as a form of communication, as a modality of experience, and as a resource for cultural expression and social interaction. This is in spite of the centrality of sound in most media and communicative practices, including face-to-face interaction and digital networks. Recent years, however, have witnessed a revitalized interest internationally in the area. This review revisits previous research on three sound prototypes – speech, music, and environmental soundscapes – which has mostly been undertaken in separate disciplines: rhetoric, philology, linguistics, classical musicology, popular music studies, architecture, discourse analysis, and more. The article, further, outlines the potential for more interdisciplinary research on sound as communication – as a source of meaning and as a resource for action. This potential is suggested by the diffusion of mobile media and the pervasiveness of communication in everyday contexts. At present, ordinary media users are in position, not only to receive, but also to send diverse forms of auditory, visual, as well as textual information. Users are becoming senders in new configurations of one-to-one, one-to-many, and, increasingly, many-to-many communication. Ubiquitous soundscapes and other mediascapes are even challenging received notions of what a ‘medium’ is and could be. In conclusion, the article suggests that the growing current interest in sound studies itself may be the product of a reconfigured media environment in which sound has come back in style.
Albrecht, R. (2004). Mediating the Muse: A Communications Approach to Media, Music, and Cultural Change. Creskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
Anderson, B. (1991). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.
Appadurai, A. (1996). Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Barnes, S.H. (1988). Muzak. The Hidden Messages in Music: A Social Psychology of Culture. Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press.
Boden, M. (Ed.). (1996). Artificial Intelligence. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Born, G. (1995). Rationalizing Culture: IRCAM, Boulez, and the Institutionalization of the Musical Avantgarde. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bull, M. & Back, L. (Eds.). (2003). The Auditory Culture Reader. Oxford: Berg.
Bull, M. (2000). Sounding Out the City: Personal Stereos and the Management of Everyday Life. Oxford: Berg.
Cerquiglini, B. (1999). In Praise of the Variant: A Critical History of Philology. London: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Chomsky, N. (1965). Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Clarke, D.S. (1990). Sources of Semiotic. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.
Clayton, M.; Herbert, T. & Middleton, R. (Eds.). (2003). The Cultural Study of Music: A Critical Introduction. London: Routledge.
Cook, N. & Everist, M. (Eds.). (1999). Rethinking Music. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Corbin, A. (1998). Village Bells: Sound and Meaning in the 19th-Century French Countryside. New York: Columbia University Press.
Erlmann, V. (Ed.). (2004). Hearing Cultures: Essays on Sound, Listening, and Modernity. Oxford: Berg.
Finnegan, R. (1989). The Hidden Musicians: Music-Making in an English Town. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Frith, S. & Goodwin, A. (Eds.). (1990). On Record. London and New York: Routledge.
Frith, S. (1996). Performing Rites: On the Value of Popular Music. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gay, P.d.; Hall, S.; Janes, L.; Mackay, H. & Negus, K. (1997). Doing Cultural Studies: The Story of the Sony Walkman. London: Sage.
Gena, P. & Strom, C. (2001). A Physiological Approach to DNA Music. 4th Computers in Art and Design Education Conference, Glasgow.
Greenfield, A. (2006). Everyware: The Dawning Age of Ubiquitous Computing. Indianapolis, in New Riders.
Halliday, M.A.K.; Teuberg, W.; Yallop, C. & Cermakova, A. (2004). Lexicology and Corpus Linguistics: An Introduction. London: Continuum.
Havelock, E.A. (1963). Preface to Plato. Oxford: Blackwell.
James, J. (1995). The Music of the Spheres: Music, Science, and the Natural Order of the Universe. London: Abacus.
Jensen, K.B. (2002). The Humanities in Media and Communication Research, in Jensen, K. (Ed.). A Handbook of Media and Communication Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Methodologies. London: Routledge.
Johnson, J.H. (1995). Listening in Paris: A Cultural History. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Keil, C. (1966). Urban Blues. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Kennedy, G.A. (1980). Classical Rhetoric and Its Christian and Secular Tradition from Ancient to Modern Times. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
Kerman, J. (1985). Contemplating Music: Challenges to Musicology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Kramer, L. (2002). Musical Meaning: Toward a Critical History. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Labov, W. (1972). The Logic of Non-standard English. In Giglioli, P. (Ed.). Language and Social Context. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin. (Orig. publ. 1969).
Lanza, J. (1994). Elevator Music: A Surreal History of Muzak, Easy-Listening, and Other Mood-Song. New York: Picador.
Leppert, R. (1993). The Sight of Sound: Music, Representation, and the History of the Body. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Levy, M. (1993). Symposium: Virtual Reality: A Communication Perspective. Journal of Communication, 43(4).
Ling, R. (2004). The Mobile Connection: The Cell Phone's Impact on Society. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
McClary, S. (1991). Feminine Endings: Music, Gender, and Sexuality. Minneapolis, MI: University of Minnesota Press.
McLuhan, M. (1964). Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Meyrowitz, J. (1985). No Sense of Place: The Impact of Electronic Media on Social Behavior. New York: Oxford University Press.
Meyrowitz, J. (1994). Medium Theory, in Crowley, D. & Mitchell, D. (Eds.). Communication Theory Today. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Middleton, R. (1990). Studying Popular Music. Milton Keynes, UK: Open University Press.
Middleton, R. (Ed.). (2002). Reading Pop: Approaches to Textual Analysis in Popular Music. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Millard, A. (1995). America on Record: A History of Recorded Sound. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nott, J.J. (2002). Music for the People: Popular Music and Dance in Interwar Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Perelman, C. (1979). The New Rhetoric and the Humanities. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Reidel.
Peters, J.D. (1999). Speaking into the Air: A History of the Idea of Communication. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Postman, N. (1985). Amusing Ourselves to Death. New York: Viking.
Saussure, F.d. (1959). Course in General Linguistics. London: Peter Owen.
Schafer, R.M. (1977). The Tuning of the World. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Smith, M.M. (2001). Listening to Nineteenth-Century America. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
Stacey, J. (1994). Star Gazing: Hollywood Cinema and Female Spectatorship. London: Routledge.
Subotnik, R.R. (1991). Developing Variations: Style and Ideology in Western Music. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Tagg, P. (1979). Kojak. 50 Seconds of Television Music: Towards the Analysis of Affect in Popular Music. Gothenburg, Sweden: University of Gothenburg.
Thompson, E. (2002). The Soundscape of Modernity: Architectural Acoustics and the Culture of Listening in America. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Treitler, L. (Ed.). (1998). Strunk's Source Readings in Music History. New York: Norton.
Watzlawick, P.; Beavin, J.H. & Jackson, D.D. (1967). Pragmatics of Human Communication: A Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies, and Paradoxes. New York: Norton.
Weber, M. (1958). The Rational and Social Foundations of Music. New York: Southern Illinois University Press. (Orig. publ. 1921).
Wetherell, M.; Taylor, S. & Yates, S. (Eds.). (2001). Discourse Theory and Practice: A Reader. London: Sage.
This work has no financial support
Metrics of this article
Abstract readings: 15660
PDF downloads: 7204
Full metrics of Comunicar 34
Abstract readings: 455485
PDF downloads: 246970
Cites in Web of Science
Pueo, Basilio; Sanchez Cid, Manuel. SURROUND SOUND IN AN IMMERSIVE AUDIO-VISUAL ENVIRONMENTS Proposals in the educational field REVISTA ICONO 14-REVISTA CIENTIFICA DE COMUNICACION Y TECNOLOGIAS, 2011.
Zhang, Bing; Zhang, Min; Ananos, Elena. Effectiveness of the Auditory and Visual effects of Chinese e-Magazine on the Graduate Students' Reading Process ANALISI-QUADERNS DE COMUNICACIO I CULTURA, 2016.
Olcina-Sempere, Gustau; Reis, Jorge Jose; Ferreira, Marco;. INTERCULTURAL EDUCATION: MUSIC AS AN INTRUMENT OF SOCIAL COHESION REVISTA DE EDUCACION INCLUSIVA , 2020.
Cites in Scopus
Currently there are no citations to this document
Cites in Google Scholar
Currently there are no citations to this document
How to cite
Bruhn-Jensen, K. (2010). The sounds of media. An interdisciplinary review of research on sound as communication. [El sonido de los medios]. Comunicar, 34, 15-23. https://doi.org/10.3916/C34-2010-02-01