Keywords

Intervention, television, earthquake, audience, autocentric, sociocentric

Abstract

This paper has two purposes: one conceptual and the other practical. On a conceptual level, it outlines a model for understanding how TV operates as a social mediator in the event of natural disasters, and at the practical level, it recommends measures that can be used to optimize the role of TV and its ideal social function in contexts of crisis. This model views TV intervention as both «self-centered», that is, driven by its reproduction as a media consumption company; and «socially-centered», designed to respond swiftly and accurately to the social requirements that emerge in crisis situations. The suggested model is to be contrasted with the results of a research study conducted by the National TV Council of Chile that explored the role of TV broadcasting after the earthquake in February 2010. According to the results of the study, audiences value the amount of information broadcasted by TV networks but perceive that the predominance of its «self-centered» function creates a problem: the logic of the 'spectacle' is prevalent and exacerbates the audience’s emotions. The primary purpose of this paper is to develop a strategy to recommend how TV and its associate services can respond to a crisis situation while respecting the tragedy of natural disasters.

References

Consejo Nacional de Televisión de Chile (2008). VI Encuesta Nacional de Televisión (www.cntv.cl). (www.cntv.cl/medios/Publicaciones/2009/VI_Encuesta_Nacional_TV.pdf) (09-09-2010).

Link Google Scholar

Consejo Nacional de Televisión de Chile (2010). Cobertura televisiva del terremoto. La catástrofe vista a través de la pantalla, la audiencia y la industria. Santiago de Chile. (www.cntv.cl/medios/Publicaciones/TerremotoInformeCoberturaTelevisiva.pdf) (09-09-2010).

Link Google Scholar

Espósito, R. (2007). Communitas. Buenos Aires: Amorrortu.

Link Google Scholar

Mathien, M. (1993). De la raison d'être du journaliste. Communication et Langages, 8 (1); 62-75 (www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/colan_0336-1500_1993_num_98_1) (09-09-2010).

Link Google Scholar

Organización Panamericana de la Salud (2006). Guía práctica de salud mental en situaciones de desastres. Washington: Organización Panamericana de la Salud.

Link Google Scholar

Tétu, J.F. (2004). L’émotion dans les médias: dispositifs,formes et figures. Obtenido de Mots. Les langages du politique (http://mots.revues.org/index2843.html) (09-09-2010).

Link Google Scholar

Zubiri, X. (2004). Inteligencia sentiente. Madrid: Tecnos.

Link Google Scholar

Fundref

This work has no financial support

Crossmark

Technical information

Metrics

Metrics of this article

Views: 19063

Abstract readings: 15351

PDF downloads: 3712

Full metrics of Comunicar 36

Views: 542141

Abstract readings: 421104

PDF downloads: 121037

Cited by

Cites in Web of Science

Grassau, D.; Puente, S.; Vatter, N.;. Profiles and roles of TV anchorpersons in a disaster context: conceptual proposal from the case of the 27F earthquake in Chile REVISTA DE COMUNICACION-PERU , 2019.

https://doi.org/10.26441/RC18.2-2019-A8

Mayo-Cubero; Marcos;. News sections, journalists and information sources in the journalistic coverage of crises and emergencies in Spain PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION , 2020.

https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.mar.11

Javier Tagle; Francisco;. FRAMING AND NATURAL DISASTERS: FRAMING THE CHILEAN WRITTEN PRESS PERSPECTIVAS DE LA COMUNICACION , 2017.

Link Google Scholar

Puente, Soledad; Pellegrini, Silvia; Grassau, Daniela. How to Measure Professional Journalistic Standards in Television News Coverage of Disasters? 27-F Earthquake in Chile INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION, 2013.

Link Google Scholar

Diaz, Camila A.; Quintana, Gonzalo R.; Vogel, Edgar H.. Depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in adolescents seven months after the february 27 2010 earthquake in Chile TERAPIA PSICOLOGICA, 2012.

https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48082012000100004

Cites in Scopus

Puente, S., Pellegrini, S., Grassau, D.. Journalistic challenges in television coverage of disasters: Lessons from the february 27, 2010, earthquake in Chile [Desafíos periodísticos en la cobertura televisiva de desastres: Lecciones del terremoto del 27 de febrero de 2010 en Chile]), Communication and Society, .

Link Google Scholar

Grassau, D., Puente, S., Vatter, N., Rojas, R.. Profiles, roles of TV anchorpersons in a disaster context: Conceptual proposal from the case of the 27F earthquake in Chile [Perfiles y roles de los conductores de TV en momentos de desastres: Propuesta conceptual a partir del caso del terremoto del 27F en Chile]), Revista de Comunicacion, .

https://doi.org/10.26441/RC18.2-2019-A8

Mayo-Cubero, M. . News sections, journalists and information sources in the journalistic coverage of crises and emergencies in Spain), Profesional de la Informacion, .

https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.mar.11

Cites in Google Scholar

Currently there are no citations to this document

Download

Alternative metrics

How to cite

Souza-Mayerholz, M., & Martínez-Ravanal, V. (2011). The intervention of TV in the Chilean earthquake. [La intervención de la televisión en el terremoto chileno]. Comunicar, 36, 69-76. https://doi.org/10.3916/C36-2011-02-07

Share

           

Post Office Box 527

21080 Huelva (Spain)

Administration

Editorial office

Creative Commons

This website uses cookies to obtain statistical data on the navigation of its users. If you continue to browse we consider that you accept its use. +info X