Keywords

Political communication, Donald Trump, quantitative analysis, infotainment, mobile apps, mobile devices, entertainment industries, Google Play

Abstract

This paper explores the creation and content of apps about Donald Trump (n=412) published in Google Play between June 2015 and January 2018. The relevance of the study stems from both its objectives and its methodology. On the one hand, the aim was to characterise the profile, motivations and purposes of the developers of Donald Trump apps; and on the other, to identify the main features of the discourses in the most downloaded apps. The study relied on two resources: a qualitative questionnaire of open questions for developers (n=376), and a quantitative analysis of the content of apps that exceeded 5,000 downloads (n=117). The questionnaire identified the influence of political current affairs in the developers’ ideological and economic motivations, while the content analysis revealed the trends found over time, as well as the themes, discourses and ideological positioning of the most popular apps about Donald Trump. The findings provide an empirical basis for how the content of these apps was articulated with the news; the influence of content that went viral; hegemonic discourses; and the role played by developers of new expressive, commercial, informative and persuasive proposals in the intersection between mobile apps and political campaigns.

View infography

References

Aguado, J.M., Martinez, I.J., & Cañete­Sanz, L. (2015). Tendencias evolutivas del contenido digital en las aplicaciones móviles. profesional de la información, 24(6), 787­795. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2015.nov.10

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Ahonen, T. (2008). Mobile as 7th of the Mass Media: Cellphone, cameraphone, Iphone, smartphone. Londres: Futuretext.

Link Google Scholar

Azari, J.R. (2016). How the news media helped to nominate Trump. Political Communication, 33, 677-680. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2016.1224417

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Berrocal, S., Redondo, M., & Campos, E. (2013). Una aproximación al estudio del infoentretenimiento en Internet: Origen, desarrollo y perspectivas futuras. AdComunica, 4, 63-79. https://doi.org/10.6035/2174-0992.2012.4.5

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Berry, D.M. (2012). Introduction: Understanding the digital humanities. In Berry D.M. (Eds.), Understanding digital humanities. (pp.1-20). London: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230371934_1

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Boase, J., & Humphreys, L. (2018). Mobile methods: Explorations, innovations, and reflections. Mobile Media & Communication, 6(2), 153-162. https://doi.org/10.1177/2050157918764215

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Bruns, A. (2012). Reconciling community and commerce? Collaboration between produsage communities and commercial operators. Information, Communication & Society, 15(6), 815-835. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2012.680482

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Carroll, J.K., Moorhead, A., Bond, R., LeBlanc, W.G., Petrella, R.J., & Fiscella, K. (2017). Who uses mobile phone health apps and does use matter? A Secondary data analytics approach. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 19(4), e125. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.5604

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Crescenzi-Lanna, L., & Grane-Oro, M. (2016). An analysis of the interaction design of the best educational apps for children aged zero to eight. [Análisis del diseño interactivo de las mejores apps educativas para niños de cero a ocho años]. Comunicar, 46, 77-85. https://doi.org/10.3916/C46-2016-08

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Crussell, J., Gibler, C., & Chen, H. (2012). Attack of the clones: Detecting cloned applications on android markets. European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, 37-54. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-33167-1_3

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

De-Aguilera, M., & Casero-Ripollés, A. (2018). ¿Tecnologías para la transformación? Los medios sociales ante el cambio político y social. Presentación, Icono 14, 16(1), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.7195/ri14.v16i1.1162

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Garzia, D. (2017). Personalization of politics between television and the Internet: Leader effects in the 2013 Italian parliamentary election. Journal of Information Technology & Politics 14(4), 403-416. https://doi.org/10.1080/19331681.2017.1365265

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Gomez-Garcia, S., & Cabeza, J. (2016). El discurso informativo de los newsgames: el caso Bárcenas en los juegos para dispositivos móviles. Cuadernos.Info, 38, 137-148. https://doi.org/10.7764/cdi.38.593

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Gunwoong, L. & Raghu, T.S., (2014). Determinants of mobile apps' success: Evidence from the app store market. Journal of Management Information Systems, 31(2), 133-170. https://doi.org/10.2753/MIS0742-1222310206

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Haigh, M., & Heresco, A. (2010). Late-night Iraq: Monologue joke content and tone from 2003 to 2007. Mass Communication & Society 13(2), 157-173. https://doi.org/10.1080/15205430903014884

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Katz, J.E. (2008). Handbook of mobile communications studies. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/9780262113120.001.0001

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Light, B., Burgess, J., & Duguay, S. (2016). The walkthrough method: An approach to the study of apps. New Media & Society, 20(3), 881-900. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444816675438

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Ma, Z., Wang, H., Guo, Y., & Chen, X. (2016). Libradar: Fast and accurate detection of third-party libraries in Android apps. In Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Software Engineering Companion (ICSE ’16), 653-656. https://doi.org/10.1145/2889160.2889178

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Martin, J.A. (2014). Mobile media and political participation: Defining and developing an emerging field. Mobile Media & Communication, 2(2), 173-195. https://doi.org/10.1177/2050157914520847

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

McCabe, W., & Nelson, R. (23/03/2016). App store data offers unique insights into the 2016 Presidential Race. [Mensaje en un blog]. https://bit.ly/2ccpGW3

Link Google Scholar

McIntyre, L. (2018). Posverdad. Madrid: Cátedra.

Link Google Scholar

Meneses, M.E., Martín-del-Campo, A., & Rueda-Zárate, H. (2018). #TrumpenMexico. Transnational connective action on Twitter and the border wall dispute. [#TrumpenMéxico. Acción conectiva transnacional en Twitter y la disputa por el muro fronterizo]. Comunicar, 26(55). https://doi.org/10.3916/C55-2018-04

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Neys, J., & Jansz, J. (2010). Political Internet games: Engaging an audience. European Journal of Communication, 25(3), 227-241. https://doi.org/10.1177/0267323110373456

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Ott, B.L. (2017). The age of Twitter: Donald J. Trump and the politics of debasement. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 34(1), 59-68. https://doi.org/10.1080/15295036.2016.1266686

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Petty, R.E., & Cacioppo, J.T. (1986). Communication and persuasion: Central and peripheral routes to attitude change. New York: Springer. https://doi.org/10.2307/1422805

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Riffe, D., Lacy, S., & Fico, F. (2014). Analyzing media messages. Using quantitative content analysis in research. New York: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203551691

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Rodriguez-Andres, R. (2018). Trump 2016: ¿Presidente gracias a las redes sociales? Palabra Clave, 21(3), 831-859. https://doi.org/10.5294/pacla.2018.21.3.8

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Schulze, C., Schöler, L., & Skiera, B. (2014). Not all fun and games: Viral marketing for utilitarian products. Journal of Marketing, 78(1), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1509/jm.11.0528

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Shankland, S. (2008). Obama releases iPhone recruiting, campaign tool. [Mensaje en un blog]. https://cnet.co/2NL9IY6

Link Google Scholar

Silva-Rodriguez, A., & Lopez-Garcia, X. (2017). Visión retrospectiva de la investigación sobre comunicación y periodismo móvil en España. In De-Lara-Gonzáles, A. & Arias-Robles, F. (Eds.), Mediamorfosis: Perspectivas sobre la innovación en periodismo (pp.106-117). Elche: Universidad Miguel Hernández. https://bit.ly/2xfBbqq

Link Google Scholar

Statista (Ed.) (2017). Number of available applications in the Google Play Store from December 2009 to June 2018. [Portal estadístico online]. https://bit.ly/2mOe6UQ

Link Google Scholar

Taipale, S. & Fortunati, L. (2014). Capturing methodological trends in mobile communication studies. Information, Communication & Society, 17(5), 627-642. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2013.862562

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Tau, B. (2012). Obama campaign launches mobile app. [Mensaje en un blog]. https://politi.co/2p6bTaD

Link Google Scholar

Wang, H., Guo, Y., Ma, Z., & Chen X. (2015). Wukong: A scalable and accurate two-phase approach to Android app clone detection. Proceedings of ISSTA ’15, 71-82. https://doi.org/10.1145/2771783.2771795

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Wang, H., Liu, Z., Guo, Y., Xiangqun, C., Miao, Z., Guoai, X., & Jason, H. (2017). An Explorative Study of the Mobile App Ecosystem from App Developers’ Perspective. International World Wide Web Conference Committee, 163-172. https://doi.org/10.1145/3038912.3052712

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Westlund, O. (2015). News consumption in an age of mobile media: Patterns, people, place, and participation. Mobile Media & Communication, 3(2), 151-159. https://doi.org/10.1177/2050157914563369

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Yamamoto, M., Kushin, M.J., & Dalisay, F. (2013). Social media and mobiles as political mobilization forces for young adults: Examining the moderating role of online political expression in political participation. New Media & Society 17(6), 880-898. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444813518390

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Crossmark

Technical information

Received: 20-09-2018

Revised: 12-11-2018

Accepted: 15-11-2018

OnlineFirst: 15-02-2019

Publication date: 01-04-2019

Article revision time: 53 days | Average time revision issue 59: 48 days

Article acceptance time: 56 days | Average time of acceptance issue 59: 98 days

Preprint editing time: 148 days | Average editing time preprint issue 59: 178 days

Article editing time: 193 days | Average editing time issue 59: 223 days

Metrics

Metrics of this article

Views: 25403

Abstract readings: 21513

PDF downloads: 3890

Full metrics of Comunicar 59

Views: 350534

Abstract readings: 275995

PDF downloads: 74539

Cited by

Cites in Web of Science

Romero-Rodriguez, Luis M.; Civila, Sabina; Aguaded, Ignacio;. Otherness as a form of intersubjective social exclusion Conceptual discussion from the current communicative scenario JOURNAL OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION & ETHICS IN SOCIETY , 2020.

https://doi.org/10.1108/JICES-11-2019-0130

Gomez-Garcia, Salvador; Navarro-Sierra, Nuria; Carrillo-Vera, Jose-Agustin. From fight to testimony. Audiovisual and interactive representations of cancer in video games INTERFACE-COMUNICACAO SAUDE EDUCACAO, 2019.

https://doi.org/10.1590/Interface.180363

Navarro-Sierra, Nuria; Quevedo-Redondo, Raquel;. THE POLITICAL LEADERSHIP OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE MOBILE APPLICATION ECOSYSTEM PRISMA SOCIAL , 2020.

Link Google Scholar

Zamora-Medina, Rocio; Losada-Diaz, Jose-Carlos; Vazquez-Sande, Pablo;. A taxonomy design for mobile applications in the Spanish political communication context PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION , 2020.

https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.may.27

Monastier Kleina; Nilton Cesar;. From gaming hero to WhatsApp sticker: from Jair Bolsonaro's image portrayed in mobile apps REVISTA MEDIACAO , 2020.

Link Google Scholar

Gil-Torres, Alicia; Martin-Quevedo, Juan; Gomez-Garcia, Salvador; San Jose-De la Rosa, Cristina; . The Coronavirus in the mobile device ecosystem: developers, discourses and reception REVISTA LATINA DE COMUNICACION SOCIAL, 2020.

https://doi.org/10.4185/RLCS-2020-1480

Manfredi-Sanchez, Juan-Luis; Amado-Suarez, Adriana; Waisbord, Silvio;. Presidential Twitter in the face of COVID-19: Between populism and pop politics COMUNICAR , 2021.

https://doi.org/10.3916/C66-2021-07

Cervi, Laura; Marin-Llado, Carles; . What are political parties doing on TikTok? The Spanish case JOURNALISM, 2021.

https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2021.jul.03

Quevedo-Redondo, Raquel; Navarro-Sierra, Nuria; Berrocal-Gonzalo, Salome; Gomez-Garcia, Salvador; . Political Leaders in the APP Ecosystem SOCIAL SCIENCES-BASEL, 2021.

https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10080307

Pueyo, JD and Sobrino, MAO. The use of notifications from mobile applications in the Spanish media REVISTA LATINA DE COMUNICACION SOCIAL, 2021.

https://doi.org/10.4185/RLCS-2021-1516

Cites in Scopus

Zamora-Medina, R., Losada-Díaz, J.-C., Vázquez-Sande, P. . A taxonomy design for mobile applications in the spanish political communication context), Profesional de la Informacion, .

https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.may.27

Romero-Rodriguez, L.M., Civila, S., Aguaded, I. . Otherness as a form of intersubjective social exclusion: Conceptual discussion from the current communicative scenario), Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, .

https://doi.org/10.1108/JICES-11-2019-0130

Gómez-García, S., Navarro-Sierra, N., Carrillo-Vera, J.-A.. From fight to testimony. Audiovisual, interactive representations of cancer in video games (abstract: P. 16) [Da luta ao testemunho. Representações audiovisuais e interativas do câncer em videogames (resumo: p. 16)] [De la lucha al testimonio. Las representaciones audiovisuales e interactivas del cáncer en los videojuegos]), Interface: Communication, Health, Education, .

https://doi.org/10.1590/Interface.180363

Navarro-Sierra, N., Quevedo-Redondo, R. . The political leadership of the european union in the mobile application ecosystem | [El liderazgo polÍtico de la uniÓn europea a travÉs del ecosistema de aplicaciones mÓviles]), Prisma Social, .

Link Google Scholar

Gil-Torres, A., Martín-Quevedo, J., Gómez-García, S., la Rosa, C.S.J.-D. . Coronavirus in the mobile device ecosystem: Developers, discourses and reception | [El coronavirus en el ecosistema de los dispositivos móviles: Creadores, discursos y recepción]), Revista Latina de Comunicacion Social, .

https://doi.org/10.4185/RLCS-2020-1480

Manfredi-Sánchez, J.-L., Amado-Suárez, A., Waisbord, S. . Twitter presidencial ante la COVID-19: Entre el populismo y la política pop), Comunicar, .

https://doi.org/10.3916/C66-2021-07

Cervi, L., Marín-Lladó, C. . What are political parties doing on tiktok? The spanish case), Profesional de la Informacion, .

https://doi.org/10.3145/EPI.2021.JUL.03

Pérez-Curiel, C., Rivas-de Roca, R.. Realities and Challenges of a Democracy in Crisis. Impact of Disinformation and Populism on the Media System), Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, .

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-5792-4_10

Medina, R.Z., García, S.G., Martínez, H.M.. Political memes as an online persuasive resource. Analysis of its impact during 2019 electoral debates in Spain), Opiniao Publica, .

https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-01912021272681

De Sola Pueyo, J., Sobrino, M.Á.O.. The use of notifications from mobile applications in the spanish media), Revista Latina de Comunicacion Social, .

https://doi.org/10.4185/RLCS-2021-1516

Cites in Google Scholar

Zamora-Medina, R., Losada-Díaz, J. C., & Vázquez-Sande, P. (2020). A taxonomy design for mobile applications in the Spanish political communication context. El Profesional de la información, 29(3).

https://www.academia.edu/download/63642360/articulo_EPI_taxonomia.pdf

Sierra, N. N., & Redondo, R. Q. (2020). El liderazgo político de la Unión Europea a través del ecosistema de aplicaciones móviles. Prisma Social: revista de investigación social, (30), 1-21.

https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=7524835

Gil-Torres, A., Martín-Quevedo, J., Gómez-García, S., & San José-De la Rosa, C. (2020). El coronavirus en el ecosistema de los dispositivos móviles: creadores, discursos y recepción. Revista Latina, (78), 329-358.

http://nuevaepoca.revistalatinacs.org/index.php/revista/article/view/251

Manfredi-Sánchez, J. L., Amado-Suárez, A., & Waisbord, S. (1988). Twitter presidencial ante la COVID-19: Entre el populismo y la política pop. Comunicar: Revista Científica de Comunicación y Educación, 29(66).

https://www.revistacomunicar.com/indice/articulo.php?numero=66-2021-07

Civila, S., Romero Rodríguez, L. M., & Aguaded Gómez, J. I. Otherness as a form of intersubjective social exclusion: conceptual discussion from the current communicative scenario.

http://rabida.uhu.es/dspace/handle/10272/18571

Kleina, N. C. M. (2020). De herói de jogos a adesivo no WhatsApp: da imagem de Jair Bolsonaro retratada em aplicativos para celular. Revista Mediação, 22(30).

http://www.fumec.br/revistas/mediacao/article/view/7770

Romero-Rodriguez, L. M., Civila, S., & Aguaded, I. (2020). Otherness as a form of intersubjective social exclusion. Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society.

...

Torres, A. G., Quevedo, J. M., García, S. G., & de la Rosa, C. S. J. (2020). El coronavirus en el ecosistema de los dispositivos móviles: creadores, discursos y recepción. Revista Latina de Comunicación Social, (78), 329-358.

https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=7625679

Gil-Torres, A., Martín-Quevedo, J., Gómez-García, S., & San José-De la Rosa, C. (2020). The Coronavirus in the mobile device ecosystem: developers, discourses and reception. Revista Latina de Comunicación Social, (78), 329-356.

...

Manfredi-Sánchez, J. L., Amado-Suárez, A., & Waisbord, S. (1988). Twitter presidencial ante la COVID-19: Entre el populismo y la política pop. Comunicar: Revista Científica de Comunicación y Educación, 29(66), 83-94.

...

Manfredi-Sánchez, J. L., Amado-Suárez, A., & Waisbord, S. Presidential Twitter in the face of COVID-19: Between populism and pop politics. Comunicar, 29(66), 83-94.

http://eprints.rclis.org/40905/

Download

Alternative metrics

How to cite

Gómez-García, S., Gil-Torres, A., Carrillo-Vera, J., & Navarro-Sierra, N. (2019). Constructing Donald Trump: Mobile apps in the political discourse about the President of the United States. [Creando a Donald Trump: Las apps en el discurso político sobre el presidente de Estados Unidos]. Comunicar, 59, 49-59. https://doi.org/10.3916/C59-2019-05

Share

           

Post Office Box 527

21080 Huelva (Spain)

Administration

Editorial office

Creative Commons

This website uses cookies to obtain statistical data on the navigation of its users. If you continue to browse we consider that you accept its use. +info X