Palavras chave

Nível socioeconômico, Internet, sucesso acadêmico, crianças, matemática, idiomas

Resumo

Neste estudo, pesquisamos os efeitos mediadores do uso da Internet por parte de crianças na relação entre o nível socioeconômico da família e seu sucesso acadêmico, e se os efeitos mediadores variam entre diferentes disciplinas acadêmicas. Usamos os dados do «Chinese Family Panel Study» (CFPS) sobre o nível socioeconômico das famílias das crianças, o uso de Internet por parte dessas crianças e seu rendimento acadêmico. Houve 2686 participantes em 2014 (mulheres=1272), 2330 participantes (mulheres=1069) em 2016 e 2485 participantes (mulheres=1151) em 2018. O status socioeconômico e o uso da Internet foram medidos por meio de um questionário. Os testes padronizados mediram o rendimento acadêmico. Os achados mostraram que o nível socioeconômico da família se relaciona positivamente com o sucesso em matemática, mas não significativamente com as pontuações chinesas. Os resultados indicaram que o uso da Internet não mediava na relação entre o status socioeconômico familiar em 2014 e o rendimento matemático em 2016, enquanto que a frequência de uso da Internet para estudar em 2016 mediava em parte a relação entre e status socioeconômico familiar em 2016 e o rendimento matemático em 2018. Nossos achados propõem que o uso da Internet só pode mediar na relação entre o nível socioeconômico da família e o sucesso em matemática, e os efeitos mediadores se tornam mais fortes com o passar do tempo.

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Recebido: 15-12-2020

Revisado: 24-01-2021

Aceite: 15-02-2021

OnlineFirst: 15-04-2021

Data de publicação: 01-07-2021

Tempo de revisão do artigo: 40 dias | Tempo médio de revisão do número 68: 37 dias

Tempo de aceitação do artigo: 62 dias | Tempo médio de aceitação do número 68: 78 dias

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Ye, L., Xia, X., Jiang, P., Jiang, T., & Liu, Y. (2021). The effects of children’s Internet use: A Chinese longitudinal study. [Los efectos del uso de Internet por niños: Un estudio longitudinal en China]. Comunicar, 68, 97-105. https://doi.org/10.3916/C68-2021-08

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