Keywords

Violence, woman, victim, perpetrator, feminicide, qualitative research, framing theory, digital press

Abstract

This study investigates the language used by national newspapers in Mexico: “El Universal”, “La Jornada”, “Milenio”, and “Reforma”, when addressing the issue of feminicide regarding victims and perpetrators, as well as their relationship with the gender of the reporter and with each newspaper. The research is based on the analysis of qualitative content and the theoretical framework of framing. Categories were built on the type of language in cases of feminicide of 360 journalistic texts published during 2017: 1) Narrative of feminicide; 2) Justification of the perpetrator or alleged perpetrator; 3) Social issues; 4) Blaming the victim. The analysis yielded cases of victim blaming to a lesser extent than those of the perpetrator's justification. Aspects of the narration of feminicide stood out both by the gender of the reporter and by the media in the four newspapers, from two perspectives: 1) The fact, the follow-up, or the context; 2) The fact, legal aspects, and statistics. Reporters, men and women, tend to justify the perpetrator; male reporters blame the victim more than female reporters; and female reporters contextualize feminicide through social issues: social violence, impunity, and failures in legal processes. “La Jornada” is inclined towards social issues, while “El Universal” tends to justify the perpetrator.

View infography

References

Alcocer, M. (2014). ‘Prostitutas, infieles y drogadictas’. Juicios y Prejuicios de género en la prensa sobre las víctimas de feminicidio: el caso de guerrero, México. Antipoda, 20, 97-118. https://doi.org/10.7440/antipoda20.2014.05

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Amorós, C. (1992). Notas para una teoría nominalista del patriarcado. Asparkía, 1, 41-58. https://bit.ly/32PHdfd

Link Google Scholar

Ardévol-Abreu, A. (2015). Framing o teoría del encuadre en comunicación. Orígenes, desarrollo y panorama actual en España. Revista Latina de Comunicación Social, 70, 423-450. https://doi.org/10.4185/rlcs-2015-1053

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Benton, M., & Frazier, J. (1976). The agenda setting function of the mass media at three levels of ‘information holding’. Communication Research, 3(3), 261-274. https://doi.org/10.1177/009365027600300302

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Berkowitz, D., & Liu, Z. (2014). The social-cultural construction of news: From doing work to making meanings. In R. Fortner, & M. Fackler (Eds.), The handbook of media and mass communication theory (pp. 301-313). Wiley Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118591178.ch17

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Bullock, C., & Cubbert, J. (2002). Coverage of domestic violence fatalities by newspapers in Washington State. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 17(5), 475-499. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260502017005001

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Caputi, J. (1987). The age of sex crime. The Popular Press.

Link Google Scholar

Caputi, J., & Russell, D.E. (1990). Femicide: Speaking the unspeakable. Ms., 34-47.

Link Google Scholar

Danés, S. (2017). La representación del feminicidio en la prensa regiomontana [Tesis de maestría, Tecnológico de Monterrey]. Repositorio Institucional del Tecnológico de Monterrey. https://bit.ly/2rRsBiR

Link Google Scholar

Durán, G.M. (2009). La Ideología en los medios: Una propuesta para un mapa conceptual de la prensa en México [Tesis de Maestría, Tecnológico de Monterrey]. Repositorio Institucional del Tecnológico de Monterrey. https://bit.ly/2qYLrno

Link Google Scholar

Fagoaga, C. (1994). Comunicando violencia contra las mujeres. Estudios sobre el Mensaje Periodístico, 1, 67-90. https://bit.ly/2rPe8nq

Link Google Scholar

Foucault, M. (1999). Estética, ética y hermenéutica. Paidós.

Link Google Scholar

Gallur, S. (2014). CIMAC y la cobertura del feminicidio de Ciudad Juárez, 1999-2009. Universidad Autónoma. https://bit.ly/2OjK5f4

Link Google Scholar

Gillespie, L., Richards, T., Givens, E., & Smith, M. (2013). Framing deadly domestic violence: Why the media’s spin matters in newspaper coverage of femicide. Violence against women, 19(22), 222-245. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801213476457

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Gillespie, L., Richards, T., Kirkland, L., & Dwayne, S. (2011). Exploring news coverage of femicide: Does reporting the news add insult to injury? Feminist Criminology, 6(3), 178-202. https://doi.org/10.1177/1557085111409919

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

González-Rodríguez, S.G. (2010). Huesos en el desierto. Anagrama.

Link Google Scholar

Guo, L., Tien, L., & McCombs, M. (2012). An expanded perspective on agenda setting effects. Exploring the third level of agenda setting. Revista de Comunicación, 11, 51-68. https://bit.ly/2OiFVnD

Link Google Scholar

Krippendorff, K. (2004). Content analysis. An introduction to its methodology. Sage Publications.

Link Google Scholar

Krippendorff, K. (2006). The semantic turn. A new foundation for design. Taylor y Francis.

Link Google Scholar

Lagarde, M. (1990). Identidad femenina. OMNIA, 6(20), 51-83.

Link Google Scholar

Lagos, C. (2008). El feminicidio según la prensa chilena: Otra forma de violencia contra las mujeres. [Tesis de maestría, Universidad de Chile]. Repositorio académico de la Universidad de Chile. https://bit.ly/35awvlg

Link Google Scholar

Ley General de Acceso de las Mujeres a una Vida Libre de Violencia § Primera Sección (2007). https://bit.ly/355Ui5G

Link Google Scholar

McCombs, M. (2004). Setting the agenda: The mass media and public opinion. Polity Press.

Link Google Scholar

Merrill, J.C. (1968). The elite press and great newspapers of the world. Pitman.

Link Google Scholar

Meyers, M. (1994). News of battering. Journal of Communications, 44, 47-63. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.1994.tb00676.x

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Miranda, O., & Iglesias, A. (2015). ‘Agenda-setting’ de medios en la guerra contra las drogas. Estudios sobre el Mensaje Periodístico, 21(1), 403-420. https://doi.org/10.5209/rev_esmp.2015.v21.n1.49102

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Monárrez, J. (2010). Las diversas representaciones del feminicidio y los asesinatos de mujeres en Ciudad Juárez, 1993-2005. In M. Fragoso, C. Gómez, F. Flores, M. César, & R. Salas (Eds.), Violencia contra las mujeres e inseguridad ciudadana en Ciudad Juárez (pp. 353-398). El Colef y Porrúa. https://bit.ly/2DRgMvB

Link Google Scholar

Mujeres, O.N.U. (Ed.) (1995). Declaración y plataforma de acción de Beijing. https://bit.ly/2OqNs3T

Link Google Scholar

Nájera, L. (2007). Manifestaciones de la noticia cultural en dos diarios nacionales: Análisis del discurso de notas informativas publicadas en la ‘Jornada’ y ‘Milenio Diario’ [Tesis de grado, UNAM].

Link Google Scholar

Niemi, M., & Pitkanen, V. (2016). Gendered use of experts in the media: Analysis of the gender gap in Finnish news journalism. Public Understanding of Science, 26(3), 355-368. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963662515621470

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Padrón, N. (2019). Consulta de medios. Padrón Nacional de Medios Impresos (PNMI). Secretaría de Gobernación. https://bit.ly/37f1qhO

Link Google Scholar

Radford, J. (2006). Introducción. In D.E. Russell, & J. Radford (Eds.), Feminicidio. La política del asesinato de las mujeres (pp. 33-53). CEIICH-UNAM.

Link Google Scholar

Radford, J., & Russell, D.E. (1992). Femicide: The politics of woman killing. Twayne Publishers. https://bit.ly/2OUGHc0

Link Google Scholar

Richards, T., Gillespie, L., & Smith, M. (2014). An examination of the media portrayal of femicide-suicides: An exploratory frame analysis. Feminist Criminology, 9(1), 24-44. https://doi.org/10.1177/1557085113501221

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Riffe, D., Lacy, S., & Frederick, F. (2005). Analyzing media messages. Using quantitative content analysis in research. Lawrence Erlbaum. https://bit.ly/37gmqFg

Link Google Scholar

Rodelo, F.V., & Muñiz, C. (2017). La orientación política del periódico y su influencia en la presencia de encuadres y asuntos dentro de las noticias. Estudios sobre el Mensaje Periodístico, 23(1), 241-257. https://doi.org/10.5209/esmp.55594

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Rodríguez, C. (2008). Del crimen pasional a la violencia de género: Evolución y tratamiento periodístico. Ámbitos, 17, 171-188. https://doi.org/10.12795/ambitos.2008.i17.11

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Scheufele, D., & Tewksbury, D. (2007). Framing, agenda setting, and priming: The evolution of three media effects models. Journal of Communication, 57(1), 9-20. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0021-9916.2007.00326.x

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Segato, R. (2013). La escritura en el cuerpo de las mujeres asesinadas en Ciudad Juárez. Territorio, soberanía y crímenes de segundo estado. Tinta Limón. https://bit.ly/2RsO4co

Link Google Scholar

SESNSP (Ed.) (2018). Informe de víctimas de homicidio, secuestro y extorsión, 2017. https://bit.ly/2QnwNAO

Link Google Scholar

Shoemaker, P., & Reese, S. (1996). Mediating the message: Theories of influences on Mass Media Content. Longman. https://bit.ly/2r36JAg

Link Google Scholar

Taylor, R. (2009). Slain and slandered: A content analysis of the portrayal of femicide in crime news. Homicide Studies, 13(1), 21-49. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088767908326679

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Vallejo, C. (2002). Representación de la violencia contra la mujer en la prensa española (‘El País’ / ‘El Mundo’) desde la perspectiva crítica. Un análisis crítico del discurso androcéntrico de los medios [Tesis Doctoral, Universidad Pompeu Fabra]. https://bit.ly/2D9CxGL

Link Google Scholar

Wimmer, R., & Dominick, J. (2011). Part two. Research approaches. In R. Wimmer, & J. Dominick (Eds.), Mass Media Research (pp. 114-148). Wadswort Cengage Learning.

Link Google Scholar

Wright, M.W. (2011). Necropolitics, narcopolitics, and femicide: Gendered violence on the Mexico-U.S. Border. Signs, 36 (3), 707-731. https://doi.org/10.1086/657496

Link DOI | Link Google Scholar

Crossmark

Technical information

Received: 03-09-2019

Revised: 13-09-2019

Accepted: 14-11-2019

OnlineFirst: 15-02-2019

Publication date: 01-04-2020

Article revision time: 10 days | Average time revision issue 63: 48 days

Article acceptance time: 72 days | Average time of acceptance issue 63: 83 days

Preprint editing time: 166 days | Average editing time preprint issue 63: 198 days

Article editing time: 211 days | Average editing time issue 63: 243 days

Metrics

Metrics of this article

Views: 19338

Abstract readings: 14802

PDF downloads: 4536

Full metrics of Comunicar 63

Views: 192405

Abstract readings: 167930

PDF downloads: 24475

Cited by

Cites in Web of Science

Alvarez-Monsivais; Edrei;. Framing first ladies: the experts, the novices, and the incumbents PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION , 2020.

https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.nov.21

Manrique De Lara, Amaranta; De Jesus Medina Arellano, Maria;. The COVID-19 Pandemic and Ethics in Mexico Through a Gender Lens JOURNAL OF BIOETHICAL INQUIRY , 2020.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-020-10029-4

Cites in Scopus

Manrique De Lara, A., De Jesús Medina Arellano, M. . The COVID-19 Pandemic and Ethics in Mexico Through a Gender Lens), Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, .

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-020-10029-4

Álvarez-Monsiváis, E. . Framing first ladies: The experts, the novices, and the incumbents | [Encuadres noticiosos sobre primeras damas: Las expertas, las novatas y las actuales]), Profesional de la Informacion, .

https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.nov.21

Cites in Google Scholar

Salazar Rebolledo, M. G., & Garza Castro, P. D. L. (2020). Media Coverage of Femicides in Mexico. Heterogeneity and Variation. Revista mexicana de opinión pública, (29), 111-125.

http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?pid=S2448-49112020000200111&script=sci_abstract&tlng=en

Salazar Rebolledo, M. G., & Garza Castro, P. D. L. (2020). La cobertura periodística de los feminicidios en México. Heterogeneidad y variación. Revista mexicana de opinión pública, (29), 111-125.

http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?pid=S2448-49112020000200111&script=sci_arttext

De Lara, A. M., & Arellano, M. D. J. M. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic and ethics in Mexico through a gender lens. Journal of bioethical inquiry, 1-5.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11673-020-10029-4

Pylvänäinen, L. (2020). “We do not know which is more dangerous, the crime or the State”–Power discourses of feminicides and violence against women in Mexico.

https://helda.helsinki.fi/handle/10138/317625

Álvarez-Monsiváis, E. (2020). Encuadres noticiosos sobre primeras damas: las expertas, las novatas y las actuales. Profesional de la Información, 29(6).

https://revista.profesionaldelainformacion.com/index.php/EPI/article/view/79972

Download

Alternative metrics

How to cite

Tiscareño-García, E., & Miranda-Villanueva, O. (2020). Victims and perpetrators of feminicide in the language of the Mexican written press. [Víctimas y victimarios de feminicidio en el lenguaje de la prensa escrita mexicana]. Comunicar, 63, 51-60. https://doi.org/10.3916/C63-2020-05

Share

           

Post Office Box 527

21080 Huelva (Spain)

Administration

Editorial office

Creative Commons

This website uses cookies to obtain statistical data on the navigation of its users. If you continue to browse we consider that you accept its use. +info X