Palavras chave

Sharenting, exposição de crianças, privacidade online, cibersegurança, competência digital, adição à Internet, autocontrole, comportamentos de risco

Resumo

O sharenting está se tornando uma prática habitual que põe em risco a segurança e a privacidade das crianças. Esse fenômeno corresponde ao ato de familiares compartilharem imagens de menores de idade na Internet. Por sua vez, os níveis de adição à Internet, associados a um baixo autocontrole, são um problema atual na sociedade moderna. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o grau de publicação de imagens e os motivos para realizar o sharenting por parte da população adulta, determinar os fatores sociodemográficos que influenciam no sharenting, a adição em Internet e o autocontrole e estabelecer as correlações geradas entre essas três variáveis. Participaram da pesquisa online um total de 367 adultos espanhóis entre 18 e 61 anos (M=28,98; DP=10,47). As análises de regressão múltipla e a modelagem de equações estruturais revelaram que: 1) a idade se apresenta como um preditor do vício em Internet; 2) a idade, o gênero e a situação laboral são fatores preditivos de um baixo autocontrole; 3) não foram encontrados fatores sociodemográficos que fossem preditivos do sharenting; 4) a única correlação significativa se estabeleceu entre a adição em Internet e o autocontrole. Finalmente, são discutidas as implicações práticas deste trabalho sobre a proteção do menor de idade e a necessidade de formação dos adultos sobre segurança na Internet.

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Technical information

Recebido: 13-12-2019

Revisado: 26-01-2020

Aceite: 10-03-2020

OnlineFirst: 15-04-2020

Data de publicação: 01-07-2020

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 44 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 64: 36 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 88 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 64: 91 dias

Tempo de edição da pré-impressão: 155 dias | Tempo médio de edição pré-impressão do número 64: 157 dias

Tempo de processamento do artigo: 200 dias | Tempo médio de processamento do número 64: 202 dias

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Hinojo-Lucena, F., Aznar-Díaz, I., Cáceres-Reche, M., Trujillo-Torres, J., & Romero-Rodríguez, J. (2020). Sharenting: Internet addiction, self-control and online photos of underage children. [Sharenting: Adicción a Internet, autocontrol y fotografías online de menores]. Comunicar, 64, 97-108. https://doi.org/10.3916/C64-2020-09

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