Usos e gratificações de computadores em pessoas mais velhas na África do Sul

Palavras chave

Usos e gratificações, idosos, destreza informática, redes sociais, mídias, internet

Resumo

A partir de um modelo de entrevistas em profundidade, realizadas em um lar para a terceira idade na Cidade do Cabo (África do Sul), este estudo analisa os principais usos e gratificações que as pessoas idosas recebem em interação com computadores. Na África, ao passo que a ênfase em pesquisas esteve presente na saúde dos idosos nos últimos anos, especialmente quanto à AIDS, existe pouca investigação sobre o uso de novas tecnologias pelos mais velhos, já que este tipo de pesquisa relacionado ao tema concentrou-se mais na juventude. Nesse estudo, detectou-se que os participantes utilizam o correio eletrônico e as redes sociais para manter o contato com familiares e amigos e, às vezes, até com os vizinhos. Além disso, manter o contato não pressupunha somente a comunicação, como também a observação de atividades, como notícias, fotografias e debates. No contexto dos usos e gratificações, o trabalho evidenciou que os participantes se sentiam conectados com a sociedade, tanto pela sua comunicação como pela observação das pessoas, e para se manterem informados das notícias e temas de interesses atuais. Mediante o uso da internet, as pessoas de idade avançada se comunicavam muito mais do que já se comunicaram antes. Alguns dos participantes se sentiam mais isolados e sozinhos, devido ao uso do computador. Entretanto, demonstrou-se que o uso não enfraqueceu o contato interpessoal tradicional.

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Technical information

Recebido: 03-11-2014

Revisado: 21-11-2014

Aceite: 16-01-2015

Pré-impressão: 15-04-2015

Data de publicação: 01-07-2015

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 18 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 45: 46 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 74 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 45: 127 dias

Tempo de edição da pré-impressão: 194 dias | Tempo médio de edição pré-impressão do número 45: 247 dias

Tempo de processamento do artigo: 239 dias | Tempo médio de processamento do número 45: 292 dias

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Citado por

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Bosch, T., & Currin, B. (2015). Uses and gratifications of computers in South African elderly people. [Usos y gratificaciones de los ordenadores en personas mayores en Sudáfrica]. Comunicar, 45, 09-18. https://doi.org/10.3916/C45-2015-01

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