Palavras chave

Crianças, tecnologia educativa, apps, segurança, educação inclusiva, análise de conteúdo, proteção de menores, cibersegurança, competência digital

Resumo

O uso mediado da tecnologia estimula a aprendizagem desde a infância e representa um recurso potencial para a educação inclusiva. Ao mesmo tempo, a crescente exposição a conteúdos digitais interativos, frequentemente conectados à internet, implica uma série de riscos para as crianças. A definição de proteção subjacente às estratégias atuais para proteger as crianças é inadequada, pois se limitam a reduzir sua exposição a conteúdos prejudiciais. Este estudo propõe a expansão dessa definição. Esta pesquisa propõe ampliar esta definição. Através de uma observação sistemática de 200 apps para menores de oito anos no âmbito catalão e de uma análise de componentes principais, propõe-se uma definição multidimensional de proteção que não se limita a detalhar os potenciais riscos, mas que também considera aspectos relacionados com o potencial educativo e inclusivo dos recursos digitais. Sugere-se a consideração de cinco fatores a fim de selecionar esses recursos e contribuir para a competência digital de docentes e alunos. O primeiro fator refere-se ao uso de mecanismos de proteção e à existência de interferências externas; o segundo fator indica a presença de ferramentas de adaptação; a exposição a estereótipos corresponde ao terceiro fator e os últimos dois consideram os conhecimentos prévios requeridos e o componente verbal dos apps. Finalmente, discute-se o alcance da definição proposta e suas limitações para orientar futuras análises.

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Technical information

Recebido: 25-02-2019

Revisado: 02-04-2019

Aceite: 10-05-2019

OnlineFirst: 15-07-2019

Data de publicação: 01-10-2019

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 36 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 61: 43 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 74 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 61: 79 dias

Tempo de edição da pré-impressão: 173 dias | Tempo médio de edição pré-impressão do número 61: 178 dias

Tempo de processamento do artigo: 218 dias | Tempo médio de processamento do número 61: 223 dias

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Crescenzi-Lanna, L., Valente, R., & Suárez-Gómez, R. (2019). Safe and inclusive educational apps: Digital protection from an ethical and critical perspective. [Aplicaciones educativas seguras e inclusivas: La protección digital desde una perspectiva ética y crítica]. Comunicar, 61, 93-102. https://doi.org/10.3916/C61-2019-08

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