Comprendiendo los aspectos culturales y sociales de las competencias digitales docentes

Understanding social and cultural aspects of teachers’ digital competencies

Palabras clave

Valores culturales, competencia digital, digitalización, domesticación tecnológica, economía ética, condiciones sociales, competencia profesional docente, adaptación tecnológica

Resumen

Muchos gobiernos europeos, incluido el de Noruega, tienen políticas educativas ambiciosas en materia de digitalización. Muchas empresas y responsables políticos prestan gran atención al uso de las tecnologías digitales en la educación para satisfacer la futura demanda de una mano de obra competente y cualificada. Entre los investigadores y los legisladores, existe un consenso general al considerar a los docentes profesionales como una figura clave para la aplicación con éxito de las TIC en la escuela, en lo referente a su implementación y su uso, y se han depositado muchas expectativas en ellos. Se supone que el docente profesional debe, hasta cierto punto, decidir de manera autónoma cómo se han de utilizar estas tecnologías digitales en el aula. Este artículo analiza lo que puede significar el concepto de «docente profesional digitalmente competente» en el contexto de la escuela. También argumenta sobre la necesidad de una mejor interpretación de la competencia digital profesional, que tenga en cuenta diversos aspectos sociales y culturales en relación con la tecnología, las escuelas y la profesión docente. Al analizar las condiciones sociales y culturales para implementar la tecnología en un contexto de enseñanza profesional, nos basaremos en el enfoque constructivista de la tecnología, en concreto, la «domesticación de la tecnología».

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Ficha técnica

Recibido: 15-02-2019

Revisado: 11-04-2019

Aceptado: 10-05-2019

Preprint: 15-07-2019

Fecha publicación: 01-10-2019

Tiempo de revisión del artículo : 54 días | Media tiempo revisión número 61: 42 días

Tiempo de aceptación del artículo: 83 días | Media tiempo aceptación número 61: 78 días

Tiempo de edición del preprint: 182 días | Media tiempo edición número preprint 61: 177 días

Tiempo de edición del artículo: 227 días | Media tiempo edición número 61: 222 días

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https://www.scielo.sa.cr/scielo.php?pid=S1659-41422020000200001&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en

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Engen, B. (2019). Understanding social and cultural aspects of teachers’ digital competencies. [Comprendiendo los aspectos culturales y sociales de las competencias digitales docentes]. Comunicar, 61, 9-19. https://doi.org/10.3916/C61-2019-01

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