Keywords

Download, uses, audiovisual, contents, illegal, Internet, students, University

Abstract

This article analyses the phenomenon of downloading audio-visual content –movies and television series– which is habitually practiced by university students via the Internet; their attitudes towards illegal downloads; and the education/training that they have about the legal status of this activity. These issues are a frequent reality but are little discussed in our academic context. Data was obtained from a questionnaire designed ad hoc. This was administered to students enrolled in different university degrees (Audio-visual Communication, Primary Education and Social Education). We believe that these college degrees require ethical and legal training on the issues regarding downloading of content from the web. This education is an urgently needed training for young people who will work in educating and informing the citizens of the 21st century. The study results show that university students habitually consume a high percentage of online content from the audio-visual industry (films and television series). Students have clearly favourable attitudes towards this form of consumption. However, students show little regards to the ethical and legal issues surrounding downloading from the Internet. In addition, they have a very low degree of education and training on these issues. The results suggest the need to implement training programs and to conduct information campaigns to improve their information and digital literacy.

View infography

References

Aguaded, I. (2012). La educomunicación. Una apuesta de mañana, necesaria para hoy. Aularia, 1(2), 259-261. (http://goo.gl/g1Zu3K) (2015-11-06).

Link Google Scholar

Aguaded, I. (2014). Desde la infoxicación al derecho a la comunicación. [From Infoxication to the Right to Communicate]. Comunicar, 42, 07-08. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3916/C42-2014-a1

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Ajzen, I. (1991). The Theory of Planned Behaviour, Organizational Behaviour and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding Attitudes and Predicting Social Behaviour. Englewood Cliff, NJ: Prentice Hall. (http://goo.gl/N6rm3z) (2015-02-11).

Link Google Scholar

Akbulut, Y. (2014). Exploration of the Antecedents of Digital Piracy through a Structural Equation Model Computers and Education, 78, 294-305. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2014.06.016

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Bai, J., & Waldfogel, J. (2012). Movie Piracy and Sales Displacement in Two Samples of Chinese Consumers. Information Economics and Policy, 24(4), 187-196. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infoecopol.2012.08.002

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Bisquerra, R. (1987). Introducción a la estadística aplicada a la investigación educativa. Barcelona: PPU.

Link Google Scholar

Breen, M. (2010). Digital Determinism: Culture Industries in the USA-Australia Free Trade Agreement, New Media Society, 12, 657-676. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1461444809342774

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Briones, G. (2008). Metodología de la investigación cuantitativa en las ciencias sociales. Bogotá: ICFES, 1-196.

Link Google Scholar

Buse, C.E. (2009). When You Retire, does Everything Become Leisure? Information and Communication Technology Use and the Work/Leisure Boundary in Retirement, New Media & Society, 11(7), 1143-1161. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1461444809342052

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Cáceres, P. (2003). Análisis cualitativo de contenido: Una alternativa metodológica alcanzable. Psicoperspectivas, 2, 53-82.

Link Google Scholar

Castells, M. (2006). La Sociedad en Red. Madrid: Alianza.

Link Google Scholar

Clares, J. (2008). Nuevas ventanas para la distribución y el consumo de contenidos audiovisuales: retos y oportunidades en el mercado digital. Estudios de Ciencias de la Información y de la Comunicación. Barcelona: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. (http://goo.gl/m3SDvM) (2015-03-15).

Link Google Scholar

Cronan, T.P., & Al-Rafee, S. (2008). Factors that Influence the Intention to Pirate Software and Media. Journal of Business Ethics, 78(4), 527-545. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10551-007-9366-8

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Cuadrado, M. & Miquel, M.J. (2011). Antecedentes de la intención de descarga de música. Un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales. Revista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa, 20(2), 119-132. (http://goo.gl/kyKj8H) (2015-05-23).

Link Google Scholar

Cuadrado, M., & Miquel, M.J. (2010). Actitud y ética hacia la piratería musical: un análisis exploratorio. In AEDEM (Eds.). Decisiones basadas en el conocimiento y en el papel social de la empresa: XX Congreso anual, 1(2), 1-12. (http://goo.gl/iTZfoK) (2015-05-18).

Link Google Scholar

Davis, F.D., & al. (1989). User Acceptance of Computer Technology: a Comparison of Two Theoretical Models. Management Science, 35, 982-1003. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.35.8.982

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

DiMaggio, P., Hargittai, E., Neuman, W., & Robinson, J. (2001). Social Implications of the Internet, Annual Review of Sociology, 27, 307-336. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.27.1.307

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Echeverría, J. (2009). Cultura digital y memoria en Red. Arbor, 185(737), 559-567. doi: http://dx.doi.org 10.3989/arbor.2009.i737.313

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Farré, P. (2008). Los derechos de autor en Internet. Anuario de la Facultad de Derecho, 1, 67-72.

Link Google Scholar

Flores, J.M. (2004). Internet ya es una realidad… y la brecha digital, también. A Distancia, 22(1), 168-175.

Link Google Scholar

García-Álvarez, E., López-Sintas, J., & Samper, A. (2012). Retos y tendencias del ocio digital: Transformación de dimensiones, experiencias y modelos empresariales. Arbor, 188(754), 395-407. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2012.754n2011

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Gil, R. (2006). La piratería en España: el caso de la industria musical y del cine. IESE Occasional Papers: IESE Business Scholl. Universidad de Navarra, 7(1), 1-21. (http://goo.gl/NIeUOQ) (2016-03-15).

Link Google Scholar

Gupta, P.B., & al. (2004). To Pirate or not Pirate: A Comparative Study of the Ethical vs. other Influences on the Consumer´s Software Acquisition-mode Decision. Journal of Business Ethics, 55, 255-274. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10551-004-0991-1

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Higgins, G.E. (2007). Digital Piracy, Self-Control Theory, and Rational Choice: An Examination of the Role of Value. In International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 1(1), 33 -55 (http://goo.gl/SjK3FP) (2015-04-20).

Link Google Scholar

Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, M.R. (2008). Structural Equation Modelling: Guidelines for Determining Model Fit. The Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 6(1), 53-60. (http://goo.gl/dqAk4r) (2015-11-10).

Link Google Scholar

Jambon, M.M., & Smetana, J.G. (2012). College Students' Moral Evaluations of Illegal Music Downloading. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 33(1), 31-39. doi: http://dx.doi.org 10.1016/j.appdev.2011.09.001

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Kim, J., & Mueller, C.W. (1978). Factor Analysis Statistical Methods and Practical Issues. Beverly Hills, California: Sage.

Link Google Scholar

León, E., & Varela, E. (2009). Antinomia entre la protección a los autores y el derecho a la privacidad por la batalla legal contra las tecnologías P2P. Revista Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas, 111, 203-225. (https://goo.gl/7K6TZS) (2015-02-06).

Link Google Scholar

León, E., & Varela, E. (2010). Una colisión Peer to Peer: Habeas Data versus Derechos de Autor. Bogotá (Colombia). Universitas, 120, 238-252. (http://goo.gl/k2lnzp) (2015-06-13).

Link Google Scholar

López-Sintas, J. (2011). Acceso a las expresiones culturales e incentivos a la creación: Argumentos, evidencia e implicaciones. In C. Padros-Reig, & J. López-Sintas (Dirs.), El canon digital a debate: Revolución tecnológica y consumo cultural en un nuevo marco jurídico-económico (pp. 43-65). Barcelona: Atelier.

Link Google Scholar

Lozano-Bartolozzi, P. (2003). El derecho a la información en los textos universales. In I. Bel & L. Corredoira (Eds.), Derecho a la información (pp. 88-100). Barcelona: Ariel.

Link Google Scholar

Martín-Moreno, C. (2007). Metodología de investigación en estudios de usuarios. Revista General de Información y Documentación, 17(2), 129-149. (https://goo.gl/TbAL8I) (2016-03-01).

Link Google Scholar

Meissner, N. (2011). Forced Pirates and the Ethics of Digital Film. Journal of Information, Communication & Ethics in Society, 9(3), 195-205. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/14779961111167667

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Moreno, J.D. (2010). Consideraciones en torno al procedimiento previsto en España para el cierre de páginas web por infracción de la normativa de derechos de autor (a propósito de la Ley Sinde). Revista Internacional de Estudios de Derecho Procesal y Arbitraje, 1, 1-10. (http://goo.gl/yS15B6) (2015-02-06).

Link Google Scholar

Moreno, L. (2005). Cine y televisión: Las amistades peligrosas. [Cinema and television: the dangerous friendships]. Comunicar, 25. (http://goo.gl/gHiOQa) (2015-02-06).

Link Google Scholar

Moretto, M.M. (2012). Reflexiones sobre el futuro del derecho de autor. Ars Boni et Aequi, 8(1), 17-38. (http://goo.gl/yqvVLr) (2015-10-23).

Link Google Scholar

Muñoz, T.G. (2003). El cuestionario como instrumento de investigación/evaluación. Página web del autor. (http://goo.gl/UYXBX3) (2015-10-13).

Link Google Scholar

Pablo, F. & Muñoz, C. (2001). Economía del cine y del sector audiovisual en España. Revista ICE, 792, 124-138. (http://goo.gl/oPMC26) (2005-02-06).

Link Google Scholar

Prasad, A., & Mahajan, V. (2003). How many Pirates should a Software Firm Tolerate? An Analysis of Piracy Protection on the Diffusion of Software. International Journal of Research in Marketing, 20, 337-353. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijresmar.2003.02.001

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Regner, T., Barria, J.A., Pitt, J.V., & Neville, B. (2010). Governance of Digital Content in the Era of Mass Participation. Electronic Commerce Research, 10, 99-110. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10660-010-9043-3

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Ritzer, G., & Jurgenson, N. (2010). Production, Consumption, Prosumption. Journal of Consumer Culture, 10(1), 13-36. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1469540509354673

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Rodríguez, G. & al. (1996). Metodología de la investigación cualitativa. Málaga: Aljibe.

Link Google Scholar

Ruud, S.J., Heuvelman, A., Tan, M., & Peters, O. (2012). Digital Movie Piracy: A Perspective on Downloading Behavior through Social Cognitive Theory. Computers in Human Behavior, 28(3), 958-967. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2011.12.017

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Rybina, L. (2014). Music Piracy in Transitional Post-Soviet Economies: Ethics, Legislation, and Expertise. Eurasian Business Review, 1(1), 2011, 3-1. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14208/BF03353795

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Sanz-Casado, E. (1994). Manual de Estudio de Usuarios. Madrid: Pirámide / Fundación Germán Sánchez Ruipérez.

Link Google Scholar

Sierra, R. (1994). Técnicas de investigación social. Teoría y ejercicios. Madrid: Paraninfo.

Link Google Scholar

Taylor, S.A., Ishida, C. & Wallace, D.W. (2009). Intention to Engage in Digital Piracy: A Conceptual Model and Empirical Test. Journal of Service Research, 11(3), 246-262. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1094670508328924

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Williams, P., Nicholas, D., & Rowlands, I. (2010). The Attitudes and Behaviours of Illegal Downloaders. Aslib Proceedings, 62(3), 283-301. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00012531011046916

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Fundref

This work has no financial support

Crossmark

Technical information

Received: 19-01-2016

Revised: 08-02-2016

Accepted: 22-02-2016

OnlineFirst: 15-05-2016

Publication date: 01-07-2016

Article revision time: 20 days | Average time revision issue 48: 29 days

Article acceptance time: 34 days | Average time of acceptance issue 48: 73 days

Preprint editing time: 118 days | Average editing time preprint issue 48: 157 days

Article editing time: 163 days | Average editing time issue 48: 202 days

Metrics

Metrics of this article

Views: 24431

Abstract readings: 19462

PDF downloads: 4969

Full metrics of Comunicar 48

Views: 310171

Abstract readings: 208208

PDF downloads: 101963

Cited by

Cites in Web of Science

Cebrian-Robles, Violeta; Raposo-Rivas, Manuela; do Carmo Duarte-Freitas, Maria. Open access and anti-plagiarism in the institutional repositories and libraries of the Faculties of Education in Spain REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE TECNOLOGIA EDUCATIVA-RELATEC, 2018.

https://doi.org/10.17398/1695-288X.17.2.41

Cites in Scopus

Rice, R.E., Zamanzadeh, N., Hagen, I. . Media mastery by college students: A typology and review), #EANF#, .

https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190932596.013.9

Cites in Google Scholar

Cebrián Robles, V., Raposo Rivas, M., & Freitas, M. D. C. D. (2018). Acceso libre y antiplagio en los repositorios institucionales y bibliotecas de las Facultades de Educación en España.

http://dehesa.unex.es/handle/10662/8757

Villarejo Carballido, B. (2017). Lenguaje del deseo vinculado a la no violencia en el colectivo adolescente. Análisis de sus interacciones online respecto a los productos audiovisuales alternativos.

http://diposit.ub.edu/dspace/handle/2445/115648

DEMUYNCK, A. L. De effectiviteit en wenselijkheid van een beleidsaanpak voor online inbreuken op auteursrechtelijk beschermde audiovisuele content in Vlaanderen.

...

Download

Alternative metrics

How to cite

Duarte-Hueros, J., Duarte-Hueros, A., & Ruano-López, S. (2016). The audiovisual content downloads among university students. [Las descargas de contenidos audiovisuales en Internet entre estudiantes universitarios]. Comunicar, 48, 49-57. https://doi.org/10.3916/C48-2016-05

Share

           

Post Office Box 527

21080 Huelva (Spain)

Administration

Editorial office

Creative Commons

This website uses cookies to obtain statistical data on the navigation of its users. If you continue to browse we consider that you accept its use. +info X